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Robert I, King of France

Male 866 - 923  (57 years)


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  • Name Robert I  
    Suffix King of France 
    Born 866 
    Gender Male 
    Died 15 Jun 923  Soissons, Aisne, Picardy, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • “ROBERT, son of ROBERT "le Fort" Comte [de Tours], Marquis en Neustrie & his wife --- ([860]-killed in battle near Soissons 15 Jun 923). "Rodbertum fratrem Odonis regis" is named in the Cartulaire de Saint-Bertin. He was installed as lay abbobot of Marmoutier on the death of Hugues l’Abbé in 886. He succeeded his brother in 888 as Marquis en Neustrie, and probably also as Comte de Paris, d'Orléans et de Tours. After his brother King Eudes captured Poitou in 893, he installed Roberert as Comte de Poitou but the latter was expelled by Adémar, son of Comte Emenon. After the death of his brother in 898, Robert supported Charles III King of France who seems to have confirmed Robert's position in Neustrie. He rebelled againsst the king in 922, triggered by the confiscation of the monastery of Chelles by King Charles from Rothilde (who was the mother-in-law of Robert's son Hugues) in favour of his favourite Haganon. He was elected ROBERT I King of France 22 Jun 922, consecrated at Reims by Gauthier Archbishop of Sens. King Robert was killed fighting ex-King Charles, although his forces won the battle. The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "XVII Kal Jul" of "Rotbertus rex"[38]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Magloire records the death "XVII Kal Jul" of "Robertus rex".
      m firstly ---. The name of Robert's first wife is not known. However, as King Robert's known wife Béatrix de Vermandois could not have been the mother of his daughter Adela (married to the brother of Béatrix) it is assumed that this earlier maarriage is correct. According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Robert's first wife was named AELIS. This may be based on the 21 May 907 donation of Rebais abbey to the church of Paris which refers to "comitis Rotberti et Adele comitisse". However, as shown below, this is more likely to refer to Robert and his daughter than his wife.
      m secondly ([897]) BEATRIX de Vermandois, daughter of HERIBERT I Comte de Vermandois & his wife --- ([880/83]-after 26 Mar 931). The Historia Francorum Senonensis records that "sororem Herberti" was the wife of "Robertus princeps" who rebelled against Charles III "le Simple" King of France. Guillaume de Jumièges records that Duke Robert's wife was the sister of Héribert, by whom he had a son Hugues. "Hugo rector Abbatiæ sancti Martini" names "genitoris nostri Rotberti quondam regigis ac genitricis nostræ domnæ Beatricis" in his charter dated 26 Mar 931. The marriage date is estimated by Werner on the assumption that the marriage accompanied the political reconciliation between Béatrix's father and Robert's uncle. If the 907 donation mentioned above in fact refers to Robert's first wife, the marriage would of course have taken place after that date.
      King Robert I & his first wife had one child:
      1. [ADELA] (before 898-). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to "comitis Heriberti gener…Roberti" and in a later passage to the sister of "dux Hugo Cappatus" as the wife of "comitis Heriberti de Peroni, Campanie et Veromandie" but does not name her. Her origin is confirmed by Flodoard naming "Hugo dux cum nepotibus suis, Heriberti filiis" in 943. Her birth date is estimated from the birth of her first child in [915]. Her name is deduced as follows. The 21 May 907 ddonation of Rebais abbey to the church of Paris refers to "comitis Rotberti et Adele comitisse". Although this phrasing usually indicates husband and wife, Settipani suggests that the chronology of the life of King Robert's son Hugues (attested as Robert's son by his second wife Béatrix) favours his birth, and therefore his father's second marriage, well before 907, which would mean "Adele" could not have been Robert's wife. This reasoning appears based firstly on Hugues already being married in [914], and secondly on the probability of his having reached the age of majority when he was recognised as duke in 922. The 907 document is explained as referring to Robert and his elder daughter. The issue, however, is not beyond doubt, especially if the document in question was misdated. m (before 21 May 907) HERIBERT II Comte de Vermandois, son of HERIBERT I Comte de Vermandois[-Carolingian] & his wife [Liedgardis] --- ([880]-23 Feb 943, bur Saint Quentin).
      King Robert I & his [first/second] wife had one child:
      2. EMMA (-2 Nov 934). Flodoard names "Emma regis Rotberti filia" when recording that she obliged Seulf Archbishop of Reims to consecrate her as queen at Reims in 923 in the absence of her husband fighting. Rodulfus Glaber names "Emmam…sororem…m…magni Hugonis" as wife of "Rodulfus, Richardi ducis Burgundiæ filius", suggesting that she was instrumental in persuading her brother to support her husband's accession as king. "Emme nostri imperii consortis" and "Emma coniux mea" is named in the charters of "Rodolfus Francorum rex" dated 21 Jun 931 and 1 Jul 931. There is no indication whether Emma was born from her father's first or second marriage. Flodoard records the death of "Emma regina" at the end of his passage dated 93434. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés records the death "IV Non Nov" of "domna Emma regina". m ([911/19]) RODOLPHE [Raoul] Comte de Bourgogne, son of RICHARD “le Justicier” Duke of Burgundy & his wife Adélais d’Auxerre [Welflf] (-Auxerre, Yonne 15/16 Jan 936, bur Abbaye de Sainte-Colombe de Sens). He succeeded his father in 921 as Duke of Burgundy. He was elected as RAOUL King of France in 13 Jul 923 at Soissons to succeed his father-in-law, consecrated by Gautier Archbishop of Sens at the Abbey of Saint-Médard de Soissons.
      King Robert I & his second wife had one child:
      3. HUGUES ([898]-Dourdan, Essonne 16 Jun 956, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). The Historia Francorum Senonensis names "Hugo Magnus" as son of "Robertus princeps [et] sororem Herberti". He was installed as HUGUES "le Grand" Duc des Francs in 936.”«s87» [1]
    Person ID I12612  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 10 May 2021 

    Father Robert “The Strong”, of Neustria,   d. 25 Jul 866, Brissarthe, Maine-et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F4362  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 ? 
    Children 
    +1. Adela or Liégarde, of France,   b. Abt 899
    Last Modified 10 May 2021 
    Family ID F4680  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Beatrice or Beatrix, de Vermandois,   b. Between 880 and 883,   d. Aft 26 Mar 931  (Age ~ 51 years) 
    Children 
     1. Emma
    +2. Hugh “the Great”, Duke of Paris,   b. 898, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Jun 956  (Age 58 years)
    Last Modified 10 May 2021 
    Family ID F4339  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsDied - 15 Jun 923 - Soissons, Aisne, Picardy, France Link to Google Earth
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  • Sources 
    1. [S87] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy., Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Trustees.