Connected Bloodlines

Pépin or Pippin I Carloman, King of Italy

Male 773 - 810  (37 years)


Personal Information    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Pépin or Pippin I Carloman  
    Suffix King of Italy 
    Born 12 Apr 773  Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 8 Jul 810  Milan, Lombardy, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • “Pepin was baptised by Pope Adrian I. Consecrated King of Lombardy April 15, 781, was King 781-810.”

From Encyclopedia Britannica Online, Article entitled Pepin:
"Pepin took part in campaigns against Duke Tassilo III of Bavaria from 787 and led an army against the Avars in 796. His Venetian campaign (809-810) enabled Charlemagne later to come to favourable terms with the Byzantine Empire. As early as 806 Charlemagne, in planning the division of his lands, had decided that on his death Pepin should inherit Italy, Bavaria, and the territory of the Alemanni, but Pepin predeceased his father by four years."

      “CARLOMAN [Pepin], son of CHARLES I King of the Franks & his second wife Hildegard (777-Milan 8 Jul 810, bur Verona, San Zeno Maggiore). "Pippinus" is named, and his parentage recorded, in the Gesta Mettensium, which specifies that he was his parents' second son. He was baptised "PEPIN" in Rome 15 Apr 781 by Pope Hadrian, Settipani commenting that his name was changed from Carloman but the primary source which identifies him by this name has not so far been identified. He was crowned PEPIN King of Italy 15 Apr 781 at Rome, named King of the Lombards and installed at Pavia, ruling under the regency of Adalhard. He invaded the duchy of Benevento in early 793. The 796 victory of "rex Pippinus" against the Avars led by "Cacanus rex" (which reflects the title "Khagan" not his name) is commemorated in a contemporary poem. The Annales Fuldenses record that "Ehericum ducem Foroiuliensem, deinde…Pippinum filium regis" captured the camp of "Hunorum…Hringum" in 796, speecifying that "Cagan et Iugurro principibus Hunorum" were killed by their own people. At the partition of the empire agreed at Thionville in 806, Pepin was designated sovereign of Italy, Bavaria, Carinthia (except Nordgau) and Alemannia south oof the River Danube. He subjugated Istria, the towns of Dalmatia, and Venice in [810][487]. The Annales Fuldenses record the death "810 VIII Id Iul" of "Pippinum filius eius regem Italiæ". The Annales Sancti Emmerammi record the death "810 Id Iul" of "Pippinus".
      Mistress (1): (from 795) --- . Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that Pepin's son Bernard was born "…ex concubina". However, other sources do not refer to the fact that he was illegitimate. The question is not beyond doubt. Assuming that he was illegitimate, the name of King Pepin's mistress is not known. Settipani quotes a name list in the Liber confraternitatum augiensis which reads "Karolus maior domus, Pippin rex, Karlomannus maior domus, Karolus imperator, Karolus rex, Pippin rex, Bernardus rex, Ruadtrud, Ruadheid, Svanahild regina, Bertha regina, Hiltikart regina, Fastrat regina, Liutkart regina, Ruadheid, Hirminkar regina". He makes the obvious links between "Karolus maior domus…Svanahild regina", "Pippin rex…Bertha regina" and "Karolus imperator…Hiltikart regina, Fastrat regina, Liutkart regina", deducing that the last named "Ruadheid" must be linked logically to "Pippin rex". However, this link is not inevitable. It is based on three assumumptions: firstly that the second "Pippin rex" was Pepin King of Italy (he is the most likely candidate, but it could also be Pepin King of Aquitaine, son of Emperor Louis I); secondly that there are no female names linked either to "Karolus rexx" or to "Bernardus rex", which cannot be proved; and thirdly, that all the females listed were partners of the males listed, which is certainly not the case in view of the absence of Emperor Louis I "le Pieux" who is assumed to be the husband of "Hirminkar regina". Rösch suggests Bertha as the possible name of King Pepin's wife, citing Stromeyer. Settipani suggests that she was a close relative of Adalhard Abbé de Corbie and his half-brother Wala to explain the appointment of the former as regent for her son Bernard King of Italy in 813.
      King Pepin had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):
      1. BERNARD ([797]-Milan 17 Aug 818, bur Milan, San Ambrosio). Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "Bernhardus filius Pippini ex concubina". He was confirmed 11 Sep 813 at Aix-la-Chapelle as BERNARD I King of Italy.

      King Pepin had five [illegitimate] children by [Mistress (1)]. Einhard, who names these daughters, makes no mention of whether they were legitimate or not. If they were illegitimate, it is not known whether they were full sisters of Bernard.
      2. ADELAIS ([798]-after 810). "Adailhaidem, Atulam, Guntradam, Berthaidem ac Theoderadam" are named as daughters of Pippin by Einhard[494]. She was taken from Italy to the imperial court in 807[495].
      3. ADULA ([800/810]-after 810). "Adailhaidem, Atulam, Guntradam, Berthaidem ac Theoderadam" are named as daughters of Pippin by Einhard[496]. She arrived at the imperial court before 814.
      4. GUNTRADA ([800/810]-after 810). "Adailhaidem, Atulam, Guntradam, Berthaidem ac Theoderadam" are named as daughters of Pippin by Einhard[497]. She arrived at the imperial court before 814.
      5. BERTAIDE ([800/810]-after 810). "Adailhaidem, Atulam, Guntradam, Berthaidem ac Theoderadam" are named as daughters of Pippin by Einhard[498]. She arrived at the imperial court before 814.
      6. THEODRADA ([800/810]-after 810). "Adailhaidem, Atulam, Guntradam, Berthaidem ac Theoderadam" are named as daughters of Pippin by Einhard[499]. She arrived at the imperial court before 814.
      [According to Winkhaus[500], one of the last four daughters married LAMBERT I Comte de Nantes, son of WIDO Comte et Marquis de Nantes & his wife --- (-1 Sep 836), but the source on which this is based has not been identified.]”«s60», «s87»
    Person ID I10649  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 11 Jan 2023 

    Father Charlemagne or Charles I, King of the Franks,   b. 2 Apr 742, Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jan 813 or 814, Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years) 
    Mother Hildegard,   b. 758, Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Apr 783, Thionville, Moselle, Lorraine, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 25 years) 
    Married 771  Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F3711  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Children 
     1. Bernard I, King of Italy,   b. 797, Vermandois, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Apr 818, Milan, Lombardy, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 21 years)
    Last Modified 11 Jan 2023 
    Family ID F3708  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 12 Apr 773 - Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 8 Jul 810 - Milan, Lombardy, Italy Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth