Connected Bloodlines

DAKOTA IMMIGRANTS: EMBRACING NEW LANDS: TABLE OF CONTENTS

[NOTE: This document provides you with an overview of the families included in each chapter of the book along with specific topics or documents that are discussed in various chapters. Some chapters include more families than are listed below. The "My" pronoun contained below to describe relationships refers to Gerald R. Lowell, the author of the book. This document has been provided to help illustrate the scope of the book.]

Introduction:

TOPICS:

Louisiana Purchase

Methods for Acquiring Land

My English Immigrants

My Scottish Immigrants

My Norwegian Immigrants

My German Immigrants

Chapter 1: THE EARLY LOWELLS: ENGLAND TO NEW ENGLAND

TOPICS:

Scholarly disputes re. the claims made in the Visitations

FAMILIES:

The Lowle family in England in the 13th to 15th centuries.

Percival Lowle (abt 1570-1664/5) and Rebecca [maiden surname unknown] (1575-1648) (My 10-Greats-Grandparents) and their 11 children: the patriarch immigrant to the Colonies in 1639 from Bristol, England.

Richard Lowle (1601/2-1682) and 1st wife Margaret [maiden surname unknown] (? -1642) (My 9-Greats-Grandparents) and their 4 children.

Percival Lowell (1639/40-aft 1709) and 1st wife Mary Chandler (abt 1648-1708) (My 8-Greats-Grandparents) and their 6 children.

Gideon Lowell (1672-1753) and 1st wife Miriam “Mary” Swett (1672-1734) (My 7-Greats-Grandparents) and their 10 children.

Stephen Lowell (1703-1776) and Miriam Collins (1706-1767) (My 6-Greats-Grandparents) and their 9 children.

Reuben Lowell (1739-1824) and 1st wife Priscilla Bartlett (1741-1807) (My 5-Greats-Grandparents) and their 8 children.

Chapter 2: OUR LOWELL FAMILY IN MAINE

TOPICS:

My Visits to Maine

FAMILIES:

Reuben Lowell (1739-1824) and 1st wife Priscilla Bartlett (1741-1807) (My 5-Greats-Grandparents) and their 8 children [including brothers, Joshua Bartlett and Reuben, Jr., listed below.]

Joshua Bartlett Lowell (1769-1821) and Elizabeth “Betsy” Heath (1744-1822) (My 4-Greats-Grandparents) and their 13 children.

Reuben Lowell, Jr. (1733-1841) and 1st wife Betsey Smith (1774-1827) (My 4-Greats-Grandparents) and their 10 children.

Samuel Lowell (1799-1838) [son of Joshua Bartlett] and Hannah Lowell (1799-1871) [daughter of Reuben, Jr.] (My 3-Greats-Grandparents) and their 8 children. Samuel and Hannah were 1st cousins.

Chapter 3: OUR SOUTH DAKOTA LOWELLS

TOPICS:

Other Lowell Families in Minnehaha County

FAMILIES:

John Fairfield Lowell (1837-1908) and Wealthy Viola Furbush (1844-1933) (My 2-Greats-Grandparents) and their 2 children: Minnie E. Lowell (1865-1951) and John Russell Lowell (1869-1956).

John Russell Lowell (1869-1956) and Freda Marie Wilhelmine Volsch (1877-1954) (My Great-Grandparents) and their 3 children: George John Lowell (1901-1993), John Franklin Lowell (1906-1989) and Charles Edward Joachim Lowell (1910-1999).

Chapter 4: GEORGE JOHN LOWELL AND HAZEL LUCILLE MILLER: My Paternal Grandparents

FAMILIES:

George John Lowell (1901-1993) and Hazel Lucille Miller (1904-1994) and their 3 children: George James, John Harvey, and Roger Leroy Lowell.

Chapter 5: HAROLD DREYER NELSON AND GUDRUN MARIE NILSEN: My Maternal Grandparents

TOPICS:

Naming Conventions in Norway

Farm Organization Structures' Impact on Naming Conventions

FAMILIES:

Harold Dreyer Nelson (1883-1963) and Gudrun Marie Nilsen (1893-1980) and their 4 children: Mildred Johanna, Lillian Marie, Alice Kristine, and Harold Gilbert Nelson.

Chapter 6: GEORGE JAMES LOWELL AND ALICE KRISTINE NELSON: My Parents

FAMILIES:

George James “G. James” or “Jim” Lowell (1929-1997) and Alice Kristine Nelson (1926-1999) and their 3 children: Gerald Ray, Linda Marie, and Leann Kristine Lowell.

Chapter 7: GERALD RAY LOWELL AND MITCHELL SCOTT BLOCK: My Husband and Me

FAMILIES:

Gerald Ray Lowell (1949- ) and Mitchell Scott Block (1954- ).

Chapter 8: MY SIBLINGS: LINDA MARIE LOWELL AND LEANN KAY LOWELL AND THEIR FAMILIES

FAMILIES:

Linda Marie Lowell (1951- ) and Thomas Duane Geraets (1947- ) and their 2 sons (My nephews): Ryan and Matt.

Ryan Lowell Geraets (1976- ) and Emily Jane Lease (1977- ) and their 3 children: Bennett Davis, Eloise Jane, and Alice Marjorie Geraets (My great-nephew and great-nieces.)

Matthew Lowell Geraets (1978- ) and Lindy Bouchie (1977- ).

Leann Kay Lowell (1955- ) and 2nd Husband Jeffrey Lee Zelhart (1960- ) and their daughter (My niece), Megan.

Megan Marie Zelhart (1991- ) and Shelby Richardson (1990- ) and their 2 daughters: Harper Marie and Leina Kay Richardson (My great-nieces.)

Chapter 9: MY LOWELL GREAT-UNCLES AND UNCLES AND THEIR FAMILIES

FAMILIES:

John Franklin Lowell (1906-1989) and Florence Augusta Feyder (1905-2001) (My Great Uncle and Great Aunt). No children.

Charles Edward Joachim Lowell (1910-1999) and Gertrude Helen Brockhouse (1915-1995) (My Great Uncle and Great Aunt) and their 3 children: Myra Jean, Cheryl Ann, and Russell James Lowell (My 1st cousins, once removed.)

Myra Jean Lowell (1941- ) and Larry Dodd Feay (1941- ) and their 2 daughters: Michele Ann and Kathy Lynn Feay (My 2nd cousins.)

Cheryl Ann Lowell (1945- ) and Gary M. Murfield (1943- ) and their 2 children: Lori Lynn and Michael Murfield (My 2nd cousins.)

Russell James Lowell (1949-2020) and Susan Martin (abt 1954- ) (My 1st cousins, once removed) and their daughter: Jennifer Lee Lowell (My second cousin.)

John Harvey Lowell (1932-2015) and JoAnne Richardson (1932- ) (My uncle and aunt) and their 5 children: Katherine Jean, John Michael, Wendy Jo, Loire Ann, and Heidi Leann Lowell (My 1st cousins.)

Katherine Jean Lowell (1956-2020) and Rhiney Allen Peschel (1947- ) and son: Timothy Allen Peschel (1982- ) (My 1st cousin, once removed.)

John Michael Lowell (1958- ) and #1 Kathleen Lambeth (1956- ) and #2 Cynthia “Cindy” R. Fairhead Klein (1963- ) and 2 children with Kathleen: Garret J. and Jennica R. Lowell (My 1st cousins, once removed.)

Wendy Jo Lowell (1960- ) and Kevin John Kenison (1961- ) and their 2 children: Jake and Tess Ruth Lowell (My 1st cousins, once removed.)

Loire Ann Lowell (1963- ) and #1 Donald Allen Reynolds (1961- ) and #2 James Martin “Jim” Feeney III (1968- ) and 2 children with #2: Tyler and Alissa Feeney (My 1st cousins, once removed.)

Heidi Leann Lowell (1966- ) and Alisdair James Maden (1972- ) and their 2 children: Chloe and Luke Maden (My 1st cousins, once removed.)

Roger Leroy Lowell (1938- ) and Jane Nesemann (1949- ) (My uncle and aunt) and their 3 children: Andrew Nesemann, William Nesemann, and Elizabeth Josephine Lowell (1985- ) (My 1st cousins.)

Andrew Nesemann Lowell (1979- ) and Amanda “Mandy” Swope (1974- ) and their 2 children: Adeline Swope and Josephine “Josie” Swope Lowell (My 1st cousins, once removed.)

William Nesemann Lowell (1982- ) and partner, Kate J. Delavan (1985- )

Chapter 10: MY NELSON AUNTS AND UNCLE AND THEIR FAMILIES

FAMILIES:

Mildred Johanna Nelson (1923-2001) and 1st husband Raymond Edward Gann (1919-1976) (My aunt and uncle) and their 3 children: Eddie Ray, Peggy Lee, and Craig Harold Gann (My 1st cousins.)

Eddie Ray Gann (1945-2003) and #1 Janis Louise Lincoln (1946- ), #2 Karla Zoanne [maiden surname unknown] (1955- ), #3 Bonnie [maiden surname unknown] (birthdate unknown”, #4 Debra “Debi” Kay King (1953-2009. Three children with #1: Amy Christina Gann, Deborah Lee Gann, and Laurel Marie Gann (My 1st cousins, once removed.) One child with #2: Eddie Ray Gann II (My 1st cousin, once removed.)

Peggy Lee Gann (1947-2018) and #1 Kenneth E. Gibbs (birthdate unknown), #2 John H. Palmer, Jr. (1954- ), #3 Clark Cadman “Pidge” Hoe (1957- ). One child with #2: Sarah Johanna Palmer (My 1st cousin, once removed.)

Craig Harold Gann (1952- ) and #1 Christin M. Johnson (abt 1948- ), #2 Judith A. Philips (abt 1958- ), and #3 Della Ione Martin (1955- ). One child with #1 (My 1st cousin, once removed.): Cherene Gann and 2 children with #2 (My 1st cousins, once removed.): Jake Donal Gann and Casey Ray Gann.

Lillian Marie Nelson (1924-2007) and Hans Wesley “Wes” Hofstad (1921-2009) (My aunt and uncle) and their 4 children: Barbara Ann, Sandra Kay, Leland Wesley, and Judith Marie Hofstad (My 1st cousins.)

Barbara Ann Hofstad and #1 Kenneth Dean Olson (1928-2009), #2 Chris Howard Gerry (1948- ) and partner #3 Gary Dean Fokken (1938-2020). Two children with #1 (My 1st cousins, once removed.): Jacquelyn Kay “Jackie” Olson and Dustin Lane Olson.

Sandra Kay Hofstad (1947- ) and Kenneth Eugene Dunlap (1947- ). Two children (My 1st cousins, once removed.): David Dunlap and Kristine Marie Dunlap.

Leland Wesley Hofstad (1948- ) and Lona Mae Alligood (1951- ). Two children (My 1st cousins, once removed.): Lisa Marie Hofstad and Lee Martin Hofstad.

Judith Marie Hofstad (1953- ) and Timothy Wayne Melham (1953- ). Three children (My 1st cousins, once removed.): Shannon Marie Malham, Travis Wayne Melham, and Tracy Lynn Melham (1981- ).

Harold Gilbert Nelson (1927-2006) and Betty Ann McRoden (1932-2013) (My aunt and uncle) and their 3 children: Gary Lee, Brent Layne, and Sherilyn Ann Nelson (My 1st cousins.)

Gary Lee Nelson (1954- ) and Carol Jean Farmer (1955- ). Three children (My 1st cousins, once removed.): Blake William Nelson, Larissa May Nelson, and Valerie Ann Nelson.

Brent Layne Nelson (1962- ) and Dawn Michelle Runia (1964). Two children (My 1st cousins, once removed): Ryan Kenneth Nelson and John Andrew Nelson.

Sherilyn Ann Nelson (1968- ) and Scott Michael Carmody (1970- ). Two children (My 1st cousins, once removed): Ericka Danielle and Brendan Dreyer Carmody.

Chapter 11: OUR NORWEGIAN FAMILY FROM BERGEN AND STORD: Gudrun Marie Nilsen’s Relatives

TOPICS:

Gudrun Nelson’s Norwegian relatives who also came to the U.S.

Ongoing contacts between Gundrun’s American descendants and her Norwegian descendants

New Contacts with family members

Transcription of Interview with Olaf Lien, Gudrun’s nephew

Transcription of interview with Ingrid Lien Weatherhead, Gudrun’s niece

FAMILIES:

Nils Kolbeinsen (1801-1876) and #1 Maritte Johansdtr (abt 1790-1841), #2 Kari Larsdtr (1802-1846) and #3 Anna Ellingsdtr (1818-1898) (Gudrun’s paternal grandparents and my great-great-grandparents) and their children and descendants from various farms on Stord. Nils had 4 children with #1 (Gudrun’s uncles and aunts and my great-great uncles and aunts): Johannes Nilsen (1822- ), Grete Nilsdtr (1823-1899), Ingrid Nilsdtr (1825-1910), and Ole Nilsen Presthaug (1828-1906). Had no children with #2. Had 6 children with #3 (Gudrun’s uncles and aunts and my great-great uncles and aunts): Elling Nilsen Tyse (1848-1885), Anders Nilsen Tyse (1849-1904) [Gudrun’s father], Herman Nilsen Tyse (1852-1924), Marta Nilsdtr Tyse (1854-1863), Kristian Nilsen Tyse (1860), and Nils Andreas Nilsen Tyse (1863- ).

Herman Nilsen Tyse (1852-1924 and Anna Jonsdtr Nordstrønen (1852-1926) (Gudrun’s paternal uncle and aunt and my great-great-uncle and aunt) and their children from various farms on Stord. Had 8 children (Gudrun’s cousins and my 1st cousins, twice removed): Nils Hermansen Tyse (1877-1919), Janna Andrea Hermansdtr Tyse (1879-1946), Johan Hermansen Tyse (1881-1957), Kristian Hermansen Tyse (1884-1961), Reinert Martin Hermansen Tyse (1888-1958), Andreas Emil Hermansen Tyse (1890-1946), Gudmund Teodor Hermansen Tyse (1893-1955), and Alfred Hermansen Tyse (1895-1965).

Gudmund Teodor Hermansen Tyse (1893-1955) and Ingeborg Lovise Pedersdtr Lunde (1898-1949) (Gudrun’s 1st cousins; my 1st cousins, twice removed) and their children and grandchildren on Stord. Had 6 children (Gudrun’s 1st cousins, once removed: and my 2nd cousins, once removed): Viking Gudmundssen Tyse (1922-1960), Nils Gudmundssen Tyse (1923-2002), Per Gudmundssen Tyse (1926-1999), Aud Gudmundsdtr Tyse (1929- ), Alf Gudmundssen Tyse (1934-2014), and Helga Gudmundsdtr Tyse (1937- ).

Helge Olsen Gulbrandsgaard (1817-1872) and Margit “Marthe” Asgrimsdtr (1821-1896) (Gudrun’s maternal grandparents from Hol and my great-great-grandparents) and their descendants from various farms at Hol, Bergen, and other locations. Helge and Margit had 8 children (Gudrun’s uncles and aunts and my great-great-uncles and aunts): Ole Helgesen (1847-1938), Martha Gurine Helgesen (1848-1916), Anna Katharina Helgesen (1852-1898), Ingeborg Antonette Helgesen (1854-1937 [Gudrun’s mother], Edvard Olai Martin Helgesen (1859-19012), Oline Malene “Lina” Helgesen (1861-1945), Marthe Helene “Helen or Lena” Helesen (1863-1904), and Knud Andreas Helgesen (1865-1889).

Oline Malene “Lina” Helgesen (1861-1945) and Olaf Andreas Pedersen (1862-1934) (Gudrun’s maternal aunt and uncle and my great-great aunt and uncle) who emigrated to Brooklyn, New York. Lina and Olaf had 6 children, 2 survived until adulthood (Gudrun’s cousins and my 1st cousins, twice removed): Walter Leonard Pedersen (1890-1956), Jno. A. Pedersen (1891), Henry L. Pedersen (1893-1894), Lilly Pedersen (1894-1895), Irving Olaf (1896-1952), and Olaf Pedersen (1900).

Marthe Helene “Helen or Lena” Helgesen (1863-1904) and #1 Nils Hendricksen Espen (1862-1896) and #2 Carl Gunnerius Hoitomt (1867-1924) (Gudrun’s maternal aunt and uncles and and my great-great-aunt and uncles). Helen emigrated to Minneapolis, Minnesota. Helen and #1 Nils had 4 children (Gudrun’s 1st cousins and my 2nd cousins, once removed): Emma Matilda Espen (1887-1969), Henry A. Espen (1889-1963), Olga Emily Espen (1893-1982), and Nellie Helen Espen (1895-1897). Helen and #2 Carl had 1 child (Gudrun’s 1st cousin and my 2nd cousin, once removed): Helen Caroline Hoitomt (1899-1992).

Helene Caroline Hoitomt (1899-1992) and Obert Bernhard Okan (1898-1951) (Gudrun’s 1st cousins and my 1st cousins, twice removed). Had 3 children (Gudrun’s 1st cousins, once removed and my 2nd cousins, once removed): Lois Marilyn Okan (1930-1938), Joyce Helen Okan (1926-2019), and Roy Charles Okan (1927-2004).

Joyce Helen Okan (1926-2019) and Robert Windom “Bob” Rosene (1924-2020) (Gudrun’s 1st cousins, once removed; and my 2nd cousins, 1 removed). Had 4 children (Gudrun’s 1st cousins, twice removed; and my 3rd cousins): Richard Alan, Marilyn J., Barbara H., and Laurel Marie Rosene.

Anders Nilsen Tyse (1849-1904) and Ingeborg Antonette Helgesen (1854-1937) (Gudrun’s parents, my great-grandparents) who settled primarily in Bergen. Anders and Ingeborg had 10 children(Gudrun’s siblings and my great-aunts and uncles): Helga Marie Nilsen (1879-1969), Olaf Nikolai Nilsen (1880-1888), Anna Katrine Nilsen (1882-1944), Amanda Nilsen (1884), Olga Edvarda Nilsen (1885-1960), Anton Nilsen (1887-1901), Oluffa Nikoline Nilsen (1889-1953), Agnes Nilsen (1891), Gudrun Marie Nilsen (1893-1980) [my grandmother], and Agnes Amanda Nilsen (1896-1970). Six daughters survived until adulthood.

Olga Edvard Nilsen (1885-1960) and Andreas Hansen Lien (1885-1961) (Gudrun’s sister and brother-in-law; my great aunt and great uncle). Olga and Andreas had 7 children (Gudrun’s nieces and nephews; my 1st cousins, once removed): Astri Edvarda Lien (1907), Alice Catherine Lien (1910-1969), Ruth Helen Lien (1912-1995), Astrid Ingvarda Lien (1914-1994), Hans Lien (1915-1999), Olaf Andreas Lien (1919-2011), and Ingrid Antonie Lien (1925- ).

Olaf Andreas Lien (1919-2011) and Sigrun Alfrida Kristensen (1919-2003) (Gudrun Nelson’s nephew and niece; my 1st Cousins, once removed). Olaf and Sigrun had 4 children (Gudrun’s great-nephews and great-nieces; my 2nd cousins): Arne Lien, Henning Andreas Lien, Inger Lien, and Ellen Lien.

Ingrid Antonie Lien (1925- ) and Andrew Kingsley Weatherhead (1923-2011) (Gudrun’s niece and nephew; my 1st Cousins, once removed). Ingrid and Kingsley had 3 children (Gudrun’s great-nieces and great-nephew; my 2nd cousins): Lyn Kristin Weatherhead, Leslie Richard Weatherhead, and Andrea Kathryn Weatherhead.

Chapter 12: OUR NORWEGIAN FAMILY FROM VESTERÅLEN, ABOVE THE ARCTIC CIRCLE: Harold Dreyer Nelson’s Relatives

TOPICS:

Discovering Harold D. Nelson’s Norwegian ancestors

Importance of farms in Dell Rapids and in Alberta, Canada

Helmer Hanssen, Harold Nelson’s uncle, famed Polar Explorer

Jewish connections in Tromsø

Sámi ancestors

Historical notes about the farms of Bjørnskinn, written by Hjalmar Smevik and translated by Gerald Lowell

FAMILIES:

Hans Andreas Jakobsen (1833-1914) and #1 Pauline Jorgine Olsdtr (1834-1871) and #2 Johanne Gurine Paulsdtr (1844-1918), (Harold D. Nelson’s Maternal Grandparents and My Great-Great-Grandparents) and Hans’ 14 children (Harold’s aunts, and uncles and my great-great aunts and uncles) from Bjørnskinn, Andøy. [NOTE: Andøy is the northernmost municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the Vesterålen archipelago.]

With #1 Pauline Jorgine Olsdtr, Hans Andreas Jakobsen had seven children: Kristine [Harold’s mother]; Adolf Meldal Hanssen (1857-1904); Hans Peter Hansen (1860-1936); Karen Margrethe Hansen (1862-1938); Anna Emilie Hanssen (1865-1950); Maria Magdalene Hanssen (1867-1949); and Helmer Julius Hanssen (1870-1956).

With #2 Johanne Gurine Paulsdtr, Hans Andreas had seven additional children: Petra Mathilde Hanssen (1872-1950); Amanda Pauline Hanssen (1876-1965); Simon Petrus Hanssen (1877-1968); Hilda Josefine Hanssen (1880-1972); Daniel Johan Hanssen (1883-1959); Bernard Jule “Ben” Hanson (1885-1972); and Ragna Pauline Hanssen (1887-1950). Descendants for these 14 children are covered in Chapter 12, including:

Karen Margarethe Hanssen (1862-1938) and Anders Martin Berg Kolbeinsen/Andrew Vik (1863-1929), (Harold’s aunt and uncle; my great-great aunt and great-great-uncle). Had 5 children (Harold’s First Cousins and My 1st Cousins, Twice Removed): Helga Pauline Dorthea Vik, Kalmar Ecklund Vik, Arthur Korn Vik, Ingbortine “Inga” Margrete Marie Vik, and Ragnhild “Rachael” Johanna Vik.

Helga Pauline Dorthea Vik (1888-1970) and Martin John Johnson (1880-1959) (Harold’s first cousins and my 1st cousins, twice-removed). Had 3 children (Harold’s 1st cousins, once removed and my 2nd cousins, once removed): Gunhild Margit, Kelfred Audne, and Evelyn Margaret.

Kelfred Audne Johnson (1909-2003) and Hubert Gordon Carlson (1909-1982) (Harold’s 1st cousin, once removed; and my 2nd cousin, once removed.) Had 3 children (Harold’s 1st cousins, twice removed; and my 3rd cousins): Hubert Evan, Todd Quentin, and Cheryl Kay Carlson) and their descendants, including Lori Carlson Barber (1959- ) and Jennifer Lynn King Schnautz (1969- ). Lori was the daughter of Hubert Evan Carlson and Jennifer was the daughter of Cheryl Kay Carlson; Lori and Jennifer were Harold’s 1st cousins, three times removed, and my 3rd Cousins, Once Removed.

Hilda Josefine Hanssen (1880-1972) and Johan Helmer Aleksander Edvardsen Smevik (1873-1938) (Harold’s Aunt and Uncle, My Great-Great Aunt and Great-Great-Uncle). Had 7 children (Harold’s first cousins and my 1st cousins, twice removed): (Bjarne “Ben”, Hjørdis Helene, Eilif Bergiton, Hjalmar Johan, Margit Annie, Borghild Marie, and Edvard “Edd” Smevik) and their descendants.

Eilif Bergiton Smevik (1906-1954) and Gertrude Amanda Christopherson (1904-1960), (Harold’s 1st Cousins and my 1st cousins, twice removed). Had one daughter (Harold’s 1st cousin, Once Removed and My 2nd Cousin, Once Removed): Sonia Marie Smevik (1934-2001). Sonia married Stanley Howe Woster, Jr. (1925-2005). They had four children (Harold’s 1st Cousins, Twice Removed, and my third cousins): Susan Holly Woster Burgoyne, Eris S. Woster, Allison Elizabeth Woster Keeney, and Jonathan Curt Woster.

Andreas Strøm Olsen (1850-1924) and Kristine Margrete Hanssen (1855-1936) (Harold D. Nelson’s Stepfather and Biological Mother, my step great-grandfather and great-grandmother). Had 4 children (Harold’s half-brothers and half-sisters and my great-uncles and great-aunts): Oskar Arnold Andreassen Wiik (1887-1937), Alf Kristian Tobias Andreassen Wiik (1891-1982), Petra Margrethe Olsen (1894-1959), and Hansine Birgitte Olsen (1896-1970).

Oskar Arnold Andreassen Wiik (1887-1937) and Hildegunn Alvilde Elise Hansdtr (1894-1987). Had 1 child (Harold’s niece and my 1st cousin, 1 removed): Herlaug Andrea Kristine (1920-2006).

Alf Kristian Tobias Andreassen Wiik (1891-1982) and Olga Karlene Perny Lagesen (1902-1989). Had 2 children (Harold’s nieces and my 1st cousins, 1 removed): Turid Aud Andreassen (1933-2017) and Vårin or Vaarin Kristine Wiik (1938- ).

Petra Margrethe Olsen (1894-1959) and #1, partner, Konrad Olsen, #2, partner, Egil Antoni A. Wiik, and #3, husband, Claus or Klaus Kjernulf Celius (1897-1990). With #1 had: Alvhild Karlotte Olsen (1922); with #2 had twins Anna Kristine “Tuppa” Wiik (1923-1995) and Berghild Alvhild Hjørdis “Molla” Wiik (1923-2001); with #3, had Reinholdt Kjernulf Celius (1930-2012), Gisle Konvald Peder Celius (1931-2015) and Andrea Kristine Olaug Celius (1937). Petra’s children were Harold’s nieces and nephews and my 1st cousins, 1 removed.)

Hansine Birgitte Olsen (1896-1970) and partner Sigurd Nilssen Volden (abt 1894- ?). Had 1 child (Harold’s nephew and my 1st cousin, 1 removed.): Aksel Kristian Volden (1922-1997).

Aksel Kristian Volden (1922-1997) and Ester Anny Reinholdtsen (1922-2018) (Harold D. Nelson’s nephew and niece, my 1st cousins, once removed). Had 4 children (Harold D. Nelson’s great nephews and nieces, my 2nd cousins): Asbjørn Einar Volden (1944- ), Unni Margit Hansine Volden (1945-2021), Elin Kristin Volden (1950- ), and Terje Volden (1957- ).

Harold D. Nelson’s Sámi relatives from Gåsfjord, near Vik, ancestors of his maternal grandmother, Pauline Jorgine Olsdtr (Harold’s 5-Greats, 4-Greats, 3-Greats, 2-Greats, and Great-Grandparents; My 7-Greats, 6-Greats, 5-Greats, 4-Greats, and 3-Greats-Grandparents.)

Chapter 13: OUR FURBUSH FAMILY: My Scottish Clan Arrives in America in 1650

TOPICS:

Battle of Dunbar in Dunbar, Scotland, 3 Sep 1650

William Forbes/Ferbish/Furbush, Prisoner from the Battle of Dunbar, Indentured in the Colonies, my 8-Greats-Grandfather

FAMILIES:

Abram Furbush (1811-1888) and #1 Nancy Peterson (1817-1860) and #2 Fidelia Kelly (1835-1908) (George John Lowell’s Great-Grandparents and my 3 Greats-Grandparents) and their 9 children (7 with Nancy, and 2 with Fidelia). In addition to Wealthy Viola Furbush, Abram and #1 Nancy had 6 additional children (George John Lowell’s Great-Uncles and Aunts and My 3-Greats Uncles and Aunts), including:

—Abraham James Furbish (1837-1918) and #1 Mary J. Garrow (1847-1882) and #2 Elizabeth Margaret Patrick (1854-1944). Had 2 children (George John Lowell’s 1st cousins, once removed, and my 1st cousins, three times removed): Anne Furbish (1868-1955) and Mary Jane “Jennie” Furbish (1872-1938.

—Charles P. Furbush (1837-1917) and #1 Sophronia A. Locklin (1846-1893), #2 Sarah Jane Chandler (1835-1908), and #3 Clara J. Sylvester (1857-1929). Charles had 1 child with Sophronia (George John Lowell’s 1st cousin, once removed and my 1st cousin, three times removed): Addie E. Furbush (1863-1886).

—Ann Augusta Furbush (1842-1921) and #1 Wesley J. Whitney (1840-1893) and #2 Isaac Sargent (1828-1910). Had 2 sons with #1 (George John Lowell’s 1st cousins, once removed; and my 1st cousins, three times removed): Converse William Whitney (1865-1936) and Carroll Charles Whitney (1873-1936).

—William “Will” H. Furbish (1848-1927) and Electa Edmonds (1851-1935). Had 5 children (George John Lowell’s 1st cousins, once removed; and my 1st cousins, three times removed): Frank Henry Furbish (1876-1958), Charlotte A. Furbish (1878-1957), Bertrand William Furbish (1880-1960), Clare Edmonds Furbish (1886-1976), and Isla V. Furbish (1887-1969).

—Warren B. Furbush (1852-1891) and Mary Jane Robbins (1850-1929). Had 2 children (George John Lowell’s 1st cousins, once removed, and my 1st cousins, three times removed): Charles F. Furbush (1873-aft 1920) and Methyl M. Furbush (1886-1943).

—Frank Lowell Furbush (1861-1940) and Margaret C. Murphy (1865-1946). Had 4 children (George John Lowell’s 1st cousins, once removed; and my 1st cousins, three times removed): Frank Russell Furbush (1886-1943), William Carroll Furbush (1887-1972), Ruth Marjorie Furbush (1893-1922), and Helen Marie Furbush (1897-1970).

Chapter 14: A TALE OF TWO WOMEN: MINNIE LOWELL MCCARTNEY AND FLORA MCCARTNEY LUKER

FAMILIES:

Minnie E. Lowell (1865-1951) and George Andrew T. McCartney (1855-1890) (George John Lowell’s aunt and uncle and my great-great aunt and uncle) and only child, Flora Georgia McCartney (1889-1974) (George John Lowell’s 1st cousin and my 1st cousin, twice removed).

Flora Georgia McCartney and husband, Benjamin Franklin Luker II (1886-1929).

Parents and Siblings of George McCartney and Benjamin Luker II.

Chapter 15: OUR VOLSCH / VOELSCH FAMILY: Mecklenburgian Germans

TOPICS:

Challenges posed by German naming conventions for given names

Challenges posed by use of umlaut in spelling German given names and surnames in English

FAMILIES:

Johann Jochim Heinrich Fölsch (1763-aft.1819) and Anna M. Dorothea Niemann (1770-1825) (George John Lowell’s great-great grandparents and my 4-greats-grandparents). Had 6 children.

Johann Joachim Völsch (1804-1863) and Catherina Maria Dorothea Meinck (1804-1882) (George John Lowell’s Great-Grandparents and My 3-Greats-Grandparents). Had 7 children.

Johann Joachim Carl Heinrich Völsch (1833-1918) and Katharina Maria Elisabeth Mary Dähling (1836-1915) (George John Lowell grandparents and my great-great grandparents). (This family changed their surname to Volsch upon emigrating to the U.S.) Had 8 children (George John Lowell’s aunts and uncles, my great-great aunts and uncles):

—Maria Dorothea Wilhelmine “Mary” Volsch (1865-1939)

—Carolina Maria Dorothea Volsch (1867-1937)

—Carl Wilhelm Theodor Volsch (1869-1871)

—Ludwig Heinrich Theodor “Louis” Volsch (1871-1942)

—Wilhelmine Maria Dorothea “Minnie” Volsch (1873-1899)

—Dorothea Wilhelmine Emma “Dora” Volsch (1875-1908)

—Freda Marie Wilhelmine Volsch (1877-1853)

—Anna Maria Wilhelmine Volsch (1879-1908)

Johann Carl Heinrich Friedrich “Karl” Völsch (1845-1891) and Elise Maria Louise “Marie” Lüth (1846-1919) (George John Lowell’s great-uncle and great-aunt and my 3-greats uncle and aunt). (This family changed their surname to Voelsch upon emigrating to the U.S.) Had 9 children (George John Lowell’s 1st cousins once removed, and my 1st cousins, three times removed):

—Charles “Karl, Jr.” Voelsch (1871-1941)

—Frederick Henry “Fritz” or “Fred” Voelsch (1873-1957)

—Wilhelm “William” Voelsch (1875-1973)

—Bertha Sophie Friederike Voelsch (1877-1943)

—Wilhelmine “Minnie” Anna Maria Dorothea Voelsch (1880-1971)

—Anna Karolina Wilhelmina Voelsch (1882-1908)

—Klara “Clara” Eve Voelsch (1885-1965)

—Heinrich “Henry” Wilhelm Voelsch (1887-1959)

—Adelia Karoline “Dalia! Voelsch (1889-1972)

Chapter 16: OUR LEUBECHER FAMILY: Hessian Germans

TOPICS:

Augusta Leubecher’s Diary 1880-1925

Herman Leubecher’s Early Recollections, written Dec 1961

FAMILIES:

Karl Christoph Pomnitz (No dates known) and Johanna Friederike Hüttich (No dates known) (Hazel Lucille Miller Lowell’s great-grandparents and my 3-greats-grandparents). Had at least 9 children.

George Leubecher (1836-1921) and Eleonore Henriette Auguste or Augusta Pomnitz (1849-1925) (Hazel Lucille Miller’s grandparents and my great-great grandparents). Had 5 children, (Hazel Lucille Miller’s aunts and uncles and my 2 greats-aunts and uncles):

—Ida Leubecher (1872-1909) and Max Miller (1871-1963) (Hazel Lucille Miller Lowell’s parents and my great-grandparents). Had 3 children (My grandmother's siblings and my great-uncle and great-aunt):

—Elsie Vera Miller (1901-1988)

—Clifford Miller (1903-1976)

—Hazel Lucille Miller (1904-1994)

—Amalia Bertha “Molly” Leubecher (1874-1940) and John Hommes (1865-1938) (Hazel Lucille Miller’s aunt and uncle, my great-great aunt and uncle). Had 2 children (Hazel’s 1st cousins and my 1st cousins, twice removed.):

—Vera Ruby Hommes (1895-1901)

—Rene Violet Hommes (1904-1985)

—Anna Katharine “Kate” Leubecher (1876-1959) and William James “Will” Buswell (1869-1949) (Hazel Lucille Miller’s aunt and uncle, my great-great aunt and uncle). No children.

—Herman George Leubecher (1884-1972) and Iva Florence Peterson (1890-1957) (Hazel Lucille Miller’s aunt and uncle, my great-great aunt and uncle). Had 2 children (Hazel’s 1st cousins and my 1st cousins, twice removed.):

—Dorothy Aileen Leubecher (1915-2003)

—Rex Warren Leubecher (1920-2013)

—Augusta “Gussie” Helen Leubecher (1889-1981 and: #1 Charles Wakey (1884-1944), #2 Norman Franklin Adam Bates (1878-1955), #3 Charles Frederick Picking (1881-1959), and #4 Hansell Vernon Thompson (1884-1980) (Hazel Lucille Miller’s aunt and uncle, my great-great aunt and uncle). Charles and Augusta had 1 child (Hazel’s 1st cousin and my 1st cousin, twice removed.):

—Mary Anne Wakey (1924-1984).

Mary Anne Wakey and #1 Billy Louis Phillips (1918-1965) and #2 George Kenneth Norby (1921-1993) (Hazel’s 1st cousin and my 1st cousin, twice removed.) Had one child with #1 Billy Louis Phillips (Hazel’s 1st cousin, once removed, and my second cousin, once removed.):

—Billy Norman Phillips (1944-1981).

Rene Violet Hommes (1904-1985) and Nesbitt “Neb” Ludson Miller (1901-1954) (Hazel’s 1st cousins and my 1st cousins, twice removed.) Had 2 children (Hazel’s 1st cousins, once removed, and my second cousins, 1 removed.):

—Sherri Rene Miller (1940- )

—Michelle “Mitzi” Rene Miller

Dorothy Aileen Leubecher (1915-2003) and Watson W. Flint (1916-1998) (Hazel’s 1st cousins and my 1st cousins, twice removed.) Had 1 child (Hazel’s 1st cousin, once removed, and my second cousin, once removed.):

—Mark Alan Flint (1955- )

Rex Warren Leubecher (1920-2013) and Ruby Jean Ellens (1922-2013) (Hazel’s 1st cousins and my 1st cousins, twice removed.) Had 3 children (Hazel’s 1st cousins, once removed and my second cousins, once removed):

—Diane Jean Leubecher (1948- )

—Kathy Aileen Leubecher (1949- )

—Nancy Ann Leubecher (1952- )

Chapter 17: OUR MILLER FAMILY: Saxon Germans

FAMILIES:

Adolph Miller (1845-1901) and Auguste Amalie Bettrich (1845-1918) (Hazel Lucille Miller’s paternal grandparents and my great-great grandparents.) Had 5 children (Hazel’s father, aunts, and uncles and my great grandfather and great-great aunts and uncles): Paul Friedrich Miller (1870-1948), Max Miller (1871-1963) [Hazel´s father], Hulda Anna Miller (1874-1967), Rudolph A. “Rudy” Miller (1884-1951), and Viola Elsie Miller (1888-1979).

Paul Friedrich Miller (1870-1948) and #1 Maria “Mary” A. Sippel (1870-1912) and #2 Martha Elizabeth Youngerman (1874-1943 (Hazel’s uncle and aunt and my great-great uncle and aunt). Had 6 children with Mary and 1 child with Martha (The children were Hazel´s first cousins and my 1st cousins, twice removed). Paul and Mary’s 6 children:

—Harold Claude Miller (1896-1980) and Wilma M. Shipman (1908-1996). Had 5 children (Hazel Lucille Miller’s 1st cousins, once removed, and my 2nd cousins, once removed): Beverly Joan Miller (1932-2019); Kenneth H. Miller (1934- ); Stanley Paul Miller (1935-1973); Nancy Ellen Miller (1938-2014), and Kareen Lynne Miller (1942- ).

—Milton Miller (1898-1917).

—Melvin Miller (1898-1918).

—Morris “Maurice” Paul Miller (1903-1982) and Alice Valborg Bergdale (1912-1995). Had 3 children (Hazel Lucille Miller’s 1st cousins, once removed, and my 2nd cousins, once removed): Darrell Maurice Miller (1934); Gary Dean Miller (1935-1983); and Gregory Lee Miller (1948-2015).

—Russell Donald Miller )1905-1960) and Wilma Rosalie Steenbock (1916-1980).

—Willis Edwin Miller (1906-1974) and Margaret “Marge” E. Helb (1912-1981). Had 1 child (Hazel Lucille Miller’s 1st cousin, once removed, and my 2nd cousin, once removed): Willis Edwin “Ed” Miller, Jr. (1931-2015)

Paul and Martha’s 1 child (Hazel´s first cousin and my 1st cousin, twice removed):

—Gladys Elizabeth Miller (1917-1985) and #1 Randall Simpson Crosby (1916-2009) and #2 [Given name unknown] Boyer. With #1, had 2 children (Hazel Lucille Miller’s 1st cousins, once removed, and my 2nd cousins, once removed): Jerry Lee Crosby (1942-2007 and Joy Crosby [no additional information found about this individual.]

Max Miller (1871-1963) and Ida Leubecher (1872-1909) (Hazel’s parents and my great-grandparents) and their 3 children (Hazel and her two siblings, my grandmother and my great-aunt and great uncle): Elsie Vera Miller (1901-1988), Clifford Miller (1903-1976), and Hazel Lucille Miller (1904-1994).

Hulda Anna Miller (1874-1967) and Henry William Kieni (1868-1936) (Hazel’s aunt and uncle and my great-great aunt and uncle) and their 3 children (Hazel’s 1st cousins and my 1st cousins, twice removed): Ella A. Kieni (1895-1969), Emma Elsie Kieni (1899-1988), and Arthur H. Kieni (1902-1985). No grandchildren were born to Hulda and Henry.

Rudolph A. “Rudy” Miller and #1 Martha Wiese (1887-1941) and #2 Jeannette Johanna Kiel (1912-1976) (Hazel’s uncle and aunts and my great-great uncle and great-great-aunts) and his 3 children with Martha (Hazel’s 1st cousins and my 1st cousins, twice removed): Leo R. Miller (1906-1956), Helen A. Miller (1909-1974), and Keith Frederick Miller (1915-1970).

Viola Elsie Miller (1888-1979) and George Earl Collins (1890-1971) (Hazel’s aunt and uncle and my great-great aunt and uncle) and their 1 child (Hazel’s 1st cousin and my 1st cousin, twice removed): Cleo Earl Collins (1919-1995).

Elsie Vera Miller (1901-1988) and Gustav Albert “Al” Strobel (1891-1995) (Hazel’s sister and brother-in-law and my great-aunt and great-uncle) and their 1 child (Hazel’s nephew and my 1st cousin, once removed.): Claire John Albert (1929-2018)

Clifford Miller (1903-1976) and Nell Terrio (1906-1988) (Hazel’s brother and sister-in-law and my great-uncle and great-aunt) and their 2 children (Hazel’s niece and nephew and my 1st cousins, once removed.).

Claire John Albert Strobel (1929-2018) and Janet Helen McKee (1932- ) (Hazel’s nephew and niece and my 1st cousins, once removed) and their 6 children (Hazel’s great-nephews and great-nieces and my second cousins.)

Leo R. Miller (1906-1956) and Vera Olive Warsing (1906-2007) (Hazel’s 1st cousins and my 1st cousins, twice removed). No children.

Helen A. Miller (1909-1974) and Albert Henry Kettleson (1907-1987)(Hazel’s 1st cousins and my 1st cousins, twice removed). Had 1 child (Hazel’s 1st cousin, once removed and my second cousin, once removed: Betty Jane Kettleson (1928-2004).

Keith Frederick Miller (1915-1970) and Helen May Jacobsma (1912-1984) (Hazel’s 1st cousins and my 1st cousins, twice removed) and their 2 children (Hazel’s 1st cousins, once removed and my 2nd cousins, once removed): Janice Marie Miller (1943-2020) and Randy Miller (1951-2018).

Cleo Earl Collins (1919-1995) and #1 Marie Jeanette Vandevier (1920-1987) and #2 Frances Evelyn Kurtz (Hazel’s 1st cousins and my 1st cousins, twice removed). Had 1 child with #1: Dorothy Anne Collins (1941- ) and 1 child with #2: Terry Lynn Collins (1950- ) (Hazel’s 1st cousins and my 2nd cousins, once removed).

Index A: PERSONS LIST, COMPLETE, A-Z, BY LAST NAME, showing Charts and Photos in which Persons Appear. Index A contains over 2,500 names and cross-references.

Index B: PERSONS LIST, NORWEGIANS, LISTED IN CHAPTERS 11 AND 12, SORTED BY GIVEN NAME, to facilitate Identification, given confusion arising with use of patronymics and farm names, showing Charts and Photos in which Persons Appear. Index B contains over 700 names.