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Theoderich III or Theuderic or Theodoric III, King of the Franks

Male 652 - 691  (39 years)


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  • Name Theoderich III or Theuderic or Theodoric III  
    Suffix King of the Franks 
    Born 652 
    Gender Male 
    Died 691  Arras, Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • “King of Soissons (Neustrie), Paris, Orléans and Bourgogne (673), King of Bourgogne and all the Land of Franks (675-691), King of Autrasie (679-691)”

      “THEODERICH, son of CLOVIS II King of the Franks in Neustria & his wife Bathildis --- ([651]-[2 Sep 690/12 Apr 691], bur Arras, basilique Saint-Vaast). The Liber Historiæ Francorum names (in order) "Chlotharium, Childericum atque Theudericum" aas the three sons of "Chlodoveus…ex Balthilde regina eius", recording in the following paragraph that Theoderich succeeded his brother after a reign of 4 years. The parentage of "Theodorici regis" is given in the Cartulaire de Saint-Bertin. HHe succeeded his brother in 673 as THEODERICH III King of the Franks in Neustria and Burgundy, under the protection of the maior domus Ebroin. After the latter was deposed and imprisoned at Luxeuil, King Theoderich was deposed, tonsured, forced to become a monk at Saint-Denis, and replaced by his younger brother Childerich. After the latter's assassination, King Theoderich was restored in Neustria end 675. After the maior domus Berthar was defeated by the Austrasians, King Theoderirich was forced to flee but was captured by Pepin, maior domus in Austrasia. According to the Continuator of Fredegar, he died "after a reign of seventeen years". The Liber Historiæ Francorum records the death of "Theudericus rex" after a reign of 19 years. The Chronicon Sancti Medardi Suessionensis records the death in 693 of “Theodericus Rex” and the accession of “Clodoveus filius eius”.
      m CHROTECHILDIS [Rotilde] [Doda], daughter of --- (-692 or after). "Theudericus rex Francorum" donated property at the request of "regine nostre Chrodochilde…et…Berchario maiorem domos nostre" to the abbey of St Denis by charter dated 30 Oct 68688. "Chrotechildis regina" is named as mother of King Clovis III in the Cartulaire of Saint-Bertin. She was regent for her son King Chlodovech III until 692. The necrology of Arras Saint-Vaast names "Theodericus rex Galliæ, Doda uxor regina"". The epitaph of King Theoderich III and his wife bore the inscription "rex Theodericus…cum coniuge Doda", assumed to be another name by which Rotilde was known. Settipani approves the theory of Maurice Chaume that the wife of King Theoderich III was Chrotechildis, daughter of maior domus Ansegisel. However, this does not appear to be directly supported by primary source evidence.
      King Theoderich III & his wife had [three] children:
      1. CHLODOVECH [Clovis] ([678]-695, bur Choisy-au-Bac, near Compiègne, basilique Saint-Etienne). "Chlodoveus rex Francorum" names "avunculi nostri Chlothacharii et Childerici…et genitor nostri Theuderici quondam regis…avos nostros Chlodoveus quondam rex" in his deed dated 1 Jun 691, subscribed by "genitricis nostræ Chrodechildis reginæ". He is named as son of Theoderich in the Cartulaire of Saint-Bertin. The Liber Historiæ Francorum names "Chlodoveus filius eius [=Theuderici regis]…ppuer…ex regina…Chrodchilde" when recording his succession to his father and reign of two years. He succeeded his father in 690 as CLOVIS III King of the Franks, under the authority of Pepin d'Herstal [Carolingian], but died after "having reigned four years". The Chronicon Sancti Medardi Suessionensis records the death in 695 of “Clodoveus puer Rex” and the accession of “Childebertus frater eius”.
      2. CHILDEBERT (-14 Apr 711, bur Choisy-au-Bac, near Compiègne, basilique Saint-Etienne). "Childebertus rex Francorum" names "geneture nostro Theuderico condam rige" in his deed dated 14 Mar 697. "Hildebertus" is named brother of King Clovis IIIII in the Cartulaire of Saint-Bertin. The Liber Historiæ Francorum names "Childebertus frater eius [=Chlodoveus rex]" when recording that he succeeded his brother. He succeeded his brother in 695 as CHILDEBERT III King of the Franks, under the authority of Pepin d'Herstal [Carolingian]. The Annales Metenses record the death of "Hildebertus rex" in 708 and his burial "Cauciaco in basilica sancti Stephani martyris". The Liber Historiæ Francorum records the death of "Childebertus rex" after a reign of 17 years and his burial "Cauciaeco monasterio in basilica sancti Stephani protomartyris". The Continuator of Fredegar records his death after reigning sixteen years and his burial place. The Chronicon Sancti Medardi Suessionensis records the death “XVIII Kal Mai” in 712 of “Childebertus Rex Francorum”. m [ERMENECHILDIS], daughter of ---. Settipani states that Ermenechildis is named as the wife of King Childebert III in the 12th century Gesta Episcoporum Tullensis. She is not named in the Vita Dagoberto III Regis Francorum which relates the life of her son. King Childebert III & his wife had one child:
      a) DAGOBERT ([697/98]-[3 Sep/31 Dec] 715, bur Choisy-au-Bac, near Compiègne, basilique Saint-Etienne). The Liber Historiæ Francorum names "Daygobertus puer filius eius [=Childebertus rex]" when recording that he succeeded his father. The Vitta Dagoberto III Regis Francorum names "Dagobertus rex…Theodericus avus ipsius…Hildebertus pater ipsius". "Dagoberctus rex Francorum" names "consobrinus noster Guntramnus rex…avi nostri Chlothacharius et item Dagobertus seu etiam Chlodoveus, nec non et Chlothacharius…et avus noster Theudericus…et avunculus noster item Chlodoveus…et genitor noster Childebertus quondam reges" in his deed dated 18 Jan 712. "Dagobertus" is named son of King Childebert III in the Cartulaire of Saint-Bertin. He succeeded his father in 711 as DAGOBERT III King of the Franks, under the authority of Pepin d'Herstal [Carolingian]. The Continuator of Fredegar and the Liber Historiæ Francorum both record that he died "after a reign of five years". The Monumenta Epternacensia record that "Dagobertus rex" was killed in 715 "in Cortia silva" and buried "Satiniaco". m ---. The name of King Dagobert III's wife is not known. King Dagobert III & his wife had one child:
      i) THEODERICH ([712]-[16 Mar/30 Apr] 737, bur église de l'abbaye de Saint-Denis). The Liber Historiæ Francorum names "Theudericum…filium Dagoberto iunioris" recording his succession and reign of six years. "Theudericus rex Francorum" names "proavi nostri Clodovei et…avunculorum nostrorum Clothacharii et Childerici…et avorum nostrorum Theuderici et Childeberti atque consobrini nostri Chilperici quondam regis" in his deed dated 3 Mar 721. After being taken from the monastery of Chelles, Charles "Martel" installed him [30 Jan/13 May] 721 as THEODERICH IV King of the Franks. He was not replaced as King of the Franks until six years after his death.
      3.[BERTRADA [Berta]. Abbess of Prüm. Settipani suggests that Bertrada, abbess of Prüm and great grandmother of Charlemagne, was the daughter of King Theoderich III, basing this on the transmission of the names Charibert and Theoderich into the Carolingian family. m ---.] “«s60», «s87» [1, 2]
    Person ID I10771  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 6 Jul 2020 

    Father Clovis II, King of the Franks in Neustria 
    Mother Bathildis 
    Family ID F3723  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Chrothechildis or Rotilde or Doda,   b. Aft 651,   d. 3 Jun 694  (Age < 41 years) 
    Children 
     1. Clovis or Chlodovech III, King of the Franks
     2. Childebert III, King of the Franks
    +3. Bertrada, Abbess of Prüm,   b. 680,   d. Bef 704  (Age < 23 years)
    Last Modified 6 Jul 2020 
    Family ID F3722  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsDied - 691 - Arras, Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Sources 
    1. [S60] A Family Tree: Ancestors and Relations of Alexis William Casimir., Casimir, Bernard.

    2. [S87] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy., Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Trustees.