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Håkon “the Mighty” SIGURDSSON

Male Abt 955 - 995  (~ 40 years)


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  • Name Håkon “the Mighty” SIGURDSSON 
    Born Abt 955  Norway Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 995 
    Notes 
    • “HAAKON Sigurdsson "the Mighty", son of Jarl SIGURD Haakonsson & his wife Bergljot Thoresdatter (Tröndheim mid-winter [955]-murdered Trondheim 995). The Historia Norwegie names "Hacon" as son of "patre Siwardo, matre…Bergliota", recording thaat he appropriated the crown of Norway by his authority as jarl but did not take the title king. Snorre names "Hakon, the son of Earl Sigurd" when recording that he succeeded his father in Trondheim in opposition to King Harald. He was expelleed from Norway by King Harald, seeking refuge with Harald King of Denmark, whose invasion of Norway he supported in 965, and who appointed him governor over Rogaland, Hordaland, Sogn, Fjord-district, South More, Raumsdal and North More. Although he thus succeeded, with Danish help, in uniting large parts of Norway under his rule, he did not claim the title of King, assuming the position of Regent of Norway from [970]. King Harald of Denmark called for his help in defeating Emperor Otto who had invaded Jutland, but on his arrival at Limafjord on the island of Marsey he found that the Emperor and the Danish king had agreed a truce. He was forced to convert to Christianity although he renounced his new religion on returning to Norway. He defeated the fleet of the Jomsborg Vikings, led by Jarl Sigvaldi at Hjorungavag. He was killed during a revolt against his rule which had become more and more authoritarian. The Historia Norwegie records that he was murdered by "servus suus…Carcus" at Trondheim and his severed head taken to King Olav. Snorre recounts a similar story.
      m THORA Skagadatter, daughter of SKAGE Skoptason & his wife ---. Snorre records the marriage of "Earl Hakon" and "Thora, a daughter of the powerful Skage Skoptason".
      Haakon & his wife had four children:
      1. RAMVEIG . m THORGRIM Hardrefsson .
      2. SVEN Haakonsson Jarl (-1016). Snorre names "two sons, Svein and Heming, and a daughter Bergljot" as the children of "Earl Hakon" & his wife. The Historia Norwegie names "filii comitis Haconis, Sweino et Ericus" when recording that, after thheir father's murder, they fled to Denmark where they were received by "rege Sweinone". He fled to Olav King of Sweden after his father was killed. With his half-brother Erik, he defeated Olav I King of Norway in the naval battle at Svolder, tto revenge their father. The Historia Norwegie records that Svend King of Denmark appointed "filiis Haconis comitis" to rule Norway after King Olav was killed in battle, and that they ruled the country for 14 years. He was defeated in battle by Olav Haraldson, who succeeded as Olav II King of Norway, escaping to Sweden where he died soon after. m HOLMFRID, daughter of [ERIK "Segersäll/the Victorious" King of Sweden] & [his wife Sigrid "Storråda/the Haughty"]. Snorre records the betrothal of "Svein, a son of Earl Hakon, and Earl Eirik's brother" and "Holmfrid, a daughter of King Olaf the Swedish king", although it is chronologically more probable that she was the sister rather than daughter of King Olav. Sven & his wife had two children:
      a) SIGRID Svensdatter. Snorre records the marriage of "Gunhild, Earl Svein's daughter" and "Aslak, Erling's son". m (1015) ASLAK Erlingsson, son of ERLING Skjalgsson & his wife Astrid Trygvesdatter (-1028).
      b) GUNHILD Svensdatter (-after 1060). Her parentage is referred to in Knytlinga Saga. Snorre records that "Gunhild, Earl Svein's other daughter" was married to "the Danish king Svein Ulfson". The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified. Adam of Bremen refers to the marriage of "rex iuvenis Suein" and "consanguineam a Suedia", the king being threatened with excommunication by the Archbishop of Bremen and papal letters, his wife being named "Gunhild [vel Giuthe] reginam" in a later passage which records that after her separation she devoted herself to charitable activities on her estates. m firstly ANUND JAKOB King of Sweden, son of OLUF "Skotkonung" King of Sweden & his wife Estrith of the Abotrites (-[1052]). m secondly ([1052], divorced 1054) as his first wife, SVEND II King of Denmark, son of ULF Thrugilson & his wife Estrid [Margrete] Svendsdatter of Denmark ([1020]-Søderup [29] Apr 1074, bur Roskilde Cathedral).
      3. HEMING . Snorre names "two sons, Svein and Heming, and a daughter Bergljot" as the children of "Earl Hakon" & his wife.
      4. BERGLJOT (-after 1050). Snorre names "two sons, Svein and Hemin, and a daughter Bergljot" as the children of "Earl Hakon" & his wife, recording that Bergljot later married "Einar Tabaskielfer". m EINAR Thambarskelfir (-killed in battle 1050).
      a) EINDRID Einarsson (-killed in battle 1050). Snorre names Eindride as son of "Einar Tambaskelfer" & his wife. m SIGRID Kettilsdatter, daughter of KETTIL Kalf & his wife Gunhild Sigurdsdatter of Norway. Snorre names "Sigrid, a daughter of Ketil Kalf and Gunhild, King Harald's sister" as the wife of Eindride, son of "Einar Tambaskelfer".
      b) ALOF Einarsdatter . m THORD Folesson (-killed in battle 29 Jul [31 Aug] 1030).
      Haakon had five illegitimate children by unknown mistresses:
      5. ERIK Haakonsson (-[1023/24]). Snorre records the birth of Eirik to Earl Hakon and "a girl of mean birth" in the Uplands and that he was fostered with "Thorleif the Wise, who dwelt in Medaldal". The Historia Norwegie names "filii comitis Hacconis, Sweino et Ericus" when recording that, after their father's murder, they fled to Denmark where they were received by "rege Sweinone". He was installed as governor of Vingulmark and Raumarike by Harald King of Denmark 974. He fled to Olav King of Sweden after his father was killed. With his half-brother Sven, he defeated Olav I King of Norway in the naval battle at Svolder, to revenge their father. He was appointed regent in Norway in 1000 by his father-in-law Svend King of Denmark. The Historia Norwegie records that Svend King of Denmark appointed "filiis Haconis comitis" to rule Norway after King Olav was killed in battle, and that they ruled the country for 14 years. He left Norway for England, after he was apppointed Earl of Northumbria by King Knud in 1016. However, Olav II took advantage of his departure to wrest power and impose himself as King of all Norway. m ([996]) GYDA Svendsdatter, [illegitimate] daughter of SVEND I "Tveskæg/Forkbeard" King of Denmark. Snorre records the marriage of Eirik and Gyda, daughter of King Svend, in 996. Erik & his wife had one child:
      a) HAAKON Eriksson ([997/98]-drowned Pentland Firth 1030 before 29 Jul). Snorre records the birth of Haakon, son of Eirik & his wife the year after his parents' marriage. He left Norway in [1016/17] after being captured by King Olav, finding refuge in England with King Canute. Jarl in Norway, he was installed as regent of Norway 1028 by Knud King of Denmark after the expulsion of King Olav II. According to Florence of Worcester, "Hakon a Danish earl who had married the noble lady Gunilda, his [=King Canute's] sister's daughter by Wyrtgeorn king of the Winidi" was banished from England in 1029 by King Canute "for he feared that the earl would take either his life or his kingdom". He was drowned while returning to Norway from England. m ([1029]) as her first husband, GUNHILD of the Wends, daughter of BURISLAW Prince of the Wends & his wife [Tyre Haraldsdatter of Denmark] (-after 1045). Florence of Worcester names "the noble lady Gunhilda daughter of king Wyrtgeorn by Canute's sister and successively the wife of earls Hakon and Harold" when recording that she was banished from England in 1044 with her two sons Haakon and Harald and went to Bruges, later to Denmark. It is not, however, certain that Gunhild was the daughter of Burislaw by his wife Tyre of Denmark. If this was the case, she was the first cousin of her first husband. Gunhild is named "kinswoman of King Cnut" in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, when recording that she was expelled from England in 1045 and for a long time thereafter lived at Bruges before going to Denmark. She married secondly ([1031]) Harald Thorkilsen Jarl. Haakon & his wife had one child:
      i) BODIL Haakonsdotter. m ULF Jarl in Denmark "Galicienfari", son of ---.
      Erik had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:
      b) SVEIN . Snorre names "Eirik's sons Hakon and Svein", but implies that he was not the son of Eirik's wife.
      6. SIGURD . 986.
      7. ERLAND (-killed in battle 995). Snorre records that he was killed fighting Olav Trygvason.
      8. ERLING (-killed in battle [986]).
      9. RAGNHILD Haakonsdatter. Snorre names Ragnhild as an illegitimate daughter of Haakon whom her father married to "Skopte Skagason, a brother of Thora" (the latter being Haakon's wife). Snorre names Orm as the son of "Ragnhild, a daughter of Earl Hakon the Great". Morkinskinna names “Ingibjorg, daughter of Hákon jarl” as mother of “one of King Magnus´s chieftains…Ormr”. m firstly SKOPTI Skagasson, son of SKAGE Skoptason & his wife ---. Snorre records that he was killed by his brother-in-law Erik Haakonson. m secondly EILIV, son of ---.”

      “Håkon, Jarl of Hlader. Earl Håkon, Sigurd's son, was with the Danish king, Harald Gormson, the winter after he had fled from Norway before Gunhild's sons. During the winter (A.D. 969) the earl had so much care and sorrow that he took to bed, and passed many sleepless nights, and ate and drank no more than was needful to support his strength. Then he sent a private message to his friends north in Throndhjem, and proposed to them that they should kill King Erling, if they had an opportunity; adding, that he would come to them in summer. The same winter the Throndhjem people accordingly, as before related, killed King Erling. There was great friendship between Earl Håkon and Gold Harald, and Harald told Håkon all his intentions. He told him that he was tired of a ship-life, and wanted to settle on the land; and asked Håkon if he thought his brother King Harald would agree to divide the kingdom with him if he asked it. "I think," replied Håkon, "that the Danish king wowould not deny thy right; but the best way to know is to speak to the king himself. I know for certain so much, that you will not get a kingdom if you don't ask for it." Soon after this conversation Gold Harald spoke to the king about the matterr, in the presence of many great men who were friends to both; and Gold Harald asked King Harald to divide the kingdom with him in two equal parts, to which his royal birth and the custom of the Danish monarchy gave him right. The king was highly incensed at this demand, and said that no man had asked his father Gorm to be king over half of Denmark, nor yet his grandfather King Hordaknut, or Sigurd Orm, or Ragnar Lodbrok; and he was so exasperated and angry, that nobody ventured to speak of it to him.”««s48»», ««s87»» [1, 2]
    Person ID I9609  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2019 

    Father Sigurd HÅKONSSON, Jarl in Tröndheim,   d. 962 
    Mother Bergljot THORESDTR,   b. Abt 920, Norway Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F3414  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Thora SKAGADTR AV MØRE,   b. Abt 950,   d. Abt 990  (Age ~ 40 years) 
    Children 
     1. Ramveig HAAKONSDTR
    +2. Sven HAAKONSSON, Jarl
     3. Heming HAAKONSSON
    +4. Bergljot HÅKONSDTR,   b. Abt 993
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2019 
    Family ID F3412  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Unknown MISTRESSES 
    Children 
     1. Erik HAAKONSSON,   d. 1023/24
     2. Sigurd HAAKONSSON
     3. Erland HAAKONSSON,   d. 995
     4. Erling HAAKONSSON,   d. 986
     5. Ragnhild HAAKONSDTR
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2019 
    Family ID F4841  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
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  • Sources 
    1. [S48] Ancestors of the Obrocks of Quincy, Illinois., Obrock, Paul E., Dr.

    2. [S87] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy., Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Trustees.