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Alfonso IX, King of León and Galicia

Male 1171 - 1230  (59 years)


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  • Name Alfonso IX  
    Suffix King of León and Galicia 
    Born 15 Aug 1171 
    Gender Male 
    Died 24 Sep 1230 
    Notes 
    • ‘Infante don ALFONSO de León, son of don FERNANDO II King of León & his first wife Infanta dona Urraca de Portugal (Zamora 15 Aug 1171-Villanueva de Sarría 24 Sep 1230, bur Santiago de Compostela, Cathedral Santiago el Mayor). The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “mense Februario…in die Ascensionis Domini” (presumably an error) in 1171 of “Rex Alfonsus filius Regis Fernandi et Dñæ Orace Reginæ”. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Aldefonsus rex Legionis" as son of "Fernando [frater regis Sanctii]". He succeeded his father in 1188 as don ALFONSO IX King of León and Galicia. He held the first documented Cortes in León in 1188, attended by duly elected representatives of towns as well as nobles and ecclesiasts. The Pope excommunicated him because of his first marriage, between cousins without papal dispensation, and placed León under an interdict until Alfonso agreed to a separation. Another dispute broke out with the church after he married his second wife, also his first cousin, from whom he was also obliged to separate. He succeeded in 1217 as don ALFONSO IX King of Castile, by right of his second wife and son. He successfully campaigned against the Moors, capturing Lazeres, Merida, Elvas, Badajoz and several towns in Extremadura in 1228. The Anales Toledanos record the death in 1230 “en Villanneva de Saria” of “el Rey Don Alfonso de Leon, Padre del Rey D. Fernando”.
      m firstly (Guimarães 15 Feb 1191, separated 1195, annulled for consanguinity 1198) his first cousin, Infanta dona TERESA de Portugal, daughter of dom SANCHO I “o Pobledor” King of Portugal & his wife Dulce de Barcelona ([1176]-Lorvano 17/18 Juun 1250, bur Lorvano, Cistercian monastery of Nuestra Señora de la Expectación). The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes records the marriage of "Tarasiam", other daughter of "Rex…Sancius", and "Aldefonso Regi Legionensi", specifying that the union was incestuous. Nun at Lorvano 1200. Co-founder of the Dominican convent at Coimbra. Beatified 23 Dec 1705 by Pope Clement XI.
      m secondly (Valladolid Dec, before 17, 1197, separated 1204 before 19 Jun) as her second husband, his first cousin, Infanta doña BERENGUELA de Castilla, daughter of don ALFONSO VIII King of Castile & his wife Eleanor of England (Jan/Jun 1180-Las Huelgas 8 Nov 1246). The Chronicon de Cardeña records that “Rey D. Alfonso de Leon” married “D. Alfonso…so fija Doña Berenguela”. The Crónica Latina records that “doña Berenguela, hija del rey de Castilla” was married to “el rey de León”, when peace was established being Castile and León following the defeat at the battle of Alarcos, despite being related in the 2nd degree of consanguinity. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Henricum qui iuvenis obiit et quinque sorores, prima Berengaria…secunda Urraca, tertia regina Francie, quarta Alienor, quinta Constantia monialis" as children of "sorore regis Anglie Richardi…Alienor…soror ex alio patre comitisse Marie Campaniensis", specifying that Berengaria was wife of "regi Legionensi id est regi Galicie…Alfunsus" and mother of "Fernandum successorem regis parvi in Castella et Toledo" and recording their marriage was initially permitted by Pope Innocent III despite consanguinity but subsequently prohibited, after which Berengaria became a Cistercian nun at Burgos. Her second marriage, arranged by her father as part of the peace process with León, caused religious fury because of the close relationship of the parties. Pope Innocent III excommumunicated the couple, placed Castile and León under an interdict, and eventually annulled the marriage though agreed that their Children remained legitimate. Infanta Berenguela became a nun at Las Huelgas 1204, after separating from her husband. Regent for her brother Enrique I 1214, she became heiress in her own right to Castile, Toledo and Extremadura on his death but immediately ceded her rights to her son Infante don Fernando. She retired from public life in 1230, after transferring full power to her son. The Chronicon de Cardeña records the death in 1240 of “la Reyna Doña Berenguela, madre del Rey D. Fernando”. The necrology of the Prieuré de Fontaines records the death "31 Oct" of "domina Berengeria, regina Castille et Toleti, soror domine Blanche Francorum regine".
      Mistress (1): [1195] ---. The name of the first mistress of King Alfonso IX is not known. She was "of modest antecedents".
      Mistress (2): [1195] doña INÉS Íñiguez de Mendoza, daughter of don ÍÑIGO López de Mendoza Señor de Llodio [Governor in Soria and Burgos] & his wife doña María García Salvadórez. The mid-14th Century Nobiliario of don Pedro de Portugal Conde de Barcelós names “doña Inés de Mendoza de Ganza” as mother of “doña Urraca Alonso, la hija del rey don Alonso de Leon”.
      Mistress (3): [1206-1210] doña ALDONZA Martínez de Silva, daughter of don MARTÍN Gómez Señor de Silva & his wife doña Urraca Ruiz de Cabrera. Living 1232. She married (after 1210) don DIEGO Froilaz, son of --- (-1246), Governor of Rueda (1219), Mansilla (1224) and Viñayo.
      Mistress (4): [1210-1215] doña ESTEFANÍA Pérez, daughter of don PEDRO Arias de Limia [Mayordomo Mayor of King Fernando II of León] & his wife doña Constanza Osorio (-1249 or after). She was given the realengo of Villamayor in 1215, but in 1249 granted it to the monastery of Melón. She married don RODRIGO Suárez, son of don SUERO Díaz, Merino Mayor of Galicia.
      Mistress (5): [1215-1220] doña MAURA --- (-bur Salamanca Cathedral). She was "probably of modest origins".
      Mistress (6): [1220-1230] doña TERESA Gil de Soverosa, daughter of don GIL Vázquez de Soverosa & his wife doña María Arias Fornelos. Living 1251.
      King Alfonso IX & his first wife had three children:
      1. Infanta doña SANCHA de León (Autumn 1191-Villabuena before 1243, bur monastery of Villabuena de Carracedo). The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "filium…Fernandum et filias Sanciam et Dulcem" as the children of "Aldefonso Regi Legionensi" and his wife Teresa, specifying that Fernando and Sancha were deceased at the time of writing. She became a nun in 1217 at the monastery of Villabuena de Carracedo[568]. Betrothed ([1216]) to her second cousin, ENRIQUE I King of Castile, son of don ALFONSO VIII King of Castile & his wife Eleanor of England (Valladolid 14 Apr 1204-Palencia 6 Jun 1217, bur Las Huelgas, Cistercian monastery of Santa María la Real).
      2. Infante don FERNANDO de León ([1192/93]-Aug 1214, bur Santiago de Compostela, Cathedral of Santiago el Mayor). The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "filium…Fernandum et filias Sanciam et Dulcem" as the children of "Aldefonso Regi Legionensi" and his wife Teresa, specifying that Fernando and Sancha were deceased at the time of writing. The Anales Toledanos record the death “Lunes en Agosto” in 1214 of “el Infant, fillo del Rey de Leon”. Betrothed (1204) to Infanta doña MAFALDA de Castilla, daughter of don ALFONSO VIII “el Noble/él de las Navas” King of Castile & his wife Eleanor of England (1191-Salamanca 1204, bur Salamanca Cathedral).
      3. Infanta doña DULCE de León ([1193/94]-monastery of Villabuena de Carracedo 1248, before 8 Jul, bur Zamora). The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "filium…Fernandum et filias Sanciam et Dulcem" as the children of "Aldefonso Regi Legionensi" and his wife Teresa, specifying that Dulce was unmarried at the time of writing[571]. Señora de Valdeorras 1237.
      King Alfonso IX & his second wife had five children:
      4. Infanta doña LEONOR de León (1198-12 Nov 1202, bur León, monastery of San Isidoro).
      5. Infanta doña CONSTANZA de León (1 May 1200-Las Huelgas 7 Sep 1242, bur Las Huelgas). Nun at Las Huelgas [1205].
      6. Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla y León (Monte de Valparaíso [30 Jul/5 Aug] 1201-Seville 30 May 1252, bur Seville, Cathedral Santa María). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Henricum qui iuvenis obiit et quinque sorores, primima Berengaria…secunda Urraca, tertia regina Francie, quarta Alienor, quinta Constantia monialis" as children of "sorore regis Anglie Richardi…Alienor…soror ex alio patre comitisse Marie Campaniensis", specifying that Berengaria was wife of "regi Legionensi id est regi Galicie" and mother of "Fernandum successorem regis parvi in Castella et Toledo". He succeeded his maternal uncle in 1217 as don FERNANDO III “el Santo” King of Castile, Toledo and Extremadura.
      7. Infante don ALFONSO de León (Autumn 1202-Salamanca 6 Jan 1272, bur Ciudad Real, castle of Calatrava-la-Nueva). The Chronicon de Cardeña names “Infant D. Alfonso…de Molina…hermano del Rey D. Ferrando”. Señor de Soria 1223. Señor de Molina y Mesa 1240.
      8. Infanta doña BERENGUELA de Castilla y León (1204-Constantinople 12 Apr 1237, bur Constantinople). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the wife of "rex Ierusalem Iohannes" as daughter of "Berengaria" and "regi Legionensi id est regi Galicie" and in a later passage records the marriage of "rex Iohannes Ierosolimitanus" and "filia regis Gallicie, sororem Fernandi de Castella", but in neither place is she named. The Chronique de Guillaume de Nangis records the marrrriage in 1223 of "le roi de Castille…sa sœur Bérengère, nièce de Blanche reine de France" and "Jean roi de Jérusalem". The necrology of Maubuisson records the death "II Id Apr" of "Berengaria imperatrix Constantinopolitane". "Jehan fiuz le roroy Jehan de Jherusalem, bouteillier de France" instituted masses for "nostre pere le roy Jehan de Jherusalem et empereur de Costantinoble…et madame Berangiere sa fame jadis nostre mere" in the church of St Paul, Paris by charter dated Oct 1294. m (Toledo 1224) as his third wife, JEAN de Brienne King of Jerusalem, son of ERARD II Comte de Brienne & Agnès de Nevers ([1170]-Constantinople 23 Mar 1237, bur Constantinople). Elected Emperor of Constantinople 1231.
      King Alfonso IX had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):
      9. don PEDRO Alfonso ([1196]-1226). Gran Maestre of Santiago 1225. m ---. The name of Pedro's wife is not known. Pedro & his wife had one child:
      a) don ALFONSO Pérez ([1215]-). He was invested as Señor de Monreal by the Order of Santiago. m (Toledo) doña INÉS Gutiérrez de Paramo, daughter of don GUTIERRE Fernández de Paramo.
      Pedro had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:
      b) [don FERNANDO Pérez ([1225]-20 May 1242, bur Toledo, convent of Santa Fé of the Order of Santiago). He was the "doubtful son" of don Pedro Alfonso according to Szabolcs de Vajay. The author highlights that the epitaph of don Fernando Pérez stresses his royal origin, but suggests that this could also identify a member of the Castro family, descended from the royal house of Navarre, an early version of whose arms appears on the tomb.]
      King Alfonso IX had one illegitimate child by Mistress (2):
      10. doña URRACA Alfonso de León ([1197]-[1242/1258]). The mid-14th Century Nobiliario of don Pedro de Portugal Conde de Barcelós records that “don Lope Diaz” married “doña Urraca Alonso, la hija del rey don Alonso de Leon è de doña Inés de Mendoza de Ganza”. m ([1215, before 25 Dec 1218]) don LOPE Díaz de Haro “Cabeza brava” Señor Soberano de Vizcaya, Señor de Haro, son of don DIEGO López Conde de Haro Señor Soberano de Vizcaya & his first wife doña María Manrique de Lara (1192-18 Oct 1236, bur Nájera, monastery Santa María).
      King Alfonso IX had two illegitimate children by Mistress (3):
      11. don RODRIGO Alfonso ([1210]-after 1252). Señor de Aliger and Castro del Río. Adelantado Mayor on the border with Andalucía. Governor of Zamora 1249. After the conquest of Seville, he received Castilleja de Talavaca in Andalucía in 1249. m doña INÉS Rodríguez de Cabrera, daughter of don RODRIGO Fernández de Cabrera “el Féo de Valdorna” Señor de Cabrera y Ribera & his wife doña Sancha Ramírez Froilaz. Rodrigo & his wife had two children:
      a) doña ALDONZA Rodríguez ([1250]-). Heiress of Aliger. m ([1265]) don ESTEBAN Fernández de Castro, son of --- (-after 1288). Señor de Lemos and Sarría.
      b) don JUAN Rodríguez (-young).
      12. doña ALDONZA Alfonso de León ([1212]-1266, bur Cistercian monastery of Nuestra Señora de Nogales). m firstly don DIEGO Ramírez Froilaz Señor de Mansilla y Rueda. He was the nephew of his wife's stepfather. m secondly (1230) don PEDRO Ponce Señor del Valle de Aria, son of don PONCE Velas & his wife doña Teresa Rdoruez de Cisneros (-1264, bur Nogales, Chapel San Benito).
      King Alfonso IX had one illegitimate child by Mistress (4):
      13. don FERNANDO Alfonso ([1211]-young).
      King Alfonso IX had one illegitimate child by Mistress (5):
      14. don FERNANDO Alfonso ([1215/18]-Salamanca 10 Jan 1278, bur Salamanca Cathedral). Dean of Santiago, Archdean of Salamanca. Known as “El Dean”. Canon of León and Santiago de Compostela. Mistress (1): doña ALDARA López de Ulloa, widow of don GÓMEZ García, daughter of don LOPE Rodríguez de Ulloa & his wife doña Teresa Fernández de Lima. Fernando had one child by Mistress (1):
      a) don JUAN Fernández "Cabellos de Oro" (-Salamanca 1303, bur Salamanca Cathedral). Adelantado Mayor de la Frontera [with Andalucía]. Merino Mayor of Galicia. Mayordomo Mayor of King Sancho IV 10 Dec 1288-21 Nov 1292. m firstly doña MARÍA Andrés de Castro, daughter of don ANDRÉS Fernández de Castro & his wife doña Mencía Rodríguez Girón (-1282). m secondly (after 1282) doña JUANA Núñez de Lara Señora de Valdenebro, daughter of don NUÑO Fernández de Lara Señor de Valdenebro & his wife doña Inés Íñiguez de Mendoza (bur Salamanca Cathedral). Juan & his first wife had two children:
      i) don JUAN Fernández. Living 10 May 1305.
      ii) don ALFONSO Fernández. Living 10 May 1305.
      King Alfonso IX had four illegitimate children by Mistress (6):
      15. doña SANCHA Alfonso de León (1220-Cozuelos de Ojeda 25 Jul 1270, bur Cozuelos de Ojeda, monastery of Santa Eufemia of the Santiago Order, removed 1608 to Toledo, Convent of Santa Fé of the Santiago Order). There was an unsuccessful attempt to beatify her around the time her remains were removed to Toledo. Maybe m as his first wife, don SIMÓN (né Ximeno) Roíz de los Cameros Señor de los Cameros ([1230]-murdered Trevino 1277). He married secondly as her second husband, doña Beatriz Fadrique, daughter of Infante don Fadrique de Castilla.
      16. doña MARÍA Alfonso de León ([1222]-after 1252). m firstly ([1236]) don ÁLVAR Fernández de Lara Señor de Lara, son of don FERNANDO Núñez de Lara Señor de Castrogeriz & his wife doña Mayor González (-1239). Mistress ([1240]) of, her nephewew, Infante don ALFONSO de Castilla, son of don FERNANDO III "el Santo" King of Castile and León & his first wife Elisabeth von Hohenstaufen (Toledo 23 Nov 1221-Seville 4 Apr 1284, bur Seville, Cathedral Santa María) . He succeeded his father in 1252 as don ALFONSO X "el Sabio" King of Castile and León. m secondly ([after 1240]) as his second wife, don SUERO Arias de Valladares “Sarraça”.
      17. don MARTIN Alfonso de León ([1225]-1274, bur Salamanca, convent Santa Espiritu of the Santiago Order). Knight of the Order of Santiago. m dona MARIA Mendes de Sousa, daughter of don MENDO González de Sousa & his wife doña Teresa Alfonso Téllez de Meneses Señora de Villa-García (-after 1276, bur Salamanca, convent Santa Espiritu of the Santiago Order).
      18. doña URRACA Alfonso de León (1228-after 1252). m firstly as his second wife, don GARCÍA Romeu II Señor de Tormos, Pradilla and El Frago. m secondly (before 1264) as his second wife, don PEDRO Núñez de Guzmán Señor de Guzmán, son of --- (-after 1264). Señor de Gaçullorva near Aznalfarache 1252, which became the nucleus of the estates of Guzmán in Andalucía. Governor of Pernia 1264. No issue.
      King Alfonso IX had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:
      19. m MAYOR Alfonso . m don RODRIGO Gómez de Traba, son of don GÓMEZ Gónzalez de Traba & his second wife doña Miraglia de Urgel. Conde. Tenente de Trastámara, Monteroso, Montenegro y Sarria.”««s87»» [1]
    Person ID I14836  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 28 Nov 2019 

    Father Fernando II, King of León,   b. 1137, Toledo, Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Jan 1188, Benavente, Zamora, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years) 
    Mother Urraca, de Portugal,   b. Abt 1151, Coimbra, Coimbra Municipality, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Oct 1188, Valladolid, Vallodolid Province, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 37 years) 
    Married Abt 1165 
    Family ID F5105  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Teresa, de Portugal 
    Children 
     1. Sancha, de León,   b. 1191,   d. Bef 1243  (Age < 51 years)
     2. Fernando, de León,   b. 1192/93,   d. Aug 1214  (Age 21 years)
     3. Dulce, de León
    Last Modified 28 Nov 2019 
    Family ID F5191  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Berenguela, de Castilla,   b. 1180,   d. 8 Nov 1246  (Age 66 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Fernando III “el Santo”, King of Castile and León,   b. 1199/1201, Peleas de Arriba, Zamora, Castilla y León, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 May 1252, Seville, Andalucia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years)
     2. Leonor, de León
     3. Constanza, de León
     4. Alfonso, de León,   b. 1202,   d. 6 Jan 1272  (Age 70 years)
     5. Berenguela, de Castilla y León,   b. 1204,   d. 12 Apr 1237  (Age 33 years)
    Last Modified 28 Nov 2019 
    Family ID F5104  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S87] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy., Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Trustees.