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Guillaume I “le Grand”, Comte Palatin de Bourgogne

Male Abt 1024 - 1087  (~ 63 years)

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  • Name Guillaume I “le Grand”  
    Suffix Comte Palatin de Bourgogne 
    Born Abt 1024 
    Gender Male 
    Died 12 Nov 1087 
    • “GUILLAUME de Bourgogne, son of RENAUD I Comte Palatin de Bourgogne & his [first] wife Adelais [Judith] de Normandie ([1024]-12 Nov 1087, bur Besançon). Guillaume de Jumièges names "Guillaume et Gui" as the two sons of "Renaud comte de Bourgogne" and Adelise. His parentage is given by Orderic Vitalis. He succeeded his father in 1057 as GUILLAUME I "le Grand" Comte Palatin de Bourgogne. For about ten years he fought his brother Guy ex-Comte de Brionne who attempted to dispossess him. He was one of the princes called upon by Pope Gregory VII in 1074 to help defend St Peter's. He succeeded in 1078 as Comte de Mâcon, when his cousin Guy [II] Comte de Mâcon entered holy orders.
      m ([1049/57]) ETIENNETTE, daughter of --- ([1035]-after 19 Oct 1088). Szabolcs de Vajay demonstrates that his early hypothesis concerning a Lotharingian origin of Etiennette is incorrect. According to Père Anselme, she was the daughter of Bereenguer Ramón I "el Curvo" Conde de Barcelona, but there appears to be no contemporary documentation on which this is based. Settipani suggests that Etiennette may have been the daughter of Bernard [II] Comte de Bigorre & his first wife Clémence, based solely on onomastics, but the possible reason for a marriage between these two families has not been identified. A possible indication of her origin is provided by William of Tyre who specifies that Pope Calixtus II (Etiennette's son) wwas "consanguineus" of Emperor Heinrich V. The precise relationship has not yet been identified. It is possible that it is through Etiennette's family. Another clue may be provided by the Liber de Restauratione Sancti Martini Tornacensis which names "Hiolendem, filiam Gerardi Babinbergensis comitis" [Gerhard Graf von Wassenberg], when recording her marriage to Baudouin III Comte de Hainaut, and specifies that Yolande was "neptem Clementia Flandrensis comitissa". The relationship between Yolande and Ctss Clémence has not been established, but the obvious interpretation of the text is that Yolande's mother may have been the daughter of Guillaume II "le Grand" Comte de Bourgogne, and therefore the sister of Clémence (see below). This is far from certain. Another possibility is that "neptem" should be interpreted more broadly, and that Graf Gerhard's wife was a relative of Etiennette, who was Clémence's mother.
      Comte Guillaume I & his wife had [fourteen] children:
      1. EUDES de Bourgogne (-before 12 Nov 1087). Comte Guillaume donated property to Besançon cathedral in memory of his "late son Otto".
      2. RENAUD (-Palestine 1097 or Summer 1101). "Rainaldus comes Matisconensis" made a donation to Cluny dated [1086] subscribed by "Willelmi patris mei". His father installed him in [1078] as Comte de Mâcon. He succeeded his father in 1087 as RENAUD II Comte Palatin de Bourgogne. He joined the First Crusade, appointing his younger brother Etienne as regent of Bourgogne-Comté during his absence. He left for Jerusalem before the Lombard expedition and passed the winter in Antioch. Alblbert of Aix records that he joined Welf I Duke of Bavaria on his journey to Jerusalem, but died and was buried en route. If this is correct, Renaud must have died in Summer 1101. m (before [1085]) REGINA [Kuniza] von Oltingen, daughter of KUNO Graf von Oltingen & his wife --- de Luxembourg (-after 12 Apr 1107). "Regina ex prosapia non obscura…comitis Cononis filia qui frater extit Conraldi viri…in itinere Jerosolimitano defuncti, generi nimirum comitis Pictaviensis" donated property to the abbey of Marcigny-sur-Loire where she was about to become a nun by charter dated 1088, which states that "me maritalis jugi sarcina exoneravit" suggesting an amicable separation from her husband. The references in this charter to "Conraldi" and "comitis Pictaviensis" have not been deciphered. The charter dated 1095 under which "Guillelmus comes" donated property to Marcigny-sur-Loire names "mater mea Cuniza Cononis filia". She is named "mater mea Regina" in her son's 1107 charter which also names her father "avi ac nutritoris mei Cononis comitis". Comte Renaud II & his wife had one child:
      a) GUILLAUME ([1085]-murdered after 3 Jan 1125). His parentage is confirmed by his charter dated 12 Sep 1095 under which "Guillelmus comes filio Rainaldi" confirmed a donation by "mater mea Cuniza Cononis filia" to the abbey of Marcigny-sur-Loire. His charter dated 1107 (see below) indicates that Guillaume was brought up with his maternal grandfather, receiving a German rather than French education, hence his subsequent nickname. He succeeded his father in 1097 as GUILLAUME II "l'Allemand" Comte Palatin de Bourgogne, Comte de Mâcon. "Comes Willelmus quem vocabant Alamannum" granted concessions relating to the town of Auxerre in Macon to Cluny by charter 1106. "Willelmus Burgundionum comes et Mathicensium" confirmed prevvious donations by "antecessores mei…Rainaldus pater meus filius Willelmi, et ipse Willelmus filius alterius Rainaldi, et ipse Rainaldus filius alterius Willelmi et…Stephanus comes patruus meus…mater mea Regina" to Cluny by charter 1107 before 13 Aug made "pro…anime…avi ac nutritoris mei Cononis comitis". He was murdered by his barons, who claimed that he had been carried away by the devil following his abuses of church property. m ([1107]) AGNES von Zähringen, daughter of BERTHOLD II Herzog von Zähringen & his wife Agnes von Rheinfelden. The Relatio Piis Operibus Ottonis Episcopi Bambergensis names "Agnate palatina comitissa", implying that she was sister of "Chuno dux". This is confirmed by the Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising which names her son "Gwillehelmus…puer…ex parte patris consanguineus, Conradi vero ducis sororis filius". Comte Guillaume II & his wife had one child:
      i) GUILLAUME ([1110]-murdered Payerne, Switzerland 1 Mar 1127). A charter of Saint-Vincent-de-Mâcon dated to [1126/43] refers to "post mortem comitis Willelmi et Alemani patris alterius Willelmi". The Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising namemes "Gwillehelmus…puer…ex parte patris consanguineus, Conradi vero ducis sororis filius". He succeeded his father in 1125 as GUILLAUME III "l'Enfant" Comte Palatin de Bourgogne, Comte de Mâcon. "Guilelmum comitem Sedunensium" was murdered "1127 III Kal Mar" in the church of Payerne "at the instigation of demons". After his death, his maternal uncle Konrad I Herzog von Zähringen claimed the county of Burgundy, and Lothar von Süpplingenburg King of Germany conferred the territory on him.
      3. GUILLAUME de Bourgogne (-before 1090). He is named in Europäische Stammtafeln as the third son of Comte Guillaume but the primary source on which this is based has not been identified.
      4. ERMENTRUDE de Bourgogne ([1050/55][52]-1106 or after, bur Autun Cathedral). "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis et filii sui Fridericus, Raginaudus, Theodericus" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…Lodewico, Sophia eius uxore, et filiis eorum Brunone, Theoderico, Lodewico, Friderico, filiabus vero Mathilde, Sophia, Beatrice, filiis autem Theoderici atque sue uxoris Hermentrudis, Lodewico, Wilelmo, Hugone", witnessed by "Henricus de Suarca cum genero suo Gerunch, Gotefridus filius avunculi eiusdem comitis [Friderici]". The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Ermentrudem" as wife of "Theodericum [filius comiti Montionis Ludovico]" specifying that she was heiress to Montbéliard. She retired to the château de Montbéliard after the death of her husband. She subscribed a sale act of her son Renaud in 1106. m ([1065]) THIERRY de Mousson, son of LOUIS Comte de Mousson & his wife Sophie of Upper Lotharingia ([1045]-1/2 Jan 1103, bur Autun Cathedral).
      5. GUY de Bourgogne (Château de Quingey [1060]-Rome 13 Dec 1124, bur Rome Lateran Church). Orderic Vitalis names his father[56], his parentage being confirmed by his own reference to his brother Hugues Archsbishop of Besançon in his letters. WWilliam of Tyre specifies that Pope Calixtus II was previously named "Guido", but does not specify his origin other than calling him "secundum carnem nobilis" and that he was "consanguineus" of Emperor Heinrich V. The birth order of the children of Guillaume I Comte Palatin de Bourgogne is uncertain. Most authorities place Guy after his brother Hugues, but if his supposed birth date is correct he must have been one of the older sons. Archbishop of Vienne 1088. Administrator of Besaançon 1107/09. A fierce critic of Pope Pascal II's capitulation to Emperor Heinrich V concerning the right to appoint bishops, Guy presided over a synod at Vienne Sep 1112 which declared the practice of lay investiture heretic and excommunicateed the emperor. He was elected Pope CALIXTUS II by a small group of cardinals, crowned at Vienne 9 Feb 1119, his election was ratified in Rome retrospectively 1 Mar 1119. After an attempt to negotiate a compromise with the emperor, he confirmed the prohibition of lay investiture at Reims 29/30 Oct 1119, moving on to Rome which he entered triumphantly 3 Jun 1120. He besieged Sutri, in Apr 1121 forced the surrender of anti-Pope Gregory VIII, whom he humiliated by parading him on a camel through Rome. From a position of power, he was able to negotiate the end to the emperor's right of spiritual investiture, while maintaining his right of temporal investiture, agreed in the Concordat of Worms 23 Sep 1122, ratified by the First Lateran Council Mar 1123. The Series Episcoporum Viennensium records the death "1124 XIV Kal Ian" of "sanctus Guido frater Stephani Burgundie principis", specifying that he was elected Bishop of Vienne in 1088 and was buried in Rome "in ecclesia Lateranensi"].
      6. ETIENNE [I] "Tête-Hardi" (-murdered Ascalon 27 May 1102). He and his brothers Raimond and Hugues called themselves sons of the "most noble count William" in a late-11th century document. He succeeded in [1087] as Comte de Mâcon, Seigneur de Varasque. He was regent of Bourgogne-Comté during the absence of his older brother on the First Crusade. He himself joined the Crusade some time after the death of his brother. He commanded troops with Etienne Comte de Blois; they were defeated by the Turks at Marsivam. William of Tyre records the presence at the second capture of Tortosa in 1102 of "Stephanus comes Burgundiæ". Albert of Aix records that he was captured at Ramla and beheaded. m ([1090]) BEATRIX de Lorraine, daughter of GERARD IV Duke of Upper Lotharingia [Lorraine] & his wife Hadwide --- (-[1116/17]). "Stephanus comes Burgundie et dominus de Treva" donated property to Cluny by charter dated [1100] in which he refers to his wife as "filia ducis Lotharingie" but does not name her. The primary source which names her has not yet been identified. Comte Etienne I & his wife had four children:
      a) ISABELLE de Mâcon ([1090/95]-after 1125). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Elizabeth sororem comitis Raynaldi de Burgundia" as wife of "Hugo comes Campanie", but the primary source which confirms their parentage has not yet been identified. m ([1110], repudiated) as his second wife, HUGUES I Comte de Troyes, son of THIBAUT III Comte de Blois & his third wife Alix de Valois ([1074]-Palestine 14 Jun 1126). Illegitimate son by an unknown father.
      i) EUDES "le Champenois" . The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Odonem…de Canlita" as son of "Hugo comes Campanie" & his [second] wife but specifies that "dictum est a phisicis comiti Hugoni…non habebat possibilitatem generandidi" and therefore that Eudes could not be his son. Hugues Comte de Troyes refused to acknowledge Eudes as his son, who must therefore be considered illegitimate. He is called nephew of Comte Renaud III and Comte Guillaume III in charters of the archbishop of Besançon. He was the ancestor of the family "de CHAMPLITTE".
      b) RENAUD de Mâcon (-22 Jan 1148 or 20 Jan 1149). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Elizabeth sororem comitis Raynaldi de Burgundia" as wife of "Hugo comes Campanie", but the primary source which confirms their parentage has noot yet been identified. He succeeded his father in 1102 as Comte de Mâcon, under the guardianship of his uncle Guy, who was then Archbishop of Vienne. He succeeded his second cousin in 1127 as RENAUD III Comte Palatin de Bourgogne. He defeateted Konrad I Herzog von Zähringen, who claimed Bourgogne-Comté after the death of his nephew Comte Palatin Guillaume II. However, after refusing to swear allegiance to Emperor Lothar for his imperial lands, Renaud was captured and brought beforore the emperor by Herzog Konrad and these territories were confiscated. He was known as "le franc-comte", the origin of the name of the area later known as Franche-Comté. The necrology of the Priory of Saint-Martin-des-Champs records the death "XVIII Kal Feb" of "Rainaldus comes". m ([1130]) AGATHE de Lorraine, daughter of SIMON II Duke of Lorraine & his wife Adélaïde de Hainaut. 1130/48. The Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising records the wife of Comte Renaud as "Simonis Lotharingiorum ducis filiam". Comte Renaud III refers to Agathe as his collateralis in a charter, which Bouchard suggests was a term not generally used to mean wife. She was first cousin once removed of her husband but no mention of a Papal dispensation for the marriage has so far been identified. Comte Renaud III & his wife had one child:
      i) BEATRIX de Bourgogne ([1145]-Jouhe near Dôle 15 Nov 1184, bur Speyer). The Continuatio Admuntensis records the marriage of Emperor Friedrich in 1156 to "Beatricem filiam Reginoldi comitis" after repudiating "filia Diepoldi marchionis". She succeeded her father in [1148/49] as BEATRIX Ctss Palatine de Bourgogne, under the regency of her uncle Guillaume. The latter attempted to usurp her titles but was defeated by Emperor Friedrich I, who later married Béatrix. She was crowned eempress at St Peter's in Rome 1 Aug 1167 by Pope Pascal III, and crowned Queen of Burgundy at Vienne Aug 1178. m (Würzburg 17 Jun 1156) as his second wife, Emperor FRIEDRICH I "Barbarossa" King of Germany, son of FRIEDRICH II von Staufen Duke of Swabia & his first wife Judith of Bavaria [Welf] (1122-drowned Göks or Saleph River, Asia Minor 10 Jun 1190, bur Tarsus [entrails], Antioch St Peter [flesh], Tyre Cathedral [legs]).
      c) GUILLAUME de Mâcon (-27 Sep 1155). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comes Renaldus [de Burgundia] fratrem comitem Guilelmum" when recording his marriage[75]. He succeeded in 1120 as Comte de Mâcon. Comte d'Auxonne 1127. He joined the Second Crusade 1147-1149. Regent of Bourgogne-Comté for his niece, he attempted to deprive her of her inheritance.
      d) CLEMENCE [Marguerite] de Mâcon (-Abbaye des Ayes [28 Jan/8 Feb] 1164, bur Abbaye des Ayes). A chronicle written by "Guillaume, chanoine de l´église cathédrale de Grenoble" records the marriage of "Stephani, Burgundiæ comitis filia, soror etiam…Rainaldi et Guillelmi comitum, neptisque…papæ Calixti" and "comitis Guigonis Dalphini" in celebrations conducted by "principe Guigone Veteri, eiusdem Guigonis patre". The Aymari Rivalli De Allobrogibus records that "Guigo secundus" married ""Macildam vel Clementiam filiam Stephani seu Sophini, Burgundiæ ducis, neptem papæ Claixti secundi". She founded the Abbaye des Ayes after the death of her husband. A monumental inscription at the abbey of Ayes, near Grenoble, records the death "VI Id Feb" in 1164 of "Margareta comitissa". The necrology of the priory of Saint-Robert records the death "VII Kal Jan" of "Margareta comitissa". m ([1120]) GUIGUES [VI] d'Albon Dauphin de Viennois, son of GUIGUES [V] d'Albon Dauphin de Viennois & his wife Mathilde --- ([1090/1100]-killed in battle La Buissière 28 Jun 1142, bur Notre Dame de Grenoble).
      e) HUMBERT (-1162). The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. Archbishop of Besançon 1134-1162.
      7. SIBYLLE de Bourgogne ([1065]-after 1103). "Sybilla uxor mea" witnessed the donation to Cluny of "Oddo dux Burgundie", also witnessed by "Wilelmus comes…genitor iam dicte uxoris mee". Her origin is also recorded by Orderic Vitalis. Nun at the Abbaye de Fontevrault. m (1080) EUDES I "Borel" Duke of Burgundy, son of HENRI de Bourgogne "le Damoiseau" & his wife --- ([1060]-Tarsus, Cilicia 23 Mar 1103, bur Abbaye de Cîteaux, Côte-d'Or, Chapelle Saint-Georges).
      8. [daughter . The Liber de Restauratione Sancti Martini Tornacensis names "Hiolendem, filiam Gerardi Babinbergensis comitis" [Gerhard Graf von Wassenberg], when recording her marriage to Baudouin III Comte de Hainaut, and specifies that Yolandnde was "neptem Clementia Flandrensis comitissa". The relationship between Yolande and Ctss Clémence has not been established, but this text suggests that Yolande's mother may have been the daughter of Guillaume II "le Grand" Comte de Bourgogne, and therefore the sister of Clémence. This is far from certain. Another possibility is that "neptem" should be interpreted more broadly, and that Graf Gerhard's wife was a relative of Etiennette, wife of Guillaume Comte de Bourgogne, whose origin is not known. m GERHARD Graf von Wassenberg, son of DIETRICH "Flamens" Graf & his wife --- (-before 9 Apr 1138).
      9. RAYMOND de Bourgogne ([1070]-Grajal 13/20 Sep 1107, bur Santiago de Compostela, Cathedral Santiago el Mayor). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Raymundem in Hispania comitem" as brother of "Hugo…Bisuntinensis archiepiscopus", when recording the latter's appointment as archbishop, although in a later passage the same source records "comitis Raymundi" as "fratris comitis Pontii de Tolosa" which is inconsistent with other sources. "Wilelmus comes Burgundie" names "Rainaldi et Raimundi filiorum meorum" in his donation to Cluny dated [1086]. "Raymundus…Burgundie comes filius Willermi…comitis" donated property to Saint-Bénigne de Dijon by charter dated to [1087/92] subscribed by "Hugonis archiepiscopi Bisuntiini fratris mei, Stephani comitis fratris mei". Comte d'Amous. He joined the expedition of the Eudes I Duke of Burgundy to Spain in 1086/87, following a call from the abbey of Cluny to fight "the infidel". Reilly suggests that he was betrotheed after the failure to capture Tudela in Summer 1087, when he speculates that the Burgundians would have visited the court of Castile. Raymond remained in Castile following his betrothal to Infanta Urraca. "Raymondus gener regis" confirmed the donation by "Adefonsus…Hispaniarum rex…cum coniuge mea Constantia regina" of property to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña by charter dated 1 May 1092. Conde de Galicia y Coimbra [before 1093], his father-in-law transferred the newly acquiired cities of Lisbon, Santarém and Cintra to him in May 1093. Governor of the city of Toledo. He made a mutual pact [Dec 1094/Jul 1095] with Henri de Bourgogne, Conde de Portugal, pledging to grant him Toledo (or in default, Galicia) in returrn for his support in securing Castile and León for Raimond. Conde de Grajal Jan 1098. "Raimundus comes frater comitis Stephani" donated property to Cluny by charter dated [1100]. He established his principal stronghold in the castle of Grajal in 1102. By this time, Raymond had acquired a commanding position in Castile as husband of the heir presumptive to the throne. A funeral elegy of "domnus Raymundus comes Hispanie qui de stirpe comitum Burgundie ortus" is recorded in the cartulary of Saint-Bénigne-de-Dijon in a charter dated 20 Sep 1107 which names "Hugo frater suus Bisuntinus archiepiscopus". m (betrothed [Summer 1087], Toledo [1 May 1092/Jan 1093]) as her first husband, Infanta doña URRACA de Castilla y León, dauughter of ALFONSO VI King of Castile and León & his third wife Constance de Bourgogne [Capet] (late 1080[95]-Saldaña 8 Mar 1126, bur León, Monastery of San Isidoro). Condesa de Galicia 1093. She succeeded her father in 1109 as URRACA I Queen of Castile and León.
      10. HUGUES de Bourgogne (-13 Sep 1103). He and his brothers Etienne and Raimond called themselves sons of the "most noble count William" in a late-11th century document[96]. Archbishop of Besançon 1086.
      11. GISELE de Bourgogne ([1075]-after 1133). Her parentage is deduced from Suger saying that her daughter Adelaide, wife of Louis VI "le Gros" King of France, was the niece of Pope Calixtus II[97]. This is corroborated by "Guido Viennensis arcrchiepiscopus" (later Pope Calixtus II) addressing a letter to "nepoti suo Amedeo comiti" (Amedée III Comte de Savoie, son of Gisèle by her first marriage) dated [1115]. Her date of birth is estimated from her having given birth to five childreen by her second husband whom she married in [1105], and assuming that she was no more than 17 years old when she gave birth to her first child by her first husband. Her second marriage is confirmed by Orderic Vitalis who records the marriage oof Guillaume de Normandie and the daughter of Raniero III Marchese di Monferrato, naming both the bride's parents and specifying that the marriage was arranged by the bride's uterine half-sister, Adélaïde de Maurienne Queen of France. m firstly ([1090]) HUMBERT II "le Renforcé" Comte de Maurienne et de Savoie, son of AMEDEE II Comte de Savoie Marchese di Susa & his wife Jeanne [de Genève] ([1072]-Moûtiers 19 Oct 1103, bur Moûtiers). Marchese di Turino 1094. m secondly ([1105]) RANIERI Marchese di Monferrato, son of GUGLIELMO III Marchese di Ravenna & his second wife Otta di Agledo (-[1135/37]).
      12. CLEMENCE de Bourgogne ([1078]-[1133]). "Clementie Flandrarum comitisse" is named as wife of "Robertus iunior" in the Cartulaire de Saint-Bertin. Orderic Vitalis names her as wife of Count Robert but does not give her origin. Her origin is confirmed by the Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana which names "Clementiam filiam Willelmi comitis Burgundionum cognomento Testahardith" as wife of "Rodbertus Rodberti filius". Clemence could not have been born much later than 1078, given the birth of her first child (by her first husband) in 1093. She was appointed regent in Flanders during the absence of her first husband on crusade. She promoted the monastic movement and introduced Cluniac rule into several abbeys in Flanders. She founded Bourbourg Abbey with her first husband in [1103]. "Balduinus Flandrensium comes et Clementia comitissa" confirmed the donation of the church of Saint-Bertin to Cluny made by "dominus meus Rotbertus comes", by charter 12 Apr 11112. She opposed the succession in 1119 of Count Charles, supporting the candidature of Guillaume d'Ypres. The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified. The Cartulaire de Saint-Bertin records the death iin [1133] of "Clementia Roberti iunioris vidua" and specifies that "eatenus pene terciam partem Flandrie dotis loco tenuit", although it is curious that this does not refer to her second husband who was still alive when his wife died. m firstly (before 1092) ROBERT de Flandres, son of ROBERT I "le Frison" Count of Flanders & his wife Gertrud von Sachsen (1065-5 Oct 1111). He succeeded his father in 1093 as ROBERT II Count of Flanders. m secondly ([1125]) as his second wife, GODEFROI V Duke of Lower Lotharingia, Comte de Louvain, son of HENRI II Comte de Louvain & his wife Adela [van Betuwe en Teisterbant] (-25 Jan 1139, bur Afflighem Abbey).
      13.[ETIENNETTE] de Bourgogne . 1108. Her origin is proved by her husband Lambert François naming "filium…Raynaldum…nepotem archiepiscopi Guidonis" in a charter dated 1095. Guy de Bourgogne, after his election as Pope Calixtus II sent a letter to Diego Bishop of Compostela recommending "Robertum Franciscum levirum suum" for a mission, "Robertum" presumably being a copyist's error for "Lambertum". The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. m LAMBERT FRANÇOIS de Valence Seigneur de Royans, de Peyrins et de Chabeuil, son of HUGUES Comte de Valence & his wife Adalasie de Peyrins. 1097/1125.
      14. [BERTHE de Bourgogne (-19 Apr 1097/98, bur Sahagún, León, royal monastery of Santos Facundo y Primitivo). The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Berta, who was of Tuscan descent" ("Bertam Tuscia oriundam") as the third of the "five legitimate wives" of King Alfonso. Las crónicas anónimas de Sahagún refer to her as "otra mugger de la nacion de Lombardia llamada Berta". The precise origin of Berta is not known. According to Europäische Stammtafeln, she was the daughter of Guillallaume I Comte Palatin de Bourgogne, Comte de Vienne et de Macon, which is inconsistent with the "Tuscan descent" reported in the Chronicon Regum Legionensium. Szabolcs de Vajay suggests that she was the daughter of Guillaume Comte de Bourgogne. Reilly does not mention this possible Burgundian origin of Berthe, implying that the Castilian king chose his third wife from outside the Burgundian circle in order to diminish the influence of the Burgundians at court. As Berthe de Bourgogne would have been the sister of Raymond de Bourgogne who married Infanta doña Urraca, oldest legitimate daughter of King Alfonso, around the same time that King Alfonso married Queen Berta, it is surprising that the chronicles do not refer to this relationship if it is correct. The references to "Tuscia" and "Lombardia" in the chronicles could be consistent with the family of Bourgogne [Comté] having originated in northern Italy, their ancestors being Marchesi of Ivrea until 968, althoough this was nearly 130 years before the date of Queen Berta's marriage. Reilly dates this marriage to "during the Christmas season of 1094", but does not state his source. In a later passage, Reilly states that the first reference to Berta aas queen is dated 28 Apr 1095. According to Reilly, Queen Berta died shortly after the new year 1100, probably before 16 Jan. In another passage, he notes that the last notice of her is dated 17 Nov 1099. She was dead in 25 Jan 1100, the date of the charter under which "Adefonsus…Toletani imperii rex" donated the churches of "Sancti Facundi et Sancti Primitivi…cum sua villa…Villaverde", ceded by "comitis Monini Fernandis…in vita sua dederam uxori mee Berte regine", to Cluny, confirirmed by "Raimundus totius Gallecie comes et gener regis, Urraca soror regis, Urraca regis filia et Raimundi comitis uxor, Enricus Portugalensis comes, uxor ipsius Tarasia filia regis…". m (1093 before 25 Sep) as his fourth wife, ALFONSO VI King of Castile and Leon, son of don FERNANDO I "el Magno" King of Castile and León & his wife doña Sancha de León (Compostela [1037]-Toledo 30 Jun 1109, bur Sahagún, León, San Mancio chapel in the royal monastery of Santos Facundo y Primitivo).]”««s87»» [1]
    Person ID I14453  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2020 

    Father Renaud I, Count of Burgundy 
    Mother Adele or Adelais, of Normandy,   b. Abt 1000,   d. Aft 1030  (Age ~ 31 years) 
    Family ID F4359  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Etiennette 
     1. Eudes, de Bourgogne,   d. Bef 12 Nov 1087
     2. Renaud II, Comte Palatin de Bourgogne
     3. Guillaume, de Bourgogne,   d. Bef 1090
     4. Ermentrude, de Bourgogne
     5. Guy, de Bourgogne, Pope Calixtus II
     6. Etienne I “Tête-Hardi”, Comte de Mâcon
    +7. Sibylle, de Bourgogne,   b. Abt 1065,   d. Aft 1103  (Age ~ 39 years)
     8. ?
    +9. Raymond or Raimond, de Bourgogne, Comte d’Amous,   b. Abt 1070, Besançon, Franche-Comté, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep 1107, Grajal de Campos, León, Castile and León, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 37 years)
     10. Hugues, de Bourgogne,   d. 13 Sep 1103
    +11. Gisele, de Bourgogne,   b. Abt 1075,   d. Aft 1133  (Age ~ 59 years)
     12. Clemence, de Bourgogne,   b. Abt 1078,   d. Abt 1133  (Age ~ 55 years)
     13. Etiennette, de Bourgogne
     14. Berta or Berthe, de Bourgogne
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2020 
    Family ID F4975  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S87] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy., Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Trustees.