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Arnulf or Arnoul II, Count of Flanders

Male 961 - 988  (27 years)

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  • Name Arnulf or Arnoul II  
    Suffix Count of Flanders 
    Born 960 or 961 
    Gender Male 
    Died 30 Mar 988 
    • “ARNOUL de Flandre, son of BAUDOUIN III Joint Count of Flanders & his wife Mathilde Billung of Saxony ([961/62]-30 Mar 987, bur Ghent). The Annales Elnonenses Minores records "Arnulfus, filius Balduini ex Matilde" succeeding his grandfather in 964 as ARNOUL II “le Jeune” Count of Flanders, under the guardianship of his father's first cousin Baudouin Baldzo [de Boulogne] who made himself Comte de Courtrai. Taking advantage of the weakness of the county during Count Arnoul's minority, [his uncle] Dirk II Count of [Holland] captured Gent and Waas, and Lothaire King of the West Franks occupied the south-east ostensibly in the role of protector of the young count. To counter the perceived threat from France, Emperor Otto II established marches on the right bank of the river Schelde from Valenciennes in the south to Antwerp in the north. Arnoul's majority was declared in 976. The Annales Blandinienses record the death in 989 of "Arnulfus marchysus, nepos magni Arnulfii".
      m ([968][143]) as her first husband, ROZALA di Ivrea, daughter of BERENGARIO II ex-King of Italy [Ivrea] & his wife Willa of Tuscany-Arles ([950/960]-7 Feb or 13 Dec 1003, bur Gent, St Pieter). The Annales Elnonenses Minores records the marriage [undated between 950 and 968] of "Arnulfus iunior" and "filiam Beregeri regis Susannam". According to Nicholas, Count Arnoul II married Rozala di Ivrea when he reached the age of majority in 976 but the source on which this is based has not been located. The Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana names "filiam Berengeri regis Langobardorum, Ruzelam quæ et Susanna" as wife of Comte Arnoul. She was taken to Germany after her parents were captured by Emperor Otto I in 963, and brougght up at the imperial court. Her marriage was presumably arranged by Emperor Otto to increase his influence in Flanders at a time when Lothaire IV King of the West Franks was asserting his own control over the county. She married secondly (988 before 1 Apr, repudiated [991/92]) as his first wife, Robert Associate-King of France, who succeeded his father in 996 as Robert II King of France. She adopted the name SUZANNE on her second marriage, and was given Montreuil-sur-Mer by the county of Flanders as her dowry. She returned to Flanders after she was repudiated by her second husband, and became one of the principal advisers of her son Count Baudouin IV. France retained Montreuil-sur-Mer. The Annales Elnonenses Minores record the death in 1003 of "Susanna regina"[149]. The Memorial of "regina Susanna" records her death "VII Feb".
      Count Arnoul II & his wife had two children:
      1. MATHILDE de Flandre (-24 Jul, 995 or before). "Susanna regina" donated property for the soul of "filia suæ Mathilda" by charter dated 995. It is not known whether Mathilde was older or younger than her brother Baudouin but the estimated birth date range of their mother suggests that Baudouin may have been her younger child. The Memorial of "Mathildis filia…Arnulfi viri" records her death "IX Kal Aug".
      2. BAUDOUIN de Flandre ([980]-30 May 1035). The Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana names "Balduinum Barbatum" as son of "Arnulfus…et…Ruzelam quæ et Susanna". He succeeded his father in 987 as BAUDOUIN IV "le Barbu/Pulchrae Barbae" Count of Flanders, presumably under a regency considering his youth although the name of the regent has not yet been identified. Hugues Capet King of France recognised Baudouin's claim to all of Flanders, including the part previously taken by King Lothaire, and also arranged his mother's second marriage to his son and heir, apparently as a reward for Flemish help when he seized power in 987. After Count Baudouin's mother returned to Flanders following her repudiation, France retained Montrreuil-sur-Mer which provoked Flanders into joining a rebellion against King Hugues. The result was the return of Artois and Ostrevant to Flanders, although Ponthieu remained with France. Count Baudouin established control over the northern part of the Ternois, including Thérouanne, Fauquembergues and Saint-Omer, previously under the suzerainty of the county of Boulogne. He captured the march of Valenciennes from Germany in 1006, but lost it the following year when Emperor Heinrich II invaded Flanders and captured Gent. Count Baudouin subsequently arranged an alliance with the emperor who, in 1012, helped him install a new bishop of Cambrai, enfeoffed him with the islands of Zeeland and, in 1015, with Valenciennes. The emperor, however, invaded Flanders again in 1020, supported this time by Robert King of France. Count Baudouin arranged the betrothal of his son to the French king's daughter to help restore good relations. His son rebelled against Baudouin after 1028. Count Baudouin was forced to take refuge in Normandy, where he married the duke's daughter and from where he returned to Flanders with reinforcements. His son submitted, but his father permitted him to rule jointly. The Annales Blandinienses record the death in 1035 of "Balduinus, gloriosus marchisus". The Annales Elnonenses Minores record the death in 1035 of "Balduinus comes filius Susannæ". m firstly ([1012]) OGIVE de Luxembourg, daughter of FRIEDRICH Graf im Moselgau Vogt von Stablo [Wigeriche] & his wife --- heiress of Gleiberg [Konradiner] (-21 Feb or 9 Mar 1030, bur Gent St Peter). The Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana names "filiam Gisleberti comitis Odgivam" as wife of "Balduinum Barbatum", the marriage presumably being arranged by Emperor Heinrich II as part of the alliance negotiated in 1012. Ogive is shown as daughter of Graf Friedrich in Europäische Stammtafeln. There is no reference to Friedrich's older brother Gislebert having married and had children. The chronology does not favour Ogive being the daughter of Giselbert, son of Friedrich. It is therefore assumed that the reference to "Gisleberti comitis" is an error, although the primary source has not yet been identified which confirms that Friedrich was Ogive's father. The Annales Blandinienses record the death in 1030 of "Odgiva comitissa". The Memorial of "Odgiva…Balduino domino" records her death "IX Mar". m secondly ([after 1030]) [ELEONORE] de Normandie, daughter of RICHARD II Duke of Normandy & his first wife Judith de Rennes [Brittany]. The Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana refers to "filiam secundi Ricardi ducis Normannorum" as wife of "Balduinum Barbatum" after the death of Ogiiva. The Annalista Saxo states that the mother of Judith was "cognatione beati Ethmundi regis", without naming her or giving a more precise origin. Guillaume de Jumièges records that Duke Richard and his wife Judith had three daughters, of whom the second (unnamed) married "Baudouin de Flandre". The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. Count Baudouin IV & his first wife had one child:
      a) BAUDOUIN de Flandre ([1012/13]-Lille 1 Sep 1067, bur Lille St Pierre). The Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana names "Balduinum Insulanum" son of "Balduinum Barbatum [et] Odgivam". He succeeded his father in 1035 as BAUDOUIN V "le Pieux/Insulanus" Count of Flanders.
      Count Baudouin IV & his second wife had one child:
      b) JUDITH de Flandre ([1033]-5 Mar 1094, bur St Martin Monastery). The Annalista Saxo names "Iudhita…amita Rodberti comitis de Flandria ex cognatione beati Ethmundi regis" as husband of "Haroldi" (in error for Tostig) but correctly names her second husband "Welphus filius Azzonis marchionis Italorum". The Genealogia Welforum names "filiam comitis Flandrie, reginam Anglie, Iuditam nomine" as wife of Welf. Florence of Worcester says that Judith was "daughter of Baldwin Count of Flandders" but does not specify which Count Baldwin, nor is this clear from the context. According to the Vita Ædwardi Regis, Judith was the sister of Count Baudouin V. On the other hand, Alberic de Trois Fontaines asserts that Judith was one of the children of Baudouin V Count of Flanders and his wife Adela de France, but there are other clear errors in Alberic's listing of this couple's children so the statement should be viewed with caution. Judith is also listed as the daughter of Coount Baudouin V (after Mathilde) in a manuscript whose attribution to Orderic Vitalis is disputed, which also shows her first marriage. Judith moved to Denmark after her first husband was killed. The Chronicon of Bernold records the death "109094 IV Non Mar" of "Iuditha uxor ducis Welfonis Baioariæ" and her burial "apud monasterium…Sancti Martini" built by her husband. The necrology of Raitenbuch records the death "III Non Mar" of "Iudinta regina Anglie, filia marchionis de Este uxor Welfonis nostri fundatoris", exaggerating her status resulting from her first marriage and confusing her paternity. The necrology of Weingarten records the death "III Non Mar" of "Judita dux regina Anglie", also exaggerating her status resulting from her first marriage. m firstly (before Sep 1051) TOSTIG Godwinson, son of GODWIN Earl of Wessex & his wife Gytha of Denmark ([1025/30]-killed in battle Stamford Bridge 25 Sep 1066). He was created Earl of Northumbria in 1055, but Northumbria rebelled against him in Oct 1065. m secondly ([1071]) as his second wife, WELF I Duke of Bavaria [Este], son of ALBERTO AZZO II Marchese d'Este & his first wife Kunigunde von Altdorf [Este] ([1030/40]-Paphos Cyprus 9 Nov 1101, bur Weingarten, near Lake Constance).”

      From Wikipedia:
      “Arnulf II of Flanders (960 or 961 – March 30, 988) was Count of Flanders from 965 until his death. He was the son of Baldwin III of Flanders and Matilda of Burgundy.
      Baldwin III died in 962, when Arnulf was just an infant, and with Arnulf's grandfather count, Arnulf I, still alive. When Arnulf I died three years later (965), the regency was held by their kinsman Baldwin Balso.
      By the time Arnulf attained his majority in 976, Flanders had lost some of the southern territory acquired by Arnulf I. The latter had given some parts of Picardy to King Lothar of France to help assure his grandson's succession, and gave Boulogne as a fief to another relative. Then early in Arnulf's minority Lothar had taken Ponthieu and given it to Hugh Capet, and the first counts of Guînes had established themselves.
      He married Rozala of Lombardy, daughter of Berengar II of Italy, and was succeeded by their son, Baldwin IV.”«s87» [1]
    Person ID I12660  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 29 Apr 2020 

    Father Baldwin III or Baudouin III “The Young”, Count of Flanders,   b. 940,   d. 1 Jan 962  (Age 22 years) 
    Mother Mechtild or Mathilde, of Saxony 
    Family ID F4366  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Rozala, of Italy,   b. Abt 937,   d. 1003  (Age ~ 66 years) 
     1. Mathilde, de Flandre,   d. Bef 24 Jul 995
    +2. Baldwin IV or Baudouin IV “The Bearded”, Count of Flanders,   b. 980,   d. 30 May 1035  (Age 55 years)
    Last Modified 29 Apr 2020 
    Family ID F4364  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S87] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy., Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Trustees.