Edmund I, King of Wessex

Male 921 - 946  (25 years)


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  • Name Edmund I , King of Wessex 
    Suffix King of Wessex 
    Born 921 
    Gender Male 
    Died 26 May 946 
    Notes 
    • “EADMUND (921-murdered Pucklechurch, Gloucestershire 26 May 946, bur Glastonbury Abbey). "Eadmundus regis frater" subscribed charters of King Æthelstan dated 931 and 939, under the latter also being the grantee of land at Droxford, Hampshire. He fought with his half-brother King Æthelstan at Brunanburh in 937. He succeeded his half-brother in 939 as EDMUND King of Wessex, crowned 29 Nov 939 at Kingston-upon-Thames. Olaf Guthfrithson King of Dublin invaded England in 939 and by tthe end of that year had occupied York. In raids on northern Mercia the following year, King Olaf took Tamworth and nearby land, and under a treaty agreed with King Edmund took the whole of modern Leicestershire, Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire. King Olaf continued by invading Northumbria over the Tees, but died before the end of 940. King Edmund regained the lost territories from Olaf's successor Olaf Sihtricson in 942. King Edmund brought Northumbria under his contrtrol in 944, expelling both Olaf Sihtricson and Rægnald Guthfrithson from York. From that time he may be regarded as king of a united England. He ravaged Strathclyde in 945. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records the death on St Augustine's day 94946 of King Edmund[1300]. Simeon of Durham records that King Edmund was killed "VII Kal Jun" in 946 and buried at Glastonbury. Florence of Worcester records that he was stabbed to death by Leof "a ruffianly thief" while attempting to defend his steward from being robbed. [m firstly] ([940]) ÆLFGIFU, daughter of --- & his wife Wynflæd --- (-Shaftesbury Abbey after 943). "Alfgifu concubine regis" subscribed a 943 charter of King Edmund. This reference suggests that Ælfgifu was not married to King Edmund, corroborated by another charter of the same year1206 in which his [second] wife is differentiated by the epithet "regina" and the dating of which (if accurate) suggests that the king's relationship with both "wives" was simultaneous. If this is correct, Ælfgifu's date of death cannot necessarily be assumed to be [944/46]. She was popularly reputed a saint after her death as St Elgiva. Ælfgifu was probably the daughter of Wynflæd as "Wynflæd aua mea" is named in King Edgar's grant of confirmations to Shaftesbury Abbey dated 966. m [secondly] (943 or before) ÆTHELFLÆD, daughter of ÆLFGAR Ealdorman of the Wilsaetas & his wife --- (Damerham, Wiltshire ----Shaftesbury Abbey [after 975/92], bur Shaftesbury Abbey). The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle names "Æthelflæd of Damerham, daughter of ealdorman Ælfgar" as queen of King Edmund in 946. "Eadmundus rex" granted "Æthelflæd regina sua" lands in Hampshire and Dorset by charter dated 943[1307]. She became a nun at Shaftesbury Abbey. King Edmund & his first [wife] had two children:
      a) EADWIG ([940]-1 Oct 959, bur Winchester Cathedral). "Eaduuius filius regis" subscribed a charter of King Edmund dated 941. As an infant, he was passed over for the succession in 946 in favour of his uncle. "Eadwig rex" subscribed a charter of King Edmund dated 946 and "Eadwig cliton" one of King Eadred dated 956. He succeeded his uncle in 955 as EADWIG King of England, crowned [26] Jan 956 at Kingston-upon-Thames. The people of Mercia and Northumbria rebelled against him in 95957 and elected his brother Edgar king, after which the River Thames formed the boundary between the two kingdoms. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records the death 1 Oct 959 of King Eadwig. m ([955], separated 958) ÆLFGIFU, daughter of [EADRIC & his wife Æthelgifu] (-Gloucester [Sep 959]). There is no direct proof that Ælfgifu whose will is dated to [966/75] was the same person as the wife of King Eadwig but this looks likely. Ælfgifu and her husband were separated on grounds of consanganguinity by Oda Archbishop of Canterbury, but the precise relationship has not been found. Weir dates the death of Ælfgifu to [Sep 959] but the source on which this is based is not known and the date is inconsistent with the dating of the willwill. The will of "Ælfgifu" dated to [966/75] devises estates at Mongewell and Berkhampstead to "Ælfweard and Æthelweard and Ælfwaru", grants to "my sister Ælfwaru…all that I have lent her", and "to my brother's wife Æthelflæd the headband which I have lent her".
      b) EDGAR (943-Winchester 8 Jul 975, bur Glastonbury Abbey). "Adgar clito" subscribed a charter of King Eadred dated 953, and "Eadgar frater regis" subscribed charters of King Eadwig in 955 and 956. Reuniting the kingdom on his brother's death, he succeeded in 959 as EDGAR "the Peaceable" King of England.”««s87»» [1]
    Person ID I11961  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 19 Oct 2017 

    Father Edward or Eadweard “the Elder”, King of Wessex,   b. Abt 870,   d. 17 Jul 924  (Age ~ 54 years) 
    Mother Edgiva or Eadgifu 
    Family ID F4163  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Saint Elgiva or Ælfgifu 
    Children 
     1. Eadwig, King of England,   b. Abt 940,   d. 1 Oct 959  (Age ~ 19 years)
    +2. Edgar “The Peaceful”, King of England,   b. Abt 943/4,   d. 8 Jul 975, Winchester, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 31 years)
    Last Modified 19 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F4162  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Æthelflæd 
    Last Modified 19 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F4171  Group Sheet

  • Sources 
    1. [S87] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy., Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Trustees..