Duncan I, King of Scotland

Male 1001 - 1040  (39 years)


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  • Name Duncan I , King of Scotland 
    Suffix King of Scotland 
    Born 1001 
    Gender Male 
    Died 14 Aug 1040 
    Notes 
    • “DUNCAN, son of CRINAN "the Thane" Mormaer of Atholl & his wife Bethoc of the Scots ([1001]-killed in battle either Bothganowan/Pitgaveny, near Elgin, or Burghead 14 Aug 1040, bur Isle of Iona). His parentage is confirmed by the Annals of Ulster which record the death of "Donnchad son of Crínán, king of Scotland" in 1040. He succeeded in 1018 as King of Strathclyde. He succeeded his maternal grandfather in 1034 as DUNCAN I King of Scotland. Orkneyinga Saga records that “Karl Hundasson” succeeded King Malcolm in Scotland and records his battles with Thorfinn Jarl of Orkney. No other record has been identified of this alleged person. The Annales Dunelmenses record that "Dumechanus rex Scotorum" besieged Durham in 1039 witth a large army but retreated from the siege. He was killed in battle by his first cousin, Macbeth, who succeeded as King of Scotland. The Chronicon of Mariano Scotti records that "Donnchal rex Scotiæ" was killed "1040 XIX Kal Sep" by "duce susuo Macbethad mac Finnloech" who succeeded as king for 17 years. The Annals of Ulster record that "Donnchad son of Crínán, king of Scotland, was killed by his own people" in 1040. The Annals of Tigernach record that “Donncadh mac Crínan, airdrí Alban” was killed “immaturo etate a suis” in 1040[68].
      m ([1030]) [SIBYLLA, sister of SIWARD Earl of Northumbria, daughter of BJORN Bearsson & his wife ---] (-1040). This marriage is recorded only in the mid-14th century Chronicle of Fordun[69]. In one earlier king list, King Malcolm III's mother is named "Suthen".
      King Duncan I & his wife had three children:
      1. MALCOLM (1031-killed in battle near Alnwick, Northumberland 13 Nov 1093, bur Tynemouth, later transferred to Dunfermline Abbey, Fife, and later still to Escorial, Madrid). The Chronicon of Mariano Scotti records that "Moelcol…filius Donchael" succeeded Lulach in 1058[71]. He succeeded in 1058 as MALCOLM III "Caennmor/Bighead" King of Scotland.
      2. DONALD (-in prison Rescobie, Forfarshire 1099, bur Dunkeld Abbey, later transferred to Isle of Iona). Matthew of Paris names him as brother of King Malcolm, and records that he was elected by the Scots to succeed his brother in 1093 as DONALD III "Bane" King of Scotland. Florence of Worcester records that "Dufenaldum regis Malcolmi fratrem" was elected king after his brother's death but that "filius regis Malcolmi Dunechain" expelled "patruum suum Dufenaldum". According to Florence of Worcester, he expelled all the English from the Scottish court. "Douenald filius Conchat Regis" made donations "cum ceteris regibus…Duncano rege Edgaro et Alexandro et David fratribus". This charter is undated and the reference to the foour brothers all as kings indicates that it is probably spurious. Florence of Worcester records that King Donald was deposed in 1094 by his nephew Duncan, with help from the English and Normans. The Annals of Inisfallen record that "Domnall son of Donnchadh” killed “Donnchadh son of Mael Coluim king of Alba” in 1094 and “took the kingship of Alba”. He was restored as joint king after the death of King Duncan in Nov 1094, jointly with his nephew Edmund, ruling north of the Forth/Clydde. Florence of Worcester records that "clitorem Eadgarum" led an army to Scotland in [1097] to place "consobrinum suum Eadgarum Malcolmi regis filium" on the Scottish throne after expelling "patruo suo Dufenaldo". William of Malmesbury recordrds that King Duncan II "was murdered by the wickedness of his uncle Donald" and that the latter was "dispatched by the contrivance of David, the youngest brother and the power of [King] William [II]"[79]. He was imprisoned. m ---. The name of Donald's wife is not known. King Donald III & his wife had one child:
      a) BETHOC (-[1150/70]). The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified. m firstly (1085) UHTRED Lord of Tynedale, son of WALTHEOF ---. m secondly RADULF, son of DUNEGALL Lord of Nithsdale (-[1185]). Bethoc & her first husband had one child:
      i) HEXTILDA of Tynedale . The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified. “R. Cumin” donated property to Hexham Priory, with the consent of “uxoris meæ Hextildis”, by undated charter which names “fratrem meum Walterum”. “Hextildis comitissa de Eththetela” donated property to Rievall Abbey, for the soul of “domini mei Richardi Cumin”, by undated charter. m firstly ([1144/50]) RICHARD Comyn, son of --- Cumin [Comyn] (-[1179]). m secondly (after 1179) as his second wife, her second cousin, MALCOLM Earl of Atholl, son of MADDAD Earl of Atholl & his first wife --- (-[1186/Aug 1198]).
      3. MAELMUIRE [Melmare] . The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. m ---. The name of Maelmuire's wife is not known. Maelmuire & his wife had one child:
      a) MADDAD [Madach] (-[1142/52]). The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. Mormaer of Atholl. He witnessed the charter of Scone dated [1114/15] as "Madach comes"[85], known as 1st Earl of Atholl.”««s87»» [1]
    Person ID I11906  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 8 May 2017 

    Father Crinan “The Thane”, Mormaer of Atholl,   d. 1045 
    Mother Bethoc, Lady of Atholl 
    Family ID F4644  Group Sheet

    Family Sibylla 
    Children 
    +1. Malcolm III ““Caennmor Bighead”,   b. Abt 1031,   d. 13 Nov 1093, Alnwick, Northumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 62 years)
     2. Donald III “Bane”, King of Scotland
     3. Maelmuire
    Last Modified 8 May 2017 
    Family ID F4143  Group Sheet

  • Sources 
    1. [S87] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy., Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Trustees..