Connected Bloodlines

Henry I “Beauclerc”, King of England, Duke of Normandy

Male 1069 - 1135  (66 years)


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  • Name Henry I “Beauclerc”  
    Suffix King of England, Duke of Normandy 
    Born 1068/9 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1 Dec 1135 
    Notes 
    • “HENRY of England, son of WILLIAM I "the Conqueror" King of England & his wife Mathilde de Flandre (Selby, Yorkshire Sep 1068-Château de Lyon-la-Forêt, near Rouen 1 Dec 1135, bur Reading Abbey, Berkshire). Orderic Vitalis records that Henry was born "within a year" of his mother's coronation on 11 May 1068. Seigneur de Domfront 1092. Comte de Coutances and Bayeux 1096. He succeeded his brother 3 Aug 1100 as HENRY I “Beauclerc” King of England, taking prompt action to ensure his succession by taking control of the royal treasure at Winchester. Florence of Worcester records that "iunior frater suus Heinricus" succeeded King William II and was crowned "Non Aug" in Westminster Abbey. Orderic Vitalis records that he was crowned at Westminster Abbey 5 Aug 1100. He married the niece of the last Saxon claimant to the throne of England to appease the English. After consolidating his position in England, he crossed the Channel to subdue Normandy in 1105. He defeated his brother Robert at Tinchebrai and declared himself Duke of Normandy 28 Sep 1106. Henry turned his attention to strengthening the position of the crown in the newly united country, creating the Exchequer to improve control over finances, anand ensuring that his own supporters filled the potentially powerful positions of county sheriffs. However, tensions increased with the barons, setting the scene for the civil war which followed Henry's death, his male heir having drowned in the White Ship disaster in 1120. The Chronicæ Sancti Albini records the death "1135 III Non Dec" of "Henricus rex Angliæ". The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the death "IV Non Dec" in [1135] and his burial at Reading. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "IV Non Dec" of "Henricus rex Anglorum". William of Newburgh records the burial of King Henry I "apud Radingam in monasterio".
      m firstly (Westminster Abbey 11 Nov 1100) EADGYTH of Scotland, daughter of MALCOLM III "Caennmor/Bighead" King of Scotland & his wife Margaret of England (1079-Palace of Westminster 1 May 1118, bur Westminster Abbey). Orderic Vitalis records thhat their mother sent Eadgyth and her sister Mary to be brought up by her sister Christina, nun at Romsey Abbey. Florence of Worcester records the marriage of King Henry and "regis Scottorum Malcolmi et Margaretæ reginæ filiam Mahtildem" and her coronation as queen in a passage dealing with events in late 1100[103]. She adopted the name MATILDA on her marriage. Crowned Queen Consort 11 or 14 Nov 1100. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "Kal Mai" of "Matildis Anglorum regina". The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the death "Kal Mai" at Westminster of "Mahthildis regina Anglorum", and her burial at Westminster Abbey.
      m secondly (Royal Chapel, Windsor Castle 29 Jan or 2 Feb 1121) ADELISA de Louvain, daughter of GODEFROI V "le Barbu" Duke of Lower Lotharingia, Comte de Louvain & his first wife Ida de Chiny Ctss de Namur ([1103/06]-Afflighem Abbey 23/24 Mar oor 23 Apr 1151, bur Afflighem Abbey). The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the marriage "IV Kal Feb" [1121] of King Henry and "Atheleidem filiam Godefridi ducis Lotharingæ puellam virginem" and her coronation as queen "III Kal Feb". Orderic Vitalis names her and her father. William of Newburgh records the second marriage of King Henry I and "filiam ducis Lotharingie", noting that the marriage was childless. The Genealogia Ducum Brabantiæ Heredum Franciæ names (in order) "Alaida…Anglorum regina…comitissa de Cleves Ida…[et] Clarissia virgo" as the three daughters of "Godefridus Cum-barba". The Balduini Ninovensis Chronicon records the marriage of "Henricus rex Anglorum" and "Athelam filiam Godefridi ducis Lothharingie" in 1121. She was crowned Queen Consort at Westminster Abbey 30 Jan or 3 Feb 1121. The Continuatio Chronici Afflegemiensis records that “Godefridus cum barba Dux Lotharingiæ…filia…Aleidis” married “Regi Angliæ” in 1121. The castle and honour of Arundel was settled on Queen Adelisa after her first husband died. She married secondly ([1136/Sep 1139]) William d’Aubigny [de Albini], who was created Earl of Arundel soon after his marriage. Robert of Torigny records that "Willermi de Albinaio quem vocant comitem de Arundel" married "Aelizam reginam relictam Henrici senioris regis Anglorum". Adelisa became a nun at Affleghem Abbey, near Aalst in Brabant in 1149/50. The Annals of Margan record the death in 1151 of “Adelidis, regina secunda Henrici regis”. The Continuatio Chronici Afflegemiensis records that “Godefridus cum barba Dux Lotharingiæ…filia…Aleidis” died “IX Kal Mai” and was buried at Afflighem after the death of her second husband.
      Mistress (1): ---, a woman from Caen. The name of King Henry's first mistress is not known. Her origin is assumed because her son is styled "Robertus de Cadomo" by Orderic Vitalis.
      Mistress (2): EDITH, daughter of ---. According to the Complete Peerage, Edith mother of the countess of Perche is named in the Pipe rolls under Devon in 1130.
      Mistress (3): ANSFRIDE, widow of ANSKILL, daughter of --- (-bur Abingdon Abbey). The Abingdon Chronicle names "Ansfrida" as the king's concubine and mother of his son Richard, and in an earlier passage that she was "uxore Anskilli iam defuncti". Her husband was a knight, tenant of Abingdon Abbey, who died following a few days of harsh treatment after being imprisoned by King William II. A gift was made to Abingdon Abbey by her legitimate son Guillaume in consideration for his mother's burial there.
      Mistress (4): SIBYL Corbet, daughter of ROBERT Corbet of Alcester, co Warwick & his wife --- (-after 1157). The Complete Peerage deduces her identity from a charter of her son Renaud Earl of Cornwall which names "matertere mee Aliz Corbet", for her son William de Boterel, and which is subscribed by "Nicholao filio meo…Hereberto filio Hereberti…Willelmo fratre meo". She married Herbert FitzHerbert, son and heir of Herbert the Chamberlain & his wife --- (-before 1165).
      Mistress (5): EDITH, daughter of ---. Symeon of Durham names "Rodberto filio Edæ et Henrici regis notho". The Complete Peerage identifies her as the probable daughter of Forn Sigurdson Lord of Greystoke, Cumberland. If this is correct, she married Robert de Oilly of Hook Norton, constable of Oxford Castle, son of Nigel de Oilly of Hook Norton, Oxfordshire & his wife --- (-1142). However, “Editha, Roberto de Oilly conjugali copula juncta” donated property to Thame Abbey, for the sououls of “Henrici et Gilberti filiorum meorum”, by undated charter witnessed by “Fulco de Oilly, Fulco Luval, Henrico filio Roberti filii Aumari”. If Edith, wife of Robert de Oilly, was the same person as the mother of King Henry´s son Robert, it is unclear why she would not have named this son in her charter.
      Mistresses (6) - (11): ---. The names of these mistresses of King Henry are not known.
      Mistress (12): NEST of South Wales, wife of GERALD FitzWalter of Windsor custodian of Pembroke Castle, daughter of RHYS ap Tewdwr Prince of South Wales & his wife Gwladus ---. Giraldus Cambrensis names "Henricus…regi Henrici primi filius…ex nobili Nesta, Resi filii Theodori filia" in South Wales. She was abducted by Owain son of Cadwgan ap Bleddyn from castle Ceanrth Bychan in 1109.
      Mistresses (13): ---. The name of this mistress of King Henry is not known.
      Mistress (14): ISABELLE de Beaumont, daughter of ROBERT de Beaumont Comte de Meulan, Earl of Leicester & his wife Isabelle de Vermandois ([1102/07]-). Guillaume de Jumièges records one illegitimate daughter of King Henry I as daughter of "Elisabeth sœur de Galeran comte de Meulan". She married Gilbert FitzGilbert de Clare Earl of Pembroke,.
      King Henry I & his first wife had [three] children:
      1. [daughter (Winchester Jul/Aug 1101-died young). According to Weir, a legitimate daughter of King Henry's was born in late Jul or early Aug 1101. She names her Euphemia. The primary source which confirms the birth of a child at that time haas not yet been identified. It is possible that there is confusion with the birth of the king's daughter Matilda, probably born in the following year. All the contemporary chronicles so far consulted state that the king had only two children bby his first marriage. The name Euphemia appears improbable. The earliest reference to this name so far found among noble families in the British Isles is the mother of Robert de Brus Lord of Annandale (who died in 1191), her precise parentagage being unknown although she is recorded as neptis of Guillaume "le Gros" Comte d'Aumâle and Lord of Holderness (who died in 1179). The name is not found among the immediate ancestors of the legitimate children of King Henry, and it is unclear why the king would have given a non-family name to his eldest daughter.]
      2. MATILDA (Winchester or London 1102-Abbaye de Notre-Dame des Près, near Rouen 10 Sep 1167, bur Abbaye du Bec, Normandy, later moved to Rouen Cathedral). Her parentage is stated by Orderic Vitalis. The Chronicle of Gervase records the birth ""secundo anno regni" of "filiam…Matildis". According to Weir, she was christened Adelaide but adopted the name Matilda on her first marriage. The primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified. Florence of Worcester records that "rex Anglorum filiam suam" was betrothed to "Heinrico regi Teutonicorum" in [1110], and the marriage "VIII Id Jan" at Mainz in [1114] of "Heinrico Romanorum imperatori" and "Matildis filia regis Anglorum Heinrici", and her coronation as empress the same day. She was crowned empress again in 1117 with her husband at St Peter’s Basilica, Rome. Her second marriage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis. The Chronicle of Gervase records the second marriage of "filiam suam…viduam" to "Gaufrido comiti Andegaviæ". She assumed the title “Lady of the English” in her fight against King Stephen, but was finally defeated 1 Nov 1141. Robert of Torigny records the death "1167…IV Id Sep Rothomagi" of "matris suæ [Henrici regis] Mathildis imperatricis" and her burial "Becci". The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "II Id Sep" of "Mathildis imperatrix filia Henrici regis uxor Goffredi comitis". m firstly (betrothed Utrecht Easter 1110[133], Mainz 6 Jan 1114) Empermperor HEINRICH V King of Germany, son of Emperor HEINRICH IV & his first wife Berthe de Savoie (1086-Utrecht 23 May 1125, bur Speyer Cathedral). m secondly (Le Mans Cathedral, Anjou 17 Jun 1128) GEOFFROY d’Anjou, son of FOULQUES V Comte d’Anjou & his first wife Aremburge de Maine (24 Aug 1113-Château du Loire 7 Sep 1151, bur Le Mans Cathedral, Anjou). He succeeded on the abdication of his father in 1129 as GEOFFROI V “le Bel/Plantagenet” Comte d’Anjou. He was proclaimed Duke of Normandy 19 Jan 1144. Matilda & her second husband had three children:
      a) HENRI d’Anjou (Le Mans, Anjou 5 Mar 1133-Château de Chinon 6 Jul 1189, bur Abbaye de Fontevrault). William of Tyre names him and records his parentage. The Chronicæ Sancti Albini records the birth "1133 III Non Mar" of "Henricus". Comte dde Touraine et de Maine 1151. He succeeded his father in 1151 as HENRI Comte d’Anjou, Duke of Normandy. He became Duke of Aquitaine by right of his wife 18 May 1152. He landed in England in Jan 1153 and obliged King Stephen to recognise him as his heir, from which time Henry governed England as Justiciar. He was recognised as HENRY II King of England after the death of Stephen 25 Oct 1154, crowned in Westminster Abbey 19 Dec 1154.
      3. WILLIAM (Winchester 5 Aug 1103-drowned off Barfleur, Normandy 25 Nov 1120). His parentage is stated by Orderic Vitalis. The Chronicle of Gervase records the birth "tertio regni anno" of "Willelmum". "David comes" made donations to the monkks of Durham by undated charter, witnessed by "Mathildis Reginæ et Willelmi filii sui". William of Malmesbury records that he was designated Duke of Normandy in 1120, and swore allegiance as such to Louis VI "le Gros" King of France. He drowned following the sinking of the “Blanche Nef [White Ship]”, according to William of Malmesbury after returning to the ship in an unsuccessful attempt to rescue his half-sister Mathilde Ctss du Perche. The Continuator of Florence of Worcester namnames "Willelmus regis filius, Ricardus frater eius…" among those drowned in the sinking of the White Ship. m (Betrothed near Alençon late Feb 1113, Lisieux, Normandy Jun 1119[142]) ALICE [Isabelle] d’Anjou, daughter of FOULQUES V Comte d’Anjojou & his first wife Eremburge Ctss du Maine (Anjou [1110/11][143]-Fontevrault Abbey 1154, bur [Fontevrault Abbey]). Her parentage is specified by Orderic Vitalis, who calls her "Matilda". William of Tyre also names her, specifying that she was her father's second daughter, although it is more probable that he would have betrothed his older daughter to the son of the king of England. Her marriage was arranged, at "Petra Peculata" near Alençon in late Feb 1113, as part of the alliancce between her father and her future father-in-law. The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records that Henry I King of England arranged the marriage of "filio suo Willelmo" and "comite Andegavensi…filia eius". She adopted the name MATILDA on her marriage. Orderic Vitalis records that she became a nun at Fontevrault Abbey "ten years after her marriage" and was elected abbess in 1150. Her recent arrival as a nun at Fontevraud is confirmed by the charter dated 2 Feb 1129 under which "Conanus Britannie comes" donated property to the abbey of Fontevraud after finding that "meam cognatam Fulconis comitis Andegavensis filiam noviter ibi factam monacham".
      King Henry I had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1):
      4. ROBERT de Caen ([1090]-Bristol 31 Oct 1147, bur Priory of St James, Bristol). Orderic Vitalis records him as "Robert the king's son". Also known as Robert FitzRoy. He was created Earl of Gloucester [Jun/Sep] 1122.
      King Henry I had one illegitimate daughter by Mistress (2):
      5. MATHILDE (-drowned off Barfleur, Normandy 25 Nov 1120). She is named as daughter of King Henry I by Orderic Vitalis, who specifies that the king "built up [her husband's] power by greatly augmenting his estates and wealth in England". Orderic also specifies that the king arranged her marriage at the same time as that of her half-sister Juliane. The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis refers to, but does not name, the wife of "Rotaldus comes" as "filiam regis Anglie", specifying that she had daughters. Her father gave her lands in Wiltshire as her dowry. "Rotrocus comes et Beatrix mater eius atque Mathildis uxor comitis" subscribed the charter dated to [1105/07] under which "Guillermus de Loiscel" made donations to Sainnt-Denis de Nogent. The Continuator of Florence of Worcester names "…filia regis comitissa de Perceio…" among those drowned in the sinking of the White Ship. William of Malmesbury also records that she drowned in the sinking of the “Blanche Nef [White Ship]”. m (1103) as his first wife, ROTROU [I] Comte du Perche, son of GEOFFROY Comte du Perche & his wife Béatrix de Roucy (-killed in battle Rouen [20 Jan/23 Apr] or 6 May 1144).
      King Henry I had [three] illegitimate children by Mistress (3):
      6. RICHARD (before 1101-drowned off Barfleur, Normandy 25 Nov 1120). He is named "Richard the king's son" by Orderic Vitalis, who describes his capture by the forces of Louis VI "le Gros" King of France in 1119 at Andely. He was present with his father at the siege of Evreux and at the battle of Brémule 20 Aug 1119. Orderic Vitalis records that he "pleaded his sister's cause" with their father concerning the siege of Breteuil. He raised the siege of Breteuil in Sep 1119, being betrothed to the daughter of its defender in the following year. The Continuator of Florence of Worcester names "Willelmus regis filius, Ricardus frater eius…" among those drowned in the sinking of the White Ship. William of Malmesbury also rececords that Richard drowned in the sinking of the “White Ship”. Weir states that King Henry I had a legitimate son named Richard, also drowned in the White Ship disaster, who was "Queen Matilda's son [according to] both Robert of Gloucester and the Saxon Chronicle". In the case of the latter, Chronicle E[165] refers to "two of the king's sons, William and Richard, being drowned", but does not specify who was their mother. The Chronicle of Gervase records the birth of "alium quoque…filium Ricardum", which from the context refers to a legitimate son of King Henry by his first marriage. However, Gervase makes it clear that this was the same son Richard who was later drowned in the White Ship. According to William of Malmesesbury, Queen Matilda "satisfied with a child of either sex … ceased having issue". Orderic Vitalis also names only two legitimate children of King Henry. While both Malmesbury and Orderic mention no children who may have died in infancy, it is unlikely that they would not have named another legitimate son who survived into young adulthood, particular if he too drowned in the White Ship incident which is otherwise described in such detail. It is therefore assumed that the only son of King Henry's who was named Richard was this illegitimate son. Betrothed (1120) to AMICE de Gaël, daughter of RAOUL de Gaël Seigneur de Montfort et de Breteuil & his wife --- (-after Apr 1168). She is named by Orderic Vitalis, who names her father and records that he arranged her betrothal, with Breteuil, Glos and Lire as her dowry. She later married Robert de Beaumont Comte de Meulan Earl of Leicester.
      7. JULIANE. She is named as the daughter of King Henry I by Orderic Vitalis, who specifies that the king arranged her marriage. According to the Complete Peerage, it is "not unlikely that she was the daughter of Ansfride" as her presumed full brother Richard interceded with King Henry on her behalf in 1119. After her husband's rebellion in 1119, the king (her father) besieged her in Breteuil castle, from where she "was forced to leap down from the walls…and fell shamefully with babare buttocks into the depths of the moat", and fled to her husband at Pacy. She and her husband were later pardoned. She became a nun at Fontevraud Abbey. m (1103) EUSTACHE de Pacy, illegitimate son of GUILLAUME de Breteuil & his mistress --- (-1136).
      8. FOULQUES . "Fulcone filio regis…" witnessed the gift to Abingdon Abbey by Guillaume, legitimate son of Ansfride by her husband, although it is only an inference that Foulques was also her son. According to the Complete Peerage, he probably became a monk at Abingdon Abbey or died young.
      King Henry I had [five] illegitimate children by Mistress (4):
      9. SIBYL ([Domfront, Normandy 1092]-Island of the Women, Loch Tay, Perthshire 12/13 Jul 1122, bur Island of the Women, Loch Tay). William of Malmesbury records the marriage of Alexander to the unnamed illegitimate daughter of King Henry, but addds "there was…some defect about the lady either in correctness of manners or elegance of person", which appears to imply mental retardation. The identity of her mother is deduced from the charter of Renaud Earl of Cornwall (son of King Henry I, whose mother is identified elsewhere as Sibyl Corbet) which is subscribed by "Nicholao filio meo…Hereberto filio Hereberti…Willelmo fratre meo", read together with the charter dated 1124 of "Alexander…Rex Scottorum" which was witnessed by "…Willelmo fratre reginæ…". "Alexander…Rex Scottorum filius Regis Malcolmi et Reginæ Margaretæ et…Sibilla regina Scottorum filia Henrici regis Angliæ" made grants by charter dated to [1120] "Alexander…Rex Scottorum" granted the island of Tay to the canons of Scone for the soul of "reginæ Sibillæ" by charter dated to [1123]. m ([1107]) ALEXANDER I “the Fierce” King of Scotland, son of MALCOLM III "Caennmor/Bighead" King of Scotland & his second wife Margaret of England ([1077/78]-Stirling Castle 23, 25 or 27 Apr 1124, bur Dunfermline Abbey, Fife). No issue.
      10. RENAUD [de Dunstanville] (-Chertsey, Surrey 1 Jul 1175, bur Reading Abbey). He is named as son of King Henry by Orderic Vitalis. The Chronicle of Gervase names "fratre suo Reginaldo comite Cornubiæ" as one of the main supporters of Matilda. The Complete Peerage deduces his mother's identity from a charter of Renaud Earl of Cornwall which names "matertere mee Aliz Corbet", for her son William de Boterel, and which is subscribed by "Nicholao filio meo…Hereberto filio Hereberti…Willlelmo fratre meo". According to Domesday Descendants, "de Dunstanville" was a label only attributed to him by Orderic Vitalis. He inherited large areas of land in Cornwall, by right of his wife, on his marriage and was created Earl of Cornwall in [Apr 1141] by his half-sister Maud, after successfully leading a rebellion in her favour in the West Country. The title was later fully recognised by King Stephen.
      11. WILLIAM ([before 1105]-after 1187). The Complete Peerage cites a charter of Renaud Earl of Cornwall which is subscribed by "Nicholao filio meo…Hereberto filio Hereberti…Willelmo fratre meo". "Willelmus frater reginæ…" witnessed the possibly spurious charter dated to [1120] of "Alexander…Rex Scottorum…Sibilla regina Scottorum…". "…Willelmo fratre reginæ…" witnessed the charter dated 1124 under which "Alexander…Rex Scottorum" granted jurisdiction to the prior of Scone. Maybe Constable of Scotland until about 1122. He probably returned to England after the death of his sister Sybil Queen of Scotland. Landowner in Devon and Cornwall 1166. m ALICE, daughter of ---. "Willelmus de Marisco frater Reginaldi comitis Cornubie" names his wife Alice in a charter.
      12. [GUNDRED. She was named "Gunderede sorori Ragin. de Dunstanvilla" in the Pipe Roll of 1130, mentioned in connection with land she owned in Wiltshire. According to C. Phillips this connection with Wiltshire makes it more likely that "Ragin. de Dunstanvilla" was a member of the Wiltshire Dunstanville family rather than the Earl of Cornwall. If this is correct, Gundred was not the daughter of King Henry I.]
      13. [ROHESE (-[1176]). Renaud Earl of Cornwall granted Roseworthy manor in Cornwall to his sister "Rohesia de Pomeria" in a charter. This charter, however, does not exclude the possibility that Rohese was the earl's uterine sister, in which case her father would have been Herbert FitzHerbert later husband of Sibyl Corbet, mother of the Earl of Cornwall. m (1146 or before) HENRY de la Pomerai, son of JOSCELIN de la Pomerai & his wife Emma --- (-[1156/64]). Lord of Berry Pomeroy, Devon, he had supported King Henry I during the rebellion of 1123, commanding the royal army at Pont-Athou. Deputy Constable in the Royal household of King Henry I.]
      King Henry I had one illegitimate son by Mistress (5):
      14. ROBERT FitzEdith [FitzRoy] (-31 May 1172). Symeon of Durham names "Rodberto filio Edæ et Henrici regis notho". Guillaume de Jumièges names Robert as illegitimate son of King Henry I "encore jeune et sans établissement". Landowner in Devovon 1130. He supported his half-sister "Empress" Matilda during the civil war. m (1142) as her second husband, MAUD Avenell, widow of ROBERT d´Avranches, daughter & heiress of RANULF Avenill & his wife Alice --- (-21 Sep 1173). The Fundationiis et Fundatorum Historia of Ford Abbey records that “domina Alicia uxor domini Randolphi Avenell filia sua…unicam filiam…Matildam” married “Roberto filio regis Henrici primi notho” after the death of her first husband “Roberto de Abrincis id est de Averinges”. She was heiress of the honour of Okehampton, Devon. Robert & his wife had one child:
      a) MAUD (-1224). The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Ford Abbey names “Matildam” as the daughter of “Roberto filio regis Henrici primi notho” and his wife “Roberto de Abrincis id est de Averinges”, adding that she married “Reginaldo de Courtenay…filio suo Willielmo de Courtenay”[200]. Dame du Sap. m GUILLAUME de Courtenay, son of RENAUD Sire de Courtenay & his first wife Helvise de Donjon (-before 1190).
      King Henry I had [six] illegitimate children by Mistresses (6) to (11):
      15. MAUD. Guillaume de Jumièges names Mathilde as illegitimate daughter of King Henry I and her husband "Conan comte de la Petite-Bretagne". Her marriage is referred to by Orderic Vitalis, in a later passage recording that the betrothal occurred before the alliance was agreed between Henry I King of England and Louis VI King of France, which is dated to 1113. "Alanus, Hoelli filius, comes totius Britannie et princeps" donated property to the abbey of Redon with the consent of "suorum filiorum Conani et Gaufridi, necnon et uxoris suæ Hermengardis et uxoris filii sui Conani, Mahalt" by charter dated 1112[204]. m (1112 or before) CONAN III "le Gros" Duke of Brittany, son of ALAIN IV “Fergant” Duke of Brittany & his second wife Ermengarde d’Anjou (-17 Sep 1148).
      16. ALIX [Aline (-before 1141). Guillaume de Jumièges records one illegitimate daughter of King Henry I as wife of "Matthieu fils de Burchard de Montmorency". m (1126) as his first wife, MATHIEU [I] de Montmorency, son of BOUCHARD [III] Sire de Montmorency & his first wife Agnès de Beaumont-sur-Oise (-1160). He succeeded his father as Sire de Montmorency in [1130/32]. Constable of France.
      17. CONSTANCE [Mathilde]. Robert of Torigny names "Mathildem filiam notham primi Henrici regis Anglorum" as wife of "Roscelini vicecomitis Cenomannensis". Orderic Vitalis records the marriage of Roscelin Vicomte du Mans and Constance illegitimmate daughter of King Henry I. "Roscelinus vicecomes Cenomannis et Sancte Susanne" donated property to Cluny with the approval of "Constancia vicecomitissa" by charter. m ROSCELIN Vicomte de Beaumont, son of RAOUL Vicomte de Beaumont & his wife --- de Laval (-[1176]).
      18. MATHILDE . The Chronicon Valassense records the donation to the monastery by "imperatricem [Matildis]" on the advice of "soror sua Mathildis abbatissa Monasterii Villaris"[209]. Abbess of Montvilliers.
      19. GILBERT (-after 1142). Guillaume de Jumièges names Gilbert as illegitimate son of King Henry I "encore jeune et sans établissement".
      20. WILLIAM de Tracy (-late 1135 or soon after). Guillaume de Jumièges names "Guillaume de Tracy" as illegitimate son of King Henry I "encore jeune et sans établissement". He died shortly after his father. m ---. The name of William's wife is not known. William & his wife had one child:
      a) GRACE de Tracy . The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. m (before 1129) JOHN de Sudeley, of Sudeley Castle and Toddington co Gloucester, son of HAROLD de Ewias, Lord of Ewias, co Hereford & his wife ---.
      King Henry I had one illegitimate son by Mistress (12):
      21. HENRY ([1105/09]-killed in battle 1157). Giraldus Cambrensis names "Henricus…regi Henrici primi filius…ex nobili Nesta, Resi filii Theodori filia" in South Wales. He was killed during King Henry II’s invasion of Anglesey. m ---. The name of Henry's wife is not known. Henry & his wife had two children:
      a) MEILER FitzHenry (-1220). The Expugnatio Hibernica names "Roberto Barrensi" and "Meilerius" as "Stephanidæque alter ex fratre, alter ex sorore nepotes". He took a leading part in the invasion of Ireland and became one of the most powerful Anglo-Irish lords. m [secondly?] ---, niece of HUGH de Lacy Lord of Meath, daughter of ---. The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. Meiler & his wife had one child:
      i) MEILER ---. The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.
      b) ROBERT FitzHenry. The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. Living in Leinster about 1180, died soon afterwards. The Expugnatio Hibernica names "Henrici filius Robertus, Meilerii frater". m ---. The name of Robert's wife is not known. Robert & his wife had one child:
      i) HENRY . The Expugnatio Hibernica names "Henrici filius Robertus, Meilerii frater"[218].
      King Henry I had one illegitimate child by Mistress (13):
      22. daughter . Guillaume de Jumièges records one illegitimate daughter of King Henry I as wife of "Guillaume Goel". m GUILLAUME [III] Goët de Montmirail, son of GUILLAUME [II] Goët Seigneur de Montmirail et de Château-du-Loir & his wife Eustachie --- (before 1080-). He succeeded his father in [1117] as Seigneur de Montmirail.
      King Henry I had one illegitimate daughter Mistress (14):
      23. ISABEL. Guillaume de Jumièges records one illegitimate daughter of King Henry I as daughter of "Elisabeth sœur de Galeran comte de Meulan"[220]. She lived with her mother. She witnessed two charters for her half-brother Richard FitzGilbert de Clare Earl of Pembroke, with her mother.” [1]
    Person ID I11896  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 12 Apr 2016 

    Father William I “The Conqueror”, Duke of Normandy, King of England,   b. 1027/8, Château de Falaise, Calvados, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Sep 1087, Prioré de Saint-Gervais, Rouen, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years) 
    Mother Matilda, of Flanders, Queen Consort,   b. Abt 1031,   d. 2 Nov 1083, Caen, Calvados, Lower Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 52 years) 
    Married 1053  Collégiale Notre-Dame-Saint-Laurent, Eu, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F4140  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Adelisa, de Louvain,   d. 1151 
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2020 
    Family ID F3705  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Unknown Mistresses 
    Children 
     1. Robert FITZ ROY, Earl of Gloucester
     2. Mathilde
     3. Richard
     4. Juliane
     5. Foulques
     6. Sibyl, Queen of Scotland
     7. Renaud, de Dunstanville
     8. William
     9. Gundred
     10. Rohese
    +11. Robert FITZEDITH,   d. 31 May 1172
     12. Maud
     13. Alix
     14. Constance or Mathilde
     15. Mathilde, Abbess of Montvilliers
     16. Gilbert
     17. William, de Tracy
     18. Henry
     19. ?
     20. Isabel
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2020 
    Family ID F3709  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Matilda or Eadgyth, Queen Consort of England,   b. 1080,   d. 1118  (Age 38 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Matilda or Maud, of England, Empress of Almain, Lady of the English,   b. Feb 1102,   d. 10 Sep 1167, Rouen, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 65 years)
     2. William
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2020 
    Family ID F4138  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S87] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy., Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Trustees.