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Louis VII, King of France

Male - 1180


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  • Name Louis VII  
    Suffix King of France 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1180 
    Notes 
    • “LOUIS de France, son of LOUIS VI King of France & his wife Adélaïde de Maurienne [Savoie] (1120-Paris, Palais Royal de la Cité 18/19 Sep 1180, bur Abbaye cistercienne de Notre-Dame-de-Barbeaux near Fontainebleau, transferred 1817 to l'église dde l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). His parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis. He became heir to the throne on the death of his older brother in 1131. Consecrated associate-king 25 Oct 1131, Notre-Dame de Reims, he received effective power from his father 28 Oct 1135, due to the latter's ill health. He succeeded his father in 1137 as LOUIS VII "le Jeune/le Pieux" King of France. Duke of Aquitaine, by right of his first wife, 8 Aug 1137 at Bordeaux. He declared war against Thibaut IV Comte de Champagne, who was fighting Raoul Comte de Vermandois, laid siege to and captured Vitry, but signed a peace treaty there in 1143. After the fall of Edessa in 1146, Pope Eugenius III addressed a bull to Louis VII 1 Dec 1145 urging a new crusade. He assembled his army at Metz 15 Jun 1147, and arrived in Constantinople 4 Oct 1147. He left the government in the hands of Suger Abbé de Saint-Denis, his brother Henri Archbishop of Reims and his cousin Raoul Comte de Vermanandois. Although the crusade failed in its aim to capture Damascus end-Jul 1148, Louis VII gained much prestige as the first western king to lead a crusading army. After leaving Palestine in Summer 1149, he landed in Calabria where he discussed launching a new crusade aimed at taking vengeance on Byzantium with Roger II King of Sicily and Pope Eugenius III, but the scheme was later dropped for lack of support from Konrad III King of Germany who had entered an alliance with Emperor Manuel I. He arrived back in Paris end-1149. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death "XV Kal Oct" of "rex Ludovicus pius" and his burial "abbatiam Cisterciensis ordinis de Sancto Portu…Barbel". The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "XIII Kal Oct" of "Ludovicus rex".
      m firstly (Bordeaux, Cathedral of Saint-André 22 Jul 1137, annulled for reasons of consanguinity Château de Beaugency 21 Mar 1152) as her first husband, ELEONORE Dss of Aquitaine, daughter of GUILLAUME X Duke of Aquitaine, GUILLAUME VIII Comte de Poitou & his first wife Eléonore de Châtellerault (Nieul-sur-Autize, Vendée or Château de Belin, Guyenne or Palais d’Ombrière, Bordeaux 1122-Abbaye de Fontevrault 1 Apr 1204, bur Abbaye de Fontevrault). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Alienor Guilielmi filia comits Pictavorum et Aquitanie ducis" as wife of "regi Francie Ludovico". She succeeded her father 9 Apr 1137 as Dss of Aquitaine Ctss de Saintonge, Angoûmois, Limousin, Auvergne, Bordeaux & Agen. She lefft France with her husband in Jun 1147 on the Second Crusade. She married secondly (Poitiers or Bordeaux Cathedral 18 May 1152) Henri Comte d'Anjou et de Maine Duke of Normandy, who succeeded in 1153 as Henry II King of England. The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the death "XII Kal Apr" [1204] of "regina Alienor" and her burial "ad Fontem Ebraldi".
      m secondly (Cathedral of Sainte Croix, Orléans ([Jan/Jul] 1154) Infanta doña CONSTANZA de Castilla, daughter of don ALFONSO VII King of Castile and León & his first wife Berenguela de Barcelona ([1138]-6 Oct 1160, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). This second marriage of King Louis is recorded by Matthew of Paris, who calls her father "Aldefonsi regis Hispaniæ cuius regni caput civitas est Tholetum". She was consecrated Queen Consort in 1154 at Orléans, église Sainte-Croix. Robert of Torigny records the death in 1160 of "Constantia regina Franciæ" while giving birth to a daughter. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "II Non Oct" of "Constantia regina filia regis Hispanie".
      m thirdly (Paris, Cathedral of Notre-Dame 13 Nov 1160) ALIX de Blois, daughter of THIBAUT IV “le Grand” Comte de Blois, Comte de Troyes/Champagne & his wife Mathilde of Carinthia ([1140]-Paris 4 or 13 Jun 1206, bur Pontigny, Yonne, église de l'Abbaye cistercienne). William of Tyre names her as "Ala filia Theobaldi senioris" when recording her marriage. The Chronicon Hanoniense names "Alam sororem…Henrici comitis Campanensis" as the wife of "Ludovicus rex". The Chronicle of Alberic dde Trois-Fontaines names "Adela Francorum regina" as the youngest of the six daughters of "comes Campanie Theobaldus", and in a later passage names "filia comitis Theobaldi…Adala" as mother of the wife of Alexios Komnenos. She was anointed queen after her marriage in Notre-Dame de Paris. Regent of France for her son King Philippe II Jun-Dec 1191, during his absence abroad. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death "1206…Non Iun" of "Adela regina Francorum mater regis Philippi". The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "Id Jun" of "Ala Francorum regina, mater Philippi regis".
      Mistress (1): ---. The name of the mistress of King Louis VII is not known.
      King Louis VII & his first wife had two children:
      1. MARIE de France (1145-11 Mar 1198, bur Cathedral of Meaux, Seine-et-Marne). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Mariam comitissam Trecensum et Aelidem comitissam Blesensem" as the two daughters of "regi Francie Ludovico" and his wife "Alienor Guilielmi filia comitis Pictavorum et Aquitanie ducis". Her parentage is confirmed by Matthew of Paris, who specifies that she was the older sister and married the older brother "Henricus filius magni comitis Theodbaldi Flandrerensis", although he does not give her name. Regent of Champagne during the absence of her husband on Crusade 1179-1181, during the minority of her son Henri II 1181-1187, during the latter's absence on Crusade 1190-1197, and during the minority of her grandson Thibaut III 1197-1198. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1198 of "comitissa Maria Campaniensis". m (1164) HENRI I "le Libéral" Comte de Champagne, son of THIBAUT IV “le Grand” Comte de Blois & his wife Mathilde of Carinthia [Sponheim] (1126-Troyes 17 Mar 1181, bur Troyes, Saint-Etienne).
      2. ALIX de France (1150-11 Sep after 1195). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Mariam comitissam Trecensum et Aelidem comitissam Blesensem" as the two daughters of "regi Francie Ludovico" and his wife "Alienor Guilielmi filia comits Pictavorum et Aquitanie ducis". Her parentage is confirmed by Matthew of Paris, who specifies that she was the younger sister and married the younger brother "Theodbaldus filius magni comitis Theodbaldi Flandrensis", although he does not give her name. "Adelicia uxore mea…" consented to the donation by "Theobaldus comes Blesensis, Francie senesscalus" to Hôtel-Dieu, Châteaudun by charter dated 1190. The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "III Id Sep" of "Adelicia…Blesensium comitissa", stating that "cuius filius…comes Blesensis Ludovicus" donated property for her soul. m (1164) as his second wife, THIBAUT V "le Bon" Comte de Blois et de Chartres, son of THIBAUT IV “le Grand” Comte de Blois, Comte de Troyes/Champagne & his wife Mathilde of Carinthia ([1130]-siege of Acre 1191, bur Abbaye de Pontigny). Seneschal of France 1154-1191.
      King Louis VII & his second wife had two children:
      3. MARGUERITE de France (1158-Acre shortly after 10 Sep 1197). Robert of Torigny records arrangements for the betrothal in 1158 of "filium suum [Henrici regis] Henricum" and "filiam regis Francorum Margaritam". Robert of Torigny records the betrothal "apud Novum Burgum" in 1160 of "Henrico filio Henrici regis Anglorum" and "Margarita filia Ludovici regis Francorum". Ctss de Vexin, with the Château de Gisors, as her dowry. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "reginam Margaretam Anglie et comitissam Aaliz" as childen of King Louis VII & his second wife. She was crowned Queen Consort Associate of England 27 Aug 1172, Winchester Abbey. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Margareta soror regis Philippi" as widow of "iunior Henricus rex Anglorum" and records her second marriage to "Hungarorum regi Bela". Her father-in-law arranged her second marriage so he could retain her dowry. She left for Palestine after being widowed for the second time. m firstly (contract Neubourg, Eure 1160, 21 Aug or 2 Nov 1172) HENRY of England, son of HENRY II King of England & his wife Eléonore d’Aquitaine (Bermondsey Palace 28 Feb 1155-Château de Martel, Turenne 11 Jun 1183, bur Le Mans Cathedradral, Anjou, later transferred to Rouen Cathedral). He was crowned King of England in his father’s lifetime 14 Jun 1170 at Westminster Abbey, being styled Duke of Normandy, Comte d'Anjou et de Maine. After this he was known as “the Young King”. He was crowned again 27 Aug 1172 at Winchester Cathedral. m secondly ([1185/86]) as his second wife, BÉLA III King of Hungary, son of GÉZA II King of Hungary & his wife Ievfrosina Mstislavna of Kiev (1149-23 Apr 1196, bur Székesfehervar, transferred to Coronation Church Budapest). No surviving issue.
      4.[ALIX] [Adelaide] de France ([4 Oct] 1160-after 1200). Robert of Torigny records the death in 1160 of "Constantia regina Franciæ" while giving birth to a daughter. The Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall records that King Louis VII had "aliam filiam de Constantia…Adelaidis", her mother dying while giving birth to her. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "reginam Margaretam Anglie et comitissam Aaliz" as childen of King Louis VII & his second wife, specifying that Alix mmarried "Guilelmus comes de Pontivo". This highlights the general confusion between this daughter and King Louis VII's supposed daughter Alix by his third wife (see below). Roger of Hoveden records that the betrothal of King Louis's daughter tto Richard of England was first proposed in 1161, when Richard's older brother Henry was betrothed to her sister Marguerite. Chronologically, this can only refer to the king's daughter by his second marriage. This appears to be confirmed by the Chronicle of Gervase which records the betrothal in 1169 of "Ricardus…filius regis Anglæ" and "filiam regis Franciæ quam habuit de filia regis Hispanorum". Ctss de Bourges 1174, as her dowry. Benedict of Peterborough records the betrothal "X"XI Kal Oct 1177" of "rex Anglie…Ricardus comes Pictaviæ filius eius" and "regi Franciæ…filiam" as part of the peace agreement between the two kings. It is assumed that this refers to the same daughter, although the primary source which confirmrms this beyond doubt has not yet been identified. If this is correct, she was presumably the same daughter who later married the Comte de Ponthieu. Until further information comes to light, it is assumed that Alix/Adelaide who was betrothed tto Richard, and who later married the Comte de Ponthieu, was the daughter who was born in 1160, and that King Louis had no daughter of this name by his third marriage. Alix was brought up in England after her betrothal. Benedict of Peterborougugh records that the betrothal of "Alesia soror eius [Philippi regis Franciæ]" and Richard was renewed in 1189, commenting that the king of England "in custodia habet". Richard refused the marriage after his accession to the throne. Kerrebrouck states that King Richard arranged her betrothal to his younger brother John in early 1193, but the primary source which confirms this has not yet been identified. She returned to France in Aug 1195. The primary source which confirms her marrriage has not yet been identified. Ctss d'Eu, Dame d’Arques in 1195, as her dowry for her marriage. Betrothed (by peace treaty 30 Sep 1174, betrothed 21 Sep 1177) to RICHARD of England, son of HENRY II King of England & Eléonore Dss d'Aquitaine (Beaumont Palace, Oxford 8 Sep 1157-Chalus 6 Apr 1199, bur Fontevrault Abbey). He succeeded his father in 1189 as RICHARD I " Cœur-de-lion " King of England. Betrothed (early 1193) to JOHN of England, son of HENRY II King of England & his wife Eléonore Dss d'Aquitaine (Beaumont Palace, Oxford 24 Dec 1166-Newark Castle, Lincolnshire 18/19 Oct 1216, bur Worcester Cathedral). This betrothal appears to have taken place despite the fact that John was already married to his first wife at the time. He succeeded his brother in 1199 as JOHN King of England. m (contract Mantes, Yvelines 20 Aug 1195) GUILLAUME II “Talvas” Comte de Ponthieu et de Montreuil, son of JEAN I Comte de Ponthieu & his third wife Béatrice de Saint-Pol (after 1178-6 Oct 1221, bur Abbaye de Valloires, Somme).
      King Louis VII & his third wife had three children:
      5. PHILIPPE de France (Château de Gonesse, Val d’Oise 21 Aug 1165-Mantes, Yvelines 14 Jul 1223, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). William of Tyre names him and records his parentage, specifying that he was his father's only son. He was consecrated associate-king 1 Nov 1179, at the cathedral of Notre-Dame de Reims. He succeeded his father in 1180 as PHILIPPE II “Auguste” King of France.
      6. [ALIX de France ([1170]-). According to Kerrebrouck, the daughter of King Louis VII who was betrothed to Richard of England and later married to Guillaume Comte de Ponthieu was the king's daughter by his third marriage. As demonstrated abovove, from a chronological point of view the daughter whose betrothal to Richard was first discussed in 1161 could only have been the younger daughter of the king's second marriage. The sources cited above appear to indicate that this is the samme daughter whose betrothal was later confirmed, and who later married the Comte de Ponthieu. No primary source has so far been identified which confirms that she was the king's daughter by his third marriage. Until further information comes to light, it is assumed that Alix/Adelaide was the daughter who was born in 1160, and that King Louis had no daughter of this name by his third marriage.]
      7. AGNES de France (1171-after 1240). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the daughter of King Louis VII & his third wife as "imperatricem Grecorum quam duxit Alexius filius Manuelis". William of Tyre names her and her father, when recording her marriage. Benedict of Peterborough records that "Lodovicus rex Francorum Agnetem filiam suam quam Ala regina Francorum…peperat" was sent to Constantinople in 1179 to marry "Alexio filio Manuelis imperatoris Constantinopolis". She adopted the name ANNA on her first marriage. Benedict of Peterborough records the death of her first husband and her second marriage to his successor. Her third marriage is deduced from Villehardouin naming "Theodore Branas, a Greek who was married to the king of France's sister" when recording that Apros was restored to him in 1205. After being widowed for the third time, she lived as a recluse in the palace of Bukoleon. m firstly (Constantinople [2 Mar] 1180) ALEXIOS Komnenos, son of Emperor MANUEL I & his second wife Marie of Antioch (Constantinople 10 Sep 1169-murdered 24 Sep 1183). He succeeded his father 24 Sep 1180 as Emperor ALEXIOS II. m secondly (1184) as his second wife, Emperor ANDRONIKOS I, son of ISAAKIOS Komnenos sébastokrator & his wife --- ([1123/24]-murdered Constantinople 12 Sep 1185). m thirdly (1204) THEODOROS Branas Duke of Adrianople, son of ALEXIOS Branas Komnenos pansébastos & his wife Anna Komnena Vatatzina.
      King Louis VII had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1):
      8. PHILIPPE de France (-1161). Kerrebrouck names him as illegitimate son of King Louis but does not cite the primary source on which this is based. Doyen of Saint-Martin at Tours.”««s87»» [1]
    Person ID I11802  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 23 Dec 2018 

    Father Louis VI “le Gros le Batailleur”,   b. 1081,   d. 1 Aug 1137  (Age 56 years) 
    Mother Adelaide, de Maurienne 
    Family ID F5213  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Eleonore, Eleanor or Aliaenor, of Aquitaine,   b. 1122,   d. 1 Apr 1204, Fontevraud Abbey, Fontevraud-l’Abbaye, Maine-et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years) 
    Children 
     1. Marie, of France,   b. 1145,   d. 1198  (Age 53 years)
     2. Alix, de France,   b. 1151,   d. Aft 1195  (Age > 45 years)
    Last Modified 23 Dec 2018 
    Family ID F4097  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Constanza, de Castilla 
    Children 
     1. Marguerite, de France
    +2. Alix (Adelaide), de France,   b. 1160,   d. Aft 1200  (Age > 41 years)
    Last Modified 23 Dec 2018 
    Family ID F5183  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Alix, de Blois 
    Children 
     1. Philippe II “Auguste”, King of France
     2. Agnes, de France,   b. 1171,   d. Aft 1240  (Age > 70 years)
    Last Modified 23 Dec 2018 
    Family ID F5314  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S87] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy., Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Trustees.