Connected Bloodlines

Henry II, King of England, Duke of Normandy & Aquitaine

Male 1133 - 1189  (56 years)


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  • Name Henry II  
    Suffix King of England, Duke of Normandy & Aquitaine 
    Born 5 Mar 1132/3  Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 6 Jul 1189  Château de Chinon, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Fontevraud Abbey, Fontevraud-l’Abbaye, Maine-et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • “HENRY II OF ENGLAND (otherwise HENRY FITZ GEOFFREY, or HENRY FITZ EMPRESS), Knt., King of England, Duke of Normandy, Count of Anjou, and, in right of his wife, Duke of Aquitaine, born at Le Mans in Maine 5 March 1132/3. He was knighted at Carlisle by his great uncle, David, King of Scotland, in 1149. He married at Bordeaux, France 18 May 1152 ELEANOR (or ÉLÉONORE) OF AQUITANE, former wife of Louis VII le Jeune (or le Pieux), King of France, Duke of Aquitaine (divorced 21 March 1152), and eldest daughter and co-heiress of Guillaume X, Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Poitou, by his 1st wife, Éléonore, daughter of Aumary I, Vicomte of Châtellerault. She was born about 1124 (aged 13 in 1137). They had eight children. By variious mistresses, he also had a number of illegitimate children, including three sons, Geoffrey (clerk) [Archibishop of York], William Longespée, Knt. [Earl of Salisbury], and Morgan (clerk) [Provost of Beverley], and two daughters, including Maud (nun). By the Treaty of Winchester in 1153, Henry was recognized as King Stephen’s heir. He reached England 8 Dec. 1154, and was crowned King of England at Westminster 19 Dec. 1154, with direct rule over England and southern Wales, and a claim to the overlordship of northern Wales. His domain of England, Wales, and the French lands acquired from inheritance and marriage (ruled as separate components) was termed the “Angevin empire” (as his father was Count of Anjou). He had littlle difficulty in curbing the disorder of Stephen’s reign and restoring the royal authority. He encouraged the development of juries of local men in the investigation of crimes, and trial of those accused by royal justices. His writs to sheriffffs improved the disposition of claims over possession of property and benefices, thereby discouraging local self-help of violent ejection and usurpation. He was the first king to attempt to break down the feudal system of government by bringing its countless independent jurisdictions into subjection to one uniform judicial administration. His reassertion of the king’s rights over the church, in particular that clerics were subject to his courts and not solely to ecclesiastical courts, led to the quarrel with his former chancellor, Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, who was murdered in his cathedral in Dec. 1170. In 1171 Henry invaded Ireland intent on conquest. By Christmas 1171 Waterford, Wexford, Limerick, and Cork were in his hands and all the Irish princes, except the King of Connaught, gave him hostages and promised tribute. In 1178 he reorganized the English curia regis by restricting its highest functions to a small inner tribunal of selected counsellors, which later grew into the court of the king’s bench. His final years were marked by quarrels with and between his sons, stirred into rebellion by their mother, from whom he was separated. HENRY II OF ENGLAND, King of England, died testate at Château Chinon, Normandy 6 July 1189 in the midst of a rebellion by his sons. His widow, Eleanor, died at Fontevrault (Maine-et-Loire), France 31 March 1204. They were both buried at Fontevrault Abbey.”««s79»» [1]
    Person ID I11800  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 23 Dec 2018 

    Father Geoffrey V “le Bon Plantagenet”,   b. 24 Aug 1113, Maine-et-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Sep 1151, Château-du-Loir, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years) 
    Mother Matilda or Maud, of England, Empress of Almain, Lady of the English,   b. Feb 1102,   d. 10 Sep 1167, Rouen, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 65 years) 
    Family ID F4098  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Ida DE TOSNY 
    Children 
    +1. William LONGESPÉE, Knight, 3rd Earl of Salisbury,   b. Abt 1175/80,   d. 7 Mar 1225/6, Salisbury Castle, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 46 years)
    Last Modified 23 Dec 2018 
    Family ID F4129  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Eleonore, Eleanor or Aliaenor, of Aquitaine,   b. 1122,   d. 1 Apr 1204, Fontevraud Abbey, Fontevraud-l’Abbaye, Maine-et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years) 
    Children 
     1. Henry “the Young King”, Joint King of England,   b. 1155,   d. 1183  (Age 28 years)
     2. Richard I “The Lionheart”, King of England,   b. 8 Sep 1157,   d. 6 Apr 1199  (Age 41 years)
     3. Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany,   b. 1158,   d. 1186  (Age 28 years)
    +4. John, King of England,   b. 24 Dec 1167, Beaumont Palace, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Oct 1216, Newark Castle, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years)
     5. Matilda “Maud”, of England,   b. 1156,   d. 1189  (Age 33 years)
    +6. Leonora or Eleanor, of England,   d. 1214
     7. William, Count of Poitiers,   b. 1153,   d. 1156  (Age 3 years)
     8. Joan, of England,   b. 1165,   d. 1199  (Age 34 years)
    Last Modified 23 Dec 2018 
    Family ID F4096  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 5 Mar 1132/3 - Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 6 Jul 1189 - Château de Chinon, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Fontevraud Abbey, Fontevraud-l’Abbaye, Maine-et-Loire, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Sources 
    1. [S79] Plantagenet Ancestry: a Study in Colonial and Medieval Families., Richardson, Douglas., (Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004.).