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Eleanor, de Provence

Female Abt 1223 - 1291  (~ 68 years)


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  • Name Eleanor  
    Suffix de Provence 
    Born Abt 1223 
    Gender Female 
    Died Jun 1291 
    Notes 
    • From Wikipedia:
      “Eleanor of Provence (c. 1223 – 26 June 1291) was Queen Consort of King Henry III of England.
      Born in Aix-en-Provence, she was the daughter of Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence (1198-1245) and Beatrice of Savoy (1206–1266), the daughter of Tomasso, Count of Savoy and his second wife Marguerite of Geneva. All four of their daughters bbecame queens. Like her mother, grandmother, and sisters, Eleanor was renowned for her beauty. Eleanor was probably born in 1223; Matthew Paris describes her as being "jamque duodennem" (already twelve) when she arrived in the Kingdom of England for her marriage.
      Eleanor was married to Henry III, King of England (1207-1272) on January 14, 1236. She had never seen him prior to the wedding at Canterbury Cathedral and had never set foot in his impoverished kingdom. Edmund Rich, Archbishop of Canterbury, officiated. Eleanor and Henry had five children:
      --Edward I (1239-1307)
      --Margaret of England (1240-1275), married King Alexander III of Scotland
      --Beatrice of England (1242 - 1275), married John II, Duke of Brittany
      --Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster (1245-1296)
      --Katharine (25 November 1253 - 3 May 1257)
      Eleanor seems to have been especially devoted to her eldest son, Edward; when he was deathly ill in 1246, she stayed with him at the abbey at Beaulieu for three weeks, long past the time allowed by monastic rules. It was because of her influence that King Henry granted the duchy of Gascony to Edward in 1249. Her youngest child, Katharine, seems to have had a degenerative disease that rendered her deaf. When she died aged three, both her royal parents suffered overwhelming grief.
      She was a confident consort to Henry, but she brought in her retinue a large number of cousins, "the Savoyards," and her influence with the King and her unpopularity with the English barons created friction during Henry's reign. Eleanor was devoted to her husband's cause, stoutly contested Simon de Montfort, raising troops in France for Henry's cause. On July 13, 1263, she was sailing down the Thames on a barge when her barge was attacked by citizens of London. In fear for her life, Eleanor was rescued by Thomas FitzThomas, the mayor of London, and took refuge at the bishop of London's home.
      In 1272 Henry died, and her son Edward, 33 years old, became Edward I, King of England. She stayed on in England as Dowager Queen, and raised several of her grandchildren -- Edward's son Henry and daughter Eleanor, and Beatrice's son John. When her grandson Henry died in her care in 1274, Eleanor mourned him and his heart was buried at the priory at Guildford she founded in his memory. Eleanor retired to a convent but remained in touch with her son and her sister, Marguerite.
      Eleanor died in 1291 in Amesbury, England.”
    Person ID I11797  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 12 Dec 2020 

    Father Raymond Berenger IV, Comte de Provence,   b. 1195,   d. 19 Aug 1245  (Age 50 years) 
    Mother Beatrix, de Savoie 
    Family ID F5385  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Henry III, King of England,   b. 1 Oct 1207, Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Nov 1272, Palace of Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Married 14 Jan 1236  Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Edward I “Longshanks”, King of England,   b. 17 Jun 1239, Westminster Palace, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Jul 1307, Burgh-on-Sands, Cumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
     2. Margaret, of England,   b. 1240,   d. 1275  (Age 35 years)
     3. Beatrice, of England
     4. Edmund “Crouchback”, 1st Earl of Lancaaster,   b. 1245,   d. 1296  (Age 51 years)
     5. Katherine,   b. 25 Nov 1253,   d. 3 May 1257  (Age 3 years)
    Last Modified 12 Dec 2020 
    Family ID F4094  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 14 Jan 1236 - Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent, England Link to Google Earth
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