Fernando III “el Santo”, King of Castile and León

Male 1199/1201 - 1252  (51 years)


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  • Name Fernando III “el Santo” , King of Castile and León 
    Suffix King of Castile and León 
    Born 1199/1201  Peleas de Arriba, Zamora, Castilla y León, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 30 May 1252  Seville, Andalucia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Cathedral of Seville, Seville, Andalucia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Canonized as St. Ferdinand by Pope Clement X in 1671.

      “FERNANDO III 1217-1252
      Condes de Carrión; de Ponthieu

      Infante don FERNANDO de León, son of don ALFONSO IX King of León & his second wife Infanta doña Berenguela de Castilla (Monte de Valparaíso [30 Jul/5 Aug] 1201-Seville 30 May 1252, bur Seville, Cathedral Santa María). He was born when the Queen was travelling from Salamanca to Zamora, in the forest near the monastery of Bellofonte. He succeeded his maternal uncle in 1217 as don FERNANDO III “el Santo” King of Castile, Toledo and Extremadura. He succeeded his father in 1230 as don FFERNANDO III King of León and Galicia. He led successful campaigns against the Moors, conquering Córdoba (1236), Murcia (1242), Jaén (1246), and Seville (1248 after a siege of 16 months). The Kings of Granada and Murcia declared themselves his vassals. He was making preparations for a crusade into North Africa, for which he was negotiating for support from Henry III King of England, when he died. King Fernando III was the first of his family to quarter the arms of Castile with León. He was canonised by Pope Clement X in 1671, feast day 30 May.
      m firstly (Burgos 30 Nov 1219) ELISABETH von Staufen, daughter of PHILIPP von Hohenstaufen Duke of Swabia King of the Romans & his wife Maria [Eirene] of Byzantium (Nürnberg Mar/May 1205-Toro 5 Nov 1235, bur Cistercian monastery Santa María la Real, transferred 1279 to the Cathedral Santa María, Seville). The Annales Marbacenses record that one of the four daughters of King Philipp (second in the list) married "regi Hyspanie". The primary source which confirms her name has not yet beeen identified. The Chronicon de Cardeña records that “Rey D. Ferrando” married “Doña Beatriz, la sobrina del Emperador de Alemaña”. She was known as BEATRIZ in Castille. The Crónica Latina records that “el emperador Isaac” was grandfather of “la reina nuestra señora Beatriz, padre…de su madre”.
      m secondly (Burgos 1237 before 20 Nov) as her first husband, JEANNE de Dammartin, daughter of SIMON de Dammartin Comte d’Aumâle & his wife Jeanne Ctss de Ponthieu ([1220]-Abbeville 16 Mar 1279, bur monastery of Valoires). The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Mariam…mater Joannæ Reginæ Castellæ et Legionis" as the daughter of "Comitis de Pontivo" and his wife "Adelodis" daughter of "Ludovico Regi Francorum" (and his wife "Elisabeth", an error for Constanza). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to, but does not name, the four daughters of "comes de Pontivo Symon" (in order) as the wives of "rex Castelle de Hispanie Fernandus…maiorem filius vicecomitis de Castro Araudi…comitis de Augo…comes de Roceio". The contract of marriage between "Ferrandi…regis Castelle et Toleti, Legionis et Galicie" and "donna Johanna…socero nostro…comite Pontivi" is noted in a charter dated Jan 1238 (New Style) issued by Louis IX King of France, which also refers to the king of Castile's letter dated 31 Oct 1237. She succeeded her father as Ctss d‘Aumâle in 1239. She succeeded her mother 1251 as Ctss de Ponthieu. She returned to France as a widow in 1253. She married secondly ([May 1260/9 Feb 1261]) Jean de Nesle Seigneur de Falvy et de La Hérelle (-2 Feb 1292). The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the death in 1279 of "regina Hispanie, domina Pontivi, mater Alienoræ reginæ Angliæ".
      King Fernando III & his first wife had ten children:
      1. Infante don ALFONSO de Castilla y León (Toledo 23 Nov 1221-Seville 4 Apr 1284, bur Seville, Cathedral Santa María). The Anales Toledanos record the birth 23 Nov 1221 of “el Infant D. Alfonso, fillo del Rey D. Fernando de Castiella…e…de la Reyna doña Beatriz, filla del Emperador de Alemaña”. Alférez of his father don Fernando III "el Santo" King of Castile 21 Aug 1242 to 22 Aug 1242. He succeeded his father in 1252 as ALFONSO X “el Sabio” King of Castile, León, Galicia, Toledo, Badajoz, Cordoba, Murcia, Jaén and Sevilla
      2. Infante don FADRIQUE de Castilla y León (Guadalajara 1223 shortly before 15 Sep-assassinated 1277, bur Burgos, Convent of the Santas Trinidad). He was brought up at the court of Emperor Friedrich II. He unsuccessfully claimed the Duchy of Swabia in 1240, by right of his mother. Señor de Sanlúcar de Albaída, Gelves, Gizirat, Abualhinar, Alpechin, Cambullón, Brenes, Riazuela and La Algeba in Andalucía 1248. He lived in Italy and Africa, but returned to the court of Castile by 26 Feb 1272. He was deprived of his lordships for absenteeism by the King in 1269, but restored in 1272. He helped Queen Violante in her dispute with her husband. The Anales Toledanos record that “Rex Alfonsus mediante justitia” killed “Dñm Fredicum, et Dominum Simonem Roderici de los Cameros”. m [firstly] (1240) BEATRICE Malaspina, daughter of CORRADO Malaspina, of the Spino dello Secco branch of the Malaspina family, & his wife [Adelasia] illegitimate daughter of Emperor Friedrich II. [m secondly --- Komnene Dukaina, daughter of NIKEPHOROS Dukas I Angelos Lord of Epirus & his first wife Anna Palaiologina Kantakuzene (1258-[before 1294]). This unnamed daughter of Nikephoros Lord of Epirus is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln, according to which she was later baptised as Catarina and married (presumably as his second wife) Infante don Fadrique de Castilla. Szabolcs de Vajay states that Infante Fadrique's alleged marriage to the daughter of Nikephoros Lord of Epirurus "seems apocryphal, perhaps based on a typical speculation by Pellicer", possibly resulting from confusion with her half-sister Katarina née Thamar, wife of Philippe Principe di Tarento [Anjou-Sicily].] Infante Fadrique & his [first] wife had one child:
      a) doña BEATRIZ Fadrique ([1242]-1277, bur Sahagún, Cistercian monastery of San Facundo y San Primitivo). m firstly don ALFONSO Téllez III de Meneses 6th Señor de Meneses Señor de Montealegre, son of don TELLO de Meneses & his first wife doña MARÍA Yáñez de Lima (-before [1270/76]). No issue. m secondly (after 1270) as his second wife, don SIMÓN Roíz de Los Cameros ([1230]-assassinated Trevino 1277). Señor de los Cameros, of Ugena in Andalucía 1253, of Tolmantos 1256. The Anales Toledanos record that “Rex Alfonsus mediante justitia” killed “Dñm Fredicum, et Dominum Simonem Roderici de los Cameros”. No issue.
      Infante Fadrique had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses:
      b) don ALONSO Fadrique (in Italy [1260]-after 1297). He returned with his father to Spain in 1272. m (before 2 Feb 1296) as her second husband, doña MARÍA Ramírez de Queixial, widow of don GONZALO Moran “el Mozo”, daughter of don PEDRO Peláez de Queixial & his wife doña María Ramírez Froilaz.
      c) don --- Fadrique (in Italy [1260]-). Apparently he did not return to Spain from Italy with his father and brother in 1272..
      i) son. m ---.
      (a) don FADRIQUE. Señor de Troya.
      (1) don LANZELOTTO. He was recognised as a relative of the royal family in a letter dated 18 Jul 1394 from Juan I King of Aragon to his nephew Enrique III King of Castile.
      a. …children referred to in the letter dated 18 Jul 1394, but not by name. It is not known whether these children had any further descendants.
      3. Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla y León (Cuenca 1225, before 27 Mar-near Seville 1248, before 23 Nov). Governor of Murcia and Molina Seca 1243. He was at the siege of Triana early autumn 1248. He died during the conquest of Seville. Infante Fernando had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress:
      a) don ALFONSO Fernández. According to Szabolcs de Vajay, he was the son of Infante don Fernando. The author cites previous authors who attributed the paternity of don Alfonso Fernández to don Fernando de la Cerda, but also the 22 Jan 1284 coddicil to the will of don Alfonso X "el Sabio" King of Castile which refers to don Alfonso as "nuestro sobrino y nuestro consegero". Although this appears to indicate that don Alfonso's father was one of King Alfonso X's brothers, it is not clear what proof there is that his father was Infante don Fernando.
      4. Infanta doña LEONOR de Castilla y León (1226-young).
      5. Infanta doña BERENGUELA de Castilla y León (1228-Las Huelgas 1279, bur Las Huelgas). Nun at the Cistercian monastery Santa María la Real at Las Huelgas Sep 1243.
      6. Infante don ENRIQUE "el Senador" de Castilla y León (1230 before 10 Mar-Roda 8 Aug 1303, bur Valladolid, San Francisco). Señor de Écija, Medellín, Dueñas, Atienza, Berlanga, Calataãzor and San Esteban de Gormaz 1244. Señor de Morón, Cote annd Silibar in Andalucía 1248. He conquered Arcos and Lebrija 1255. Ambitious to form his own independent state, he entered the service of the Bey of Tunis after he failed, and subsequently went to Italy. Supporting at first Charles d’Anjou, he switched to the Gibelin cause. Pope Clement IV made him Senator of Rome Jul 1267-Aug 1268. He fought for Konradin against Charles d’Anjou, and was taken prisoner after the battle of Tagliacozzo and taken to Naples 28 Aug 1268. The Alberti Mi Milioli Notarii Regini Liber de Temporibus records the capture of "dompnus Henricus frater regis Castelle tunc senator urbis Rome" in 1268. He was imprisoned for 20 years in a fortress in Apulia, released 1291, and returned to Castile in 1294. Adelantado Mayor on the border with Andalucía. The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records that the king dismissed “tutoriam Infans Dns Henricus” in Feb 1302. Mayordomo Mayor of his great nephew King Fernando IV 2 Nov 1302. The Chroniccon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in Aug 1303 of “Infans Dns Henricus, in Roda”. m (1300) as her first husband, doña JUANA Núñez de Lara "la Palomilla" Señora de Lerma, Villafranca, Dueñas, Fuente-Empudia, Torrelobatón and Herrera, daughter of don JUAN Núñez de Lara “el Gordo” Señor de Lara and Vizcaya & his second wife doña Teresa Díaz de Haro (1286-Palencia 12 Jun 1351). She married secondly (1308) Infante don Fernando de la Cerda de Castilla. She succeeded her brothher in 1315 as Señora de Lara and Vizcaya. Mistress (1): ([1246]) doña MARÍA [Mayor] Rodríguez Pecha, daughter of don RODRIGO Pecha Señor de Atanzón in Andalucía. Mistress (2): ---. The name of the second mistress of Infante don Enrique is not known. Infante Enrique had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):
      a) don ENRIQUE Enríquez (Andalucía [1246]-). Señor de Puebla de los Infantes, in Andalucía, by grant of his uncle King Alfonso X 27 Jul 1253. m ([1300]) as her second husband, doña ESTEFANÍA Rodríguez de Ceballos, Señora de Vado de las Estacas y Villalba, widow of don JUAN Mathe de Luna, daughter of don RODRIGO González de Ceballos & his wife doña María Fernández de Caviedes. Camarero Mayor 1285. Almirante of Castile 1295. Enrique & his wife had one child:
      i) don ENRIQUE Enríquez “el Mozo”. He established himself in Badajoz. He succeeded his mother as Señor de Villalba. m doña URRACA Pérez de Castro, daughter of don PEDRO Fernández II de Castro “él de la Guerra”, Señor de Lemos & his wife doña Isabel Pérez Ponce de León. According to Szabolcs de Vajay, Don Enrique may have been the ancestor of the family of Henríquez at Seville and Salamanca, but no details are known.
      Infante Enrique had one illegitimate child by Mistress (2):
      b) doña INÉS Enríquez ([1292/8]-). m don JUAN Ponce, son of ---. Señor de Cabra 1326, and Señor de la Torre de Pajares. Adelantado Mayor of the borders with Andalucía.
      7. Infante don FELIPE de Castilla y León (1231, before 5 Dec-28 Nov 1274, bur Villalcázar de Sirga, near Carrión de los Condes, convent Santa María la Blanca of the Order of the Templars). Canon of San Salvador de Campo de Mira and of Toledodo. Abbot of Castrojeriz 1243. Elected Bishop of Osma 1245. Abbot of Covarrubias 1248, abbot of Valladolid 1249. Elected Archbishop of Seville 1249. He resigned his ecclesiastical appointments [5 Feb/10 Apr] 1258 in order to marry. Señor de Valdeporchena, Piedrahita and Valdecorneja 1258. Knight of the Order of Templars. He rebelled against his brother Alfonso X and offered his services to the King of Granada. m firstly (contract 6 Feb 1258, 31 Mar 1258) CHRISTINA of Norway, ddaughter of HAAKON IV "den Gamle/the Old" King of Norway & his wife Margareta Skulesdotter (1234-Seville 1262, bur Covarrubias, monastery of San Cosme and San Damian). The Chronicon de Cardeña records the arrival in Burgos in 1254 of “la Infant fija del Rey de Noruega” and her marriage to “D. Felipe hermano del Rey…electo de Sevilla”. m secondly ([1263/64]) doña INÉS Rodríguez Girón, daughter of don RODRIGO González Girón Señor de Frecilla, Cisneros and Autillo [Mayordomo Mayor of King Fernando III] & his second wife doña Teresa López de Haro (-[1265], bur Villalcázar de Sirga). m thirdly (before 1269) doña LEONOR Rodríguez de Castro, daughter of don RODRIGO Ponce de Castro [Cabrera] Señor de Cigales, Mucientes y Santa Olalla & his wife doña Leonor González de Lara (-Santa Olalla 1275, after 27 Apr, bur San Felices de Amaya, nuns of the Calatrava order, transferred 1568 to Burgos). Infante Felipe & his third wife had one child:
      a) don FELIPE de Castilla (-young before 1274, bur San Felices de Amaya, nuns of the Calatrava Order). His parentage is deduced by Szabolcs de Vajay from don Felipe's burial in the necropolis of the Castro family[628], although the author does not appear to have taken into account the fact that don Felipe's mother was a member of the Cabrera family whose father had adopted the name "Castro" from his own mother's family.
      Infante Felipe had three illegitimate children by an unknown mistress:
      b) don FERNANDO Alfonso (-after 1284). Received a legacy in Duruelo from his brother don Alfonso Fernández 1284[629].
      c) don ALFONSO Fernández ([1263]-1284 shortly before 24 Dec). Mayordomo of his uncle don Alfonso X "el Sabio" King of Castile 1 Sep 1283. He constituted his brother don Fernando Alfonso his legatee477.
      d) doña BEATRIZ Fernández (before 1273-). Living unmarried 1321, when Infanta doña Blanca de Portugal, granddaughter of Alfonso X "el Sabio" King of Castile, left a legacy to her.
      8. Infante don SANCHO de Castilla y León (1233-Toledo 27 Oct 1261, bur either Toledo or Las Huelgas). He was brought up by Don Rodrigo Jiménez, Archbishop of Toledo. Studied at Paris University. Archdeacon of Toledo 1248. Elected Archbishop of Toledo 11 Mar 1251, consecrated 1259.
      9. Infante don MANUEL de Castilla y León (Carrión de los Condes 1234-Peñafiel 25 Dec 1283, bur Uclés, Santiago convent). The Anales Toledanos name “Dñi Emanuelis fratris Regis” when recording the death of his son. Señor de Elche y Villena 1248. Señor de Escalona, Santa Olalla, Peñafiel, Agreda, Roa y Cuéllar.
      10. Infanta doña MARÍA de Castilla y León (early 1235-1235, shortly before 5 Nov, bur León, monastery of San Isidoro).
      King Fernando III & his second wife had five children:
      11. Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla y León (1238-in France before 1264). Also known as Ferdinand de Ponthieu. Created Comte d’Aumâle, Baron de Montgomery et de Noyelles-sur-Mer by his maternal grandfather Simon de Dammartin.
      12. Infanta doña LEONOR de Castilla y León (1240-Herdeby, Lincolnshire 29 Nov 1290, bur Westminster Abbey). The Annales Londonienses record the marriage "circa translationem beati Edwardi regis apud Boures" in 1254 of "Edwardus filius regis Henrici" and "Alienoram iuvenculam…sororem regis Hispanniæ". This marriage was first proposed in 1253 in connection with settlement of the Spanish claim to Gascony, according to Matthew of Paris who refers to her as "sororem suam uterinani" in refference to "rex Hispaniæ" but does not give her name. She accompanied her husband on crusade 1270/72. Crowned Queen 19 Aug 1274 at Westminster Abbey. She succeeded her mother in 1279 as Ctss de Ponthieu, in place of her nephew Jean de Ponthieu Comte d'Aumâle, as the closer direct relation. The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the death "IV Kal Dec apud Herdeby in comitatu Lincolniensi" of "Alienora regina Angliæ domini regis consors". m (Burgos 18 Oct 1254) as his first wife, EDWARD Earl of Chester, son of HENRY III King of England & his wife Eléonore de Provence (Palace of Westminster 17/18 Jun 1239-Burgh-on-Sands, Cumberland 8 Jul 1307, bur Westminster Abbey). He succeeded his father in 1372 as EDWARD I “Longshanks” King of England.
      13. Infante don LUIS de Castilla y León (before 1243-before 20 Apr 1279). Invested as Señor de Marchena and Zuheros in 1253 when his mother retired to France. m as her second husband, doña JUANA Gómez de Manzanedo Señora de Gatón, widow of don RODRIGO García de Villamayor, daughter of don GÓMEZ Ruiz de Manzanedo Señor de Valdelaguna & his wife doña María --- (-1305 or after). Infante Luis & his wife had two children:
      a) doña BERENGUELA de Marchena (-[1279]). m MAYMON de Châtelaillon (-bur 1326, Old Cathedral of Lérida).
      b) don LUIS II de Marchena (before 1267-before 1302). Señor de Marchena, Briviesca, Astudillo y Gatón.
      14. Infante don SIMÓN de Castilla y León (1244-young, bur Toledo, Santo Domingo convent).
      15. Infante don JUAN de Castilla y León (1246-a few days after his birth, bur Córdoba Cathedral).”««s87»» [1]
    Person ID I11628  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 25 Jul 2014 

    Father Alfonso IX, King of León and Galicia,   b. 15 Aug 1171,   d. 24 Sep 1230  (Age 59 years) 
    Mother Berenguela, de Castilla,   b. 1180,   d. 8 Nov 1246  (Age 66 years) 
    Family ID F5104  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Elisabeth, von Staufen,   b. 1205, Nuremburg, Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Nov 1235, Toro, Zamora, Castile and León, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 30 years) 
    Married 30 Nov 1219  Burgos, Castile and León, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Alfonso X “el Sabio”, King of Castile
     2. Fadrique, de Castilla y León
     3. Fernando, de Castilla y León, Governor of Murcia and Molina Seca,   b. 1225,   d. 1248  (Age 23 years)
     4. Leonor, de Castilla y León
     5. Berenguela, de Castilla y León
     6. Enrique “el Senador”, de Castilla y León
     7. Felipe, de Castilla y León
     8. Sancho, de Castilla y León
     9. Manuel, de Castilla y León
     10. Maria, de Castilla y León
    Last Modified 5 Feb 2017 
    Family ID F5103  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Jeanne, de Dammartin,   b. Abt 1220,   d. 16 Mar 1279, Abbeville, Somme, Picardie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 59 years) 
    Married Oct 1237  Burgos, Castile and León, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Fernando, de Castilla y León, Comte d’Aumâle, Baron de Montgomery,   b. 1238,   d. Bef 1264  (Age < 26 years)
    +2. Leonor or Eleanor, de Castile y León,   b. 1241,   d. 29 Nov 1290, Harby, Nottinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years)
     3. Luis, de Castilla y León
     4. Simón, de Castilla y León
     5. Juan, de Castilla y León
    Last Modified 5 Feb 2017 
    Family ID F4041  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1199/1201 - Peleas de Arriba, Zamora, Castilla y León, Spain Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 30 Nov 1219 - Burgos, Castile and León, Spain Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Oct 1237 - Burgos, Castile and León, Spain Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 30 May 1252 - Seville, Andalucia, Spain Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Cathedral of Seville, Seville, Andalucia, Spain Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Documents
    Death. Ferdinand III, of Castile.  San Fernando. 1199-1252.
    Death. Ferdinand III, of Castile. San Fernando. 1199-1252.
    The body of Saint Ferdinand (canonized by Pope Clement X in 1671) rests in the Royal Chapel of the Cathedral of Seville. His remains are enclosed in a stunning gold and crystal casket. He still wears his golden crown.

  • Sources 
    1. [S87] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy., Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Trustees..