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Humphrey DE BOHUN, 4th Earl of Hereford and 3rd Earl of Essex

Male Abt 1276 - 1322  (~ 46 years)


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  • Name Humphrey DE BOHUN 
    Suffix 4th Earl of Hereford and 3rd Earl of Essex 
    Born Abt 1276 
    Gender Male 
    Died 16 Mar 1321/2  Boroughbridge, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Church of the Black Friars, York, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • “HUMPHREY de Bohun ([1276]-killed in battle Boroughbridge 16 Mar 1322, bur York, Church of the Friars Preachers). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” as son of “Humfredus septimus de Bohun” and his wife “Matildem de Fenes”. He succeeded his father in 1298 as Earl of Hereford and Essex, hereditary Constable of England. He was deprived of hiis office of Constable in 1302, but was restored as such 28 Aug 1311. He was among the Barons who forced King Edward II to agree to the appointment of the Ordainers, of whom he became one himself. He opposed the Despensers, joined the rebellion of Thomas Earl of Lancaster, and was killed while trying to force the bridge at Boroughbridge. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records that “Humfridus de Bohun” was killed “ad pontem de Burrowbrigge” and was buried at York. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Humfredus octavus” died 16 Mar 1321 and was buried “apud Ebor, inter Fratres Prædicatores”. m (Westminster 14 Nov 1302) as her second husband, ELIZABETH of England, widow of JAN I Count of Holland and Zeeland, daughter of EDWARD I King of England & his first wife Infanta doña Leonor de Castilla (Rhuddlan Castle, Flintshire Aug 1282-Quendon, Essex [5] May 1316, bur Walden Abbey, Essex). The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the birth "apud Rothelan" in 1282 of "filiam…Elizabetham" to "Alienora regina Angliæ". The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records the marriage of Count Jan and "Elizabeth…Eduardi regis filia", recording in a later passage that she returned to England after her husband died and married (secondly) "comes Erffordie". The Annales Londonienses record the marriage "in festo Sanctæ Katerinæ…apud Caversham juxta Redyng" in 1302 of "Margareta filia regis Angliæ, comitissa Hoylandiæ et Salondiæ" and "domino Humfrido de Bohun comiti Herefordiæ". The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records the marriage of Count Jan and "Elizabeth…Eduardi regis filia", recording in a later passage that she returned to England after her husband died and married (secondly) "comes Erffordie". A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” married “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that she was buried “apud Waldene”. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the birth “apud Quenden” of “quædam filia” to “Humfridus de Bohun” and his wife “Elizabethæ…regis Angliæ Edwardi…filiæ” during whose birth her mother died, and in a later passage her burial at Waldon. Earl Humphrey & his wife had ten children:
      a) MARGARET de Bohun ([Tinehmue] 1303-). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the birth “apud Tinehmue” of “Margareta primogenita” to “Humfridus de Bohun” and his wife “Elizabethæ…regis Angliæ Edwardi…filiæ”. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that the first Margaret died young.
      b) HUMPHREY de Bohun (Knaresborough [1304]-10 Sep 1304). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the birth “apud Knaresburgh” of “Humfridus filius suus primogenitus” to “Humfridus de Bohun” and his wife “Elizabethæ…regis Angliæ Edwardi…filiæ”. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that the first Humphrey died 10 Sep 1304.
      c) JOHN de Bohun (St Clements 23 Nov 1306-Kirkby Thore, co. Westmoreland 20 Jan 1336, bur Stratford Abbey near London). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that John was “comes Hereford et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ”. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the birth “apud Plesset” of “Johannes” to “Huumfridus de Bohun” and his wife “Elizabethæ…regis Angliæ Edwardi…filiæ”. He succeeded his father as Earl of Hereford and Essex, hereditary Constable of England but this office was removed from him 26 Oct 1330 in favour of his brother "on account of his infirmity" The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death in 1335 of “Johannes sine hærede” and his burial “abbatiam de Stratford”. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records the death of “comes Johannes”, after the death of his brother Edward, “apud Kirkeby Thore sine hærede in festo sanctorum Fabiani et Sebastiani” in 1335 and his burial “in abbathia de Stratford iuxta London”. m firstly (Papal dispensation Feb 1325) ALICE FitzAlan, daughter of EDMUND FitzAlan Earl of Arundel & his wife Alice de Warenne of Surrey (-bur Walden Abbey). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records the marriage of “Johannes de Bohun comes”, son of “Humfredus octavus”, and “Aliciam filiam domini Edmundi comitis Arundeliæ” after the death of his father, and her burial at Walden. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Alicia Arundell” as the wife of “Johannes de Boon, comes Herefordiæ et Essexiæ” and records that she was buried at Walden. m secondly MARGARET Basset, daughter of RALPH Basset Lord Basset of Drayton & his wife Joan de Grey of Wilton (-after 1 Dec 1347). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records the second marriage of “Johannes de Bohun comes”, son of “Humfredus octavus”, and “Margaretam filiam domini Radulphi Basset” after the death of his first wife.
      d HUMPHREY de Bohun (Longmaban, Scotland [1309]-Pleshey 15 Oct 1361, bur London, Church of the Friars Augustine). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that the second Humphrey was “comes Hereford et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and was unmarried. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the birth “apud Lonngmaban in Scotia” of “Humfridus” to “Humfridus de Bohun” and his wife “Elizabethæ…regis Angliæ Edwardi…filiæ”. He succeeded his brother in 1336 as Earl of Hereford and Essex. He granted the office of Constable of England to his brother Williaam for life 12 Jun 1338, but it presumably reverted to Earl Humphrey when his brother died in 1360. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death “1361 XVIII Kal Nov” of “Humfridus” at London and his burial “in ecclesia fratrum sancti Augustini”. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records the death of “Humfredus decimus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essexiæ, ac dominus Breconiæ” in 1361 “apud Pleysis sine hærede” and his burial “Londini apud Fratres Augustinos”.
      e) EDWARD de Bohun (Caldecot [1312]-Low Malden castle, Scotland [10] Nov 1334, bur Walden Abbey). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that Edward and William were “nati ad unum tempus” and that Edward died “in Scotia” and was buried “apud Waldene”. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the birth “apud Caldecot” of “duo gemelli…Edwardus et Willielmus” to “Humfridus de Bohun” and his wife “Elizabethæ…regis Angliæ Edwardi…filiæ”. Twin with his brother William. He replaced his brother as Constable of England 26 Oct 1330 on account of his brother's infirmity. The HHistory of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death in 1333 “ad castrum de Low-Malden” of “Edwardus de Boun miles”, drowned, and his burial “apud Walton”. He was drowned in Scotland when trying to rescue one of his follower. m MARGARET de Ros, daughter of WILLIAM de Ros & his wife --- (-bur Walden Abbey). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Margareta le Roos” as the wife of “Edwardus de Boon” and records that she was buried at Walden with her husband.
      f) WILLIAM de Bohun (Caldecot [1312]-16 Sep 1360, bur Walden Abbey, Essex). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Aliananora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that Edward and William were “nati ad unum tempus” and that King Edward III invested William as Earl of Northampton after the death of his brother John. Earl of Northampton.
      g) ELEANOR de Bohun (-7 Oct 1363). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that Eleanor married firstly (after the death of her father) “domino Jacobo le Botyler Hiberniæ”, who was created “comitem de Urmond” by King Edward III. m firstly (1327) JAMES Butler, son of EDMUND Butler [Le Botiller] & his wife Joan FitzGerald of Kildare ([1305]-[Jan/Feb] 1338, bur Gowran, co. Kilkenny). He was created Earl of Ormond Oct 1328. m secondly (licence 24 Jan 1344, before 20 Apr 1344) Sir THOMAS de Dagworth, son of JOHN de Dagworth of Dagworth, Suffolk & his wife Alice FitzWarin (after 1292-killed in battle Aurai, Brittany [Jul/Aug] 1350). He was created Lord Dagworth 13 Nov 1347.
      h) MARGARET de Bohun (-16 Dec 1391, bur Exeter Cathedral). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that the second Margaret married (after the death of her father) “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire”. The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Ford Abbey records the marriage ”1325 III Id Aug” of “Hugonem tertium” and “dominæ Margaretæ filiæ comitis Herefordiæ domini Humphredi de Bohun”, adding that her mother was “dominam Elizabetham…regis…Edwardi…primi filiam”. m (contract [1314/15], 11 Aug 1325) HUGH de Courtenay, son of HUGH de Courtenay Lord Courtenay [later Earl of Devon] & his wife Agnes de St John (12 Jul 1303-2 May 1377, bur Exeter Cathedral). He was summoned to parliament 23 Apr 1337, whereby he is held to have become Lord Courtenay. He succeeded his father in 1340 as Earl of Devon.
      i) ENEAS de Bohun ([1313/15]-Kimbolton [29 Sep] 1331, bur Walden Abbey). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici terrtii”, adding that Eneas died after his father and was buried “apud Waldene”. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the birth “apud ---” of “Eneas” to “Humfridus de Bohun” and his wife “Elizabethæ…regis Angliæ Edwardi…filiæ”. He is mentioned in his father's will, but deceased in the 19 Jan 1344 ordination of the chantry of his brother William. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death “1331 circa festum sancti Michaelis…apud Kymbolton” of “Æneas de Bohun” and his burial at Walden.
      j) ISABEL de Bohun (Quendon [5] May 1316-young, bur Walden Abbey). A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margrgareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et Essex, constabularius Angliæ et dominus Breconiæ” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that Isabel died young. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the birth “apud Quenden” of “quædam filia” to “Humfridus de Bohun” and his wife “Elizabethæ…regis Angliæ Edwardi…filiæ” during whose birth her mother died, and in a later passage the burial of mother and child at Walden.”


      “HUMPHREY DE BOHUN, 7th Earl of Hereford, 8th Earl of Essex, Baron of Pleshey, Essex, Baron of Kington, Herefordshire, hereditary Constable of England, son and heir, born about Sept. 1248 (aged 18 1/2 years on 26 March 1267). During his grandfafather’s life, he was his deputy in the constableship of England. In 1270 he was granted seisin of his mother’s land but it was not until 1276 that he recovered Brecon from the Welsh. He married in 1275 MAUD DE FIENNES (or FIENLES), daughter of Enguerrand (or Ingram) de Fiennes, seigneur of Fiennes (Pas de Calais), by his 1st wife, _____, daughter of Jacques, seigneur de Condé, Bailleul, and Moriammez in Hainault. She was a near kinswoman to Queen Eleanor of Castile, wife of King Edward I. They had one son, Humphrey, Knt. [Earl of Hereford and Essex]. In 1278 he had protection on going to Santiago in Spain. In 1285 he was ordered by the Bishop of Worcester to desist from troubling the prior of Horsley. In 1285 he was going beyond the seas and in 1287 was staying in Wales by the King’s command. In 1289 he waged a private war against Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, and was ordered to keep the peace. In 1292 he was fined and imprisoned. In 1297 he conduucted the Princess Elizabeth and her husband, John, Count of Holland, on their journey from England. The same year he and Roger Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, refused to serve in Gascony on the plea that they were not bound to foreign service except in company with the king. On the king’s return to England in 1298, he was required by the two earls to promise a reconfirmation of the charters. HUMPHREY DE BOHUN, 7th Earl of Hereford, 8th Earl of Essex, died at Pleshey, Essex 31 Dec. 1298, and was buried at Walden Abbey, Essex, with his wife who had predeceased him.”


      “HUMPHREY DE BOHUN, Knt., 8th Earl of Hereford, 9th Earl of Essex, Baron of Kington, Herefordshire, hereditary Constable of England, of Pleshey, Debden, Fobbing, Saffron Walden, Shenfield, Etc., Essex, Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire, Enfield, Middlesex, Brecknock and Hay, co. Brecon, Caldicott, Monmouthshire, son and heir, born about 1276 (aged 22 in 1298). He served in the wars with the Scots. He and his father fought at the Battle of Falkirk 22 July 1298. He was present at the siege of Caerlaverock Castle in 1300. He signed the Barons’ letter to Pope Boniface in 1301 as Com’ Hereford et Essex & Constab’ Angl’. He married at Westminster 14 Nov. 1302 (by dispensation dated 10 August 1302, they being related in the 3rd and 4t4th degrees of kindred) ELIZABETH OF ENGLAND, widow of Johann, Count of Holland and Zeeland, lord of Friesland (died 10 Nov. 1299), and daughter of Edward I, King of England, by his 1st wife, Eleanor (or Leonor), daughter of [Saint] Fernando III, King of Castile and León (descendant of King Henry II). She was born at Rhuddlan Castle, Caernarvonshire 7 August 1282. They had six sons, Humphrey, John, Knt. [Earl of Hereford and Essex], Humphrey [Earl of Hereford and Essex], Edward, Knt., William, Knt., K.G. [Earl of Northhampton], and Eneas, and four daughters, Margaret, Eleanor, Margaret (again), and Isabel. In 1303 he and his wife, Elizabeth, were granted a market and two fairs at their manor of Enfield. He took part in the tournaments at Fulham in 1305 and at Wallingford in 1307. In 1306 he was granted the castle of Lochmaben and the lordship of Annandale in the Scots March forfeited by Robert de Brus, King of Scotland. In 1307 he was granted the manors of Writtle, Baddow, Broomshaw, and Hatfield, Essex, also formerly belonging to Robert de Brus. He bore the sceptre with the cross at the Coronation of King Edward II in 1308. In 1310 he was sworn as one of the Lords Ordainers to reform the government and the king’s household. In 1312 Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, and the confederate barons, including Boghun, took up arms and besieged the king’s favorite, Peter de Gavaston, in Scarborough. On 19 May Gavaston surrendered and was shortly afterwards beheaded by Lancaster’s party. Bohun was pardoned for his part in this affair in Oct. 1313. He fought at Bannockburn in 1314, and was taken prisoner at Bothwell. He was exchanged for Elizabeth de Burgh, wife of Robert de Brus, King of Scotland. In 1315 he successfully quelled a rising on the Welsh border. In 1316 he was appointed captain of all the forces against Llywelyn Bren. His wife, Elizabeth, died at Quendon, Essex 5 May 1316 and was buried at Walden Abbey, Essex. SIR HUMPHREY DE BOHUN, Earl of Hereford and Essex, joined the rebellion against King Edward II, and was slain at the Battle of Boroughbridge 16 March 1321/2, and was buried in the church of the Friars Preachers, York. He left a will dated 11 August 1319, requesting burial at Walden Abbey near the body of his wife. In 1322 the Abbot of Walden delivered to Nicholas de la Beche various effects of the late Earl of Hereford, including divers rings, plate and jewels, as well as the great crown bequeathed to the Countess of Hereford by the Queen her mother.”, [1, 2]
    Person ID I11617  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 1 Apr 2018 

    Father Humphrey DE BOHUN, 7th Earl of Hereford, 8th Earl of Essex,   b. Abt Sep 1248,   d. 31 Dec 1298, Pleshey, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 50 years) 
    Mother Maud DE FIENNES,   bur. Walden Abbey, Saffron Walden, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 1275 
    Family ID F4043  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Elizabeth, of Rhuddlan,   b. 7 Aug 1282, Rhuddlan Castle, Denbighshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 May 1316, Quendon, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years) 
    Married 14 Nov 1302  Westminster Palace, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Margaret DE BOHUN,   b. 1303
     2. Humphrey DE BOHUN,   b. 1305,   d. 1305  (Age 0 years)
     3. John DE BOHUN, 5th Earl of Hereford,   b. 23 Nov 1306,   d. 1335  (Age 28 years)
     4. Humphrey DE BOHUN, 6th Earl of Hereford,   b. Abt 1309,   d. 1361  (Age ~ 52 years)
     5. Edward DE BOHUN,   b. 1312,   d. 1334  (Age 22 years)
     6. William DE BOHUN, 1st Earl of Northampton,   b. 1312,   d. 1360  (Age 48 years)
     7. Eleanor DE BOHUN, Lady,   b. 17 Oct 1304,   d. 1363  (Age 58 years)
    +8. Margaret DE BOHUN, 2nd Countess of Devon,   b. 3 Apr 1311, Caldecote, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Dec 1391  (Age 80 years)
     9. Eneas DE BOHUN,   b. 1314,   d. Aft 1322  (Age > 9 years)
     10. Isabel DE BOHUN,   b. 5 May 1316,   d. 5 May 1316  (Age 0 years)
    Last Modified 18 Apr 2019 
    Family ID F4034  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 14 Nov 1302 - Westminster Palace, Middlesex, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 16 Mar 1321/2 - Boroughbridge, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Church of the Black Friars, York, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Sources 
    1. [S79] Plantagenet Ancestry: a Study in Colonial and Medieval Families., Richardson, Douglas., (Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004.).

    2. [S87] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy., Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Trustees.